Catheter Management After Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03071211|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 4, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Urinary Retention Postoperative Pelvic Organ Prolapse||Device: Plug-unplug catheter management Device: Continuous drainage catheter management||Not Applicable|
This study will be a randomized controlled trial comparing plug-unplug (PUP) catheter management, continuous drainage (CD) catheter systems and patients that do not get discharged with catheters (reference) after pelvic reconstructive surgery. The primary objective of this study is to assess impact on activity. The secondary objectives are to compare the rate of urinary tract infection between the groups, duration of time (days) it takes for patients to resume normal voiding, impact on post-operative pain and satisfaction with surgery experience and post-operative recovery. The investigators hypothesize that patient activity/mobility one week after surgery between the two methods of managing the transurethral catheter will be different between arms. Subjects will be recruited at the Hartford Hospital Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery during preoperative consultation for pelvic reconstructive surgery with 1:1:1 assignment and randomization for PUP and CD groups only. Prior to surgery, baseline activity will be assessed using the Activity Assessment Scale, as well as postoperative expectations. Prior to hospital discharge, patients will undergo a postoperative voiding trial (PVT) per regular clinical practice. Upon failure of PVT, participants will be randomized 1:1 to one of two arms in which participants receive a catheter: PUP or CD. The investigator responsible for data collection will remain blinded to the treatment assignment throughout the study. Subjects who pass the PVT test and therefore do not require a catheter will be assigned to the reference arm (Arm C). Subjects will be followed after hospital discharge and assessed using the same pre- and post-operative questionnaires as participants randomized to the CD and PUP arms and will comprise the first 32 consenting patients who do not require a catheter.
Subjects randomized to CD will have a 16F transurethral catheter attached to a leg bag and receive teaching regarding home maintenance. Subjects randomized to PUP will have the same 16F transurethral catheter placed with a plastic plug and instructed to unplug and drain the catheter when they feel the urge to void, or at least every four hours throughout the day. Subjects in both groups will be provided a large bag for gravity-based drainage during the night. Subjects also will be encouraged to call the research team with any catheter-related questions or concerns including symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI). Subjects with symptoms of UTI (e.g., dysuria, urgency, frequency, and/or hematuria) will be evaluated and treated per standard of care. All participants will then return for an office voiding trial (OVT) five to seven days after hospital discharge, following the same protocol as the PVT. At this time urinalysis will be obtained. Only those participants who endorse symptoms of UTI will have a urine specimen collected and sent for culture. This is in line with the current clinical practice by the investigators. Participants will be treated for UTI based on culture results or if there is high clinical suspicion at the time of office follow-up. Participants who fail the OVT will be discharged home with bladder drainage per standard of care and undergo routine follow-up until they pass a repeat voiding trial.
The subjects will complete a post-operative questionnaire assessing pain, impact on activity and satisfaction. Outcomes will be followed for up to six weeks after initial OVT if it is failed; however, no additional research-associated visits will be necessary from study participants beyond the initial office visit.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||96 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Catheter Management After Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery: a Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 26, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 7, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 31, 2019|
Experimental: Plug-unplug Group
Participants randomized to plug-unplug catheter management. Participants plug and unplug catheters when they feel urge to void or at least every 4 hours during the day. Participants are given the option to use a large drainage bag for convenience overnight.
Device: Plug-unplug catheter management
Transurethral catheter is plugged with a plastic cap and participants are taught to unplug during the day when they feel the urge to void or at least every 4 hours.
Active Comparator: Continuous Drainage Group
Participants randomized to continuous drainage catheter management. Catheters are attached to a leg bag during the day and large drainage bag for convenience overnight.
Device: Continuous drainage catheter management
Transurethral catheter is attached to a continuous drainage bag.
No Intervention: Reference Group
Participants that do not fail inpatient voiding trial and go home without a catheter.
- Activity Assessment Scale [ Time Frame: Postoperative day 3-5 ]Participants complete this 18-question survey preoperatively and 3-5 days postoperatively.
- Preoperative expectations [ Time Frame: At the time of consent ]Patients complete a preoperative expectations survey prior to surgery.
- Days until passing voiding trial [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks postoperatively ]Evaluate rates of passing voiding trial between arms
- Urinary Tract infection [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks postoperatively ]Rates of urinary tract infection between arms
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03071211
|United States, Connecticut|
|Hartford, Connecticut, United States, 06106|
|Principal Investigator:||Sarah S Boyd, MD||Hartford Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Elena Tunitsky-Bitton, MD||Hartford Hospital|