The Use of the CPR to Predict Adverse Outcomes in GDM Pregnancies (CPR GDM)
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The cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) is a tool for assessment of fetal wellbeing in the management of the growth restricted fetus. CPR is the ratio of the fetal middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (PI) to the umbilical artery PI. In Gestational Diabetes (GDM), the common finding is of accelerated and asymmetric fetal growth. Pregnancies complicated by GDM have an increased risk of certain complications such as preeclampsia, intrauterine demise, CS due to fetal distress. These complications have a well known association with fetal growth restriction leading to the hypothesis that there exists a subset of diabetic fetuses that exhibit a growth restriction phenotype despite not being small for gestational age (<10%).The objective of this study is to examine whether the CPR can identify GDM fetuses that are not growth restricted but are at increased risk of certain adverse neonatal outcomes. Women with singleton pregnancies and a diagnosis of GDM at 24 weeks of gestation and beyond will be included. Exclusion criteria are Pre-gestational diabetes, hypertensive disease of pregnancy at time of recruitment, fetus with a known major anomaly, fetal EFW < 10%(IUGR). Women who consent to the study will have a blinded Doppler assessment of CPR. Clinicians will be blinded to these Doppler measurements (unless they are indicated clinically for another reason (suspected fetal anemia or IUGR development- and the results will be unblinded and reported to the clinicians). Obstetric and neonatal outcomes will be collected prospctively via the local BORN database and the patient chart. Local BORN is needed for the registered outcomes. Newborns will be divided post-hoc into two groups: A) last CPR <10% B) Last CPR > 10%. The primary outcome will be a composite outcome consisting of one or more of the following: Caesarean section due to suspected fetal distress, 5 minute Apgar <7, Cord arterial PH < 7, HIE, NICU admission >24 hours.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 45 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Gender Based Eligibility:
Gender Eligibility Description:
Pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
All women over the age of 18 years old with singleton pregnancies and a diagnosis of GDM at 24 weeks of gestation and beyond.
Pre-gestational diabetes, Hypertensive disease of pregnancy at time of recruitment, fetus with a known major anomaly, fetal EFW < 10% or suspected fetal anemia (and thus requiring a clinically indicated CPR measurement) poor grasp of english