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Trial record 2 of 3 for:    christian otte

Mineralocorticoid Receptor, NMDA Receptor and Cognitive Function in Depression (MISO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03062150
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 23, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2020
NeuroCure Clinical Research Center, Charite, Berlin
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. Dr. Christian Otte, Charite University, Berlin, Germany

Brief Summary:

The steroid hormone cortisol is released in response to stress and acts in the central nervous system upon glucocorticoid (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptors (MR). GR are widely distributed across the brain while MR are predominantly expressed in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex - two brain areas closely related to memory and executive function. Stimulation of MR leads to an increase of glutamate that act on glutamatergic NMDA receptors in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. In previous studies, the investigators have shown that fludrocortisone, a mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) agonist, improves memory and executive function in depressed patients and healthy controls. However, depressed patients not only exhibit cognitive deficits in traditional neuropsychological domains such as memory or executive function. In addition, there are depression-specific alterations such as cognitive bias and deficits in social cognition, two clinically highly relevant areas. Therefore, the specific aims of this renewal proposal are two-fold:

  • To examine whether beneficial effects of fludrocortisone in depressed patients can be extended to depression-specific cognitive bias and to social cognition
  • To determine whether beneficial effects of fludrocortisone depend on NMDA-receptor function and whether these beneficial effects can be enhanced by NMDA receptor stimulation.

The investigators hypothesize that fludrocortisone will improve cognitive bias and social cognition in depressed patients and that its beneficial effects depend on the NMDA receptor. Therefore, the investigators further hypothesize that the effects of fludrocortisone can be enhanced by co-administration of the partial NMDA receptor agonist D-cycloserine.

The study not only advances current knowledge by further examining the mechanism of action by which MR stimulation exerts beneficial effects on cognition but extends these effects to depression-specific cognitive bias and alterations in social cognition. Furthermore, a potential interaction between MR and NMDA receptors is highly clinically relevant given the promising results with NMDA receptor antagonists in the treatment of major depression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depression Drug: Placebo Drug: Fludrocortisone Drug: D-Cycloserine Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 232 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: randomized double-blind placebo-controlled parallel group design
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Effects of Mineralocorticoid Receptor Stimulation on Cognitive Bias and Social Cognition in Patients With Major Depression and Healthy Controls: What's the Role of NMDA Receptors?
Actual Study Start Date : September 27, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 11, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : February 11, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo+Placebo
Placebo: pill, 8mm, single dose, Lichtenstein, Winthrop Arzneimittel GmbH.
Drug: Placebo

Active Comparator: Fludrocortisone+Placebo

Fludrocortisone: pill, Astonin H 0,1gm, single dose, Merck Serono GmbH

Placebo: pill, 8mm, single dose, Lichtenstein, Winthrop Arzneimittel GmbH.

Drug: Placebo

Drug: Fludrocortisone

Active Comparator: Placebo+D-Cycloserine

Placebo: pill, 8mm, single dose, Lichtenstein, Winthrop Arzneimittel GmbH.

D-Cycloserine: capsule, Cycloserine 250mg, single dose, King Pharmaceuticals Ltd

Drug: Placebo

Drug: D-Cycloserine

Active Comparator: Fludrocortison+D-Cycloserine

Fludrocortisone: pill, Astonin H 0,1gm, single dose, Merck Serono GmbH

D-Cycloserine: capsule, Cycloserine 250mg, single dose, King Pharmaceuticals Ltd

Drug: Fludrocortisone

Drug: D-Cycloserine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Emotional dot probe [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

    In this task, two stimuli (each a photography of a face) are presented quickly on a computer screen (500 ms), and one face stimulus is replaced by a probe (1100 ms). Face pictures can show a sad, happy or neutral expression and are paired as neutralneutral, neutral-sad, or neutral-happy. Participants respond as fast as possible by pressing a key to correspond to the location of the probe.

    Attentional bias can be derived by the average reaction time when the probe replaces negative stimuli (sad faces), the average reaction time when the probe replaces neutral stimuli (neutral faces), and the average reaction time of positive (happy faces) and neutral stimuli (neutral faces).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Facial recognition task [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

    This emotion recognition task features two basic emotions - sadness and anger - and a number of control trials containing neutral face expressions. Overall, 6 male and 6 female faces were taken from the NIMSTIM scale (Tottenham et al. (2009); http://www.macbrain.org/resources.htm).

    Two graduations from the full emotion (100%) were created (40% and 80%) and are presented in 24 trials per percentile rank in shades of grey. In addition, 24 control Trials are presented with 0% (neutral) emotion. Overall, the task contains 120 trials in randomized order. Each face is shown for 1 second and is replaced by a grey screen, which requests an answer by showing the three possible answers (sadness, anger, neutral). This screen is presented for 4 seconds and participants make their Responses by pressing one of three keys on the keyboard (arrow keys). Reaction time and correct responses are measured.

  2. Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET) [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
    To assess cognitive and emotional empathy, the MET will be used (Dziobek et al , 2008) in a modified version (Hurlemann et al , 2007; Dziobek et al , 2011; Ritter et al , 2011). The MET is a PC-assisted test consisting of photographs that show 30 picture Stimuli with people in emotionally charged situations. To assess cognitive empathy, participants will be required to infer the mental state of the subject in the photo and will be asked to indicate the correct one from a list of four. To assess emotional empathy, participants will be asked to rate the degree of empathic concern they feel for the person in the Picture (Likert scale, 1 = not at all, 9 = very much).

  3. Virtual Water Maze [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

    Participants are placed in a virtual reality, presented on a computer screen, consisting of a room with a pool in the center. In the pool, there is an invisible platform, that participants have to reach as fast as possible. Participants can move in an ego-perspective with a joystick. In several trials, participants learn to reach the platform. The better participants learn, the faster they reach the platform and the shorter is the path they used.

    In the last trial, participants do not get to know whether they reached the platform. The time (sec) spent in the right quadrant, is the outcome measurement, used to determine visuospatial memory.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-65 years
  • Depressed male and female patients according to DSM-V & minimum of 17-items Hamilton Depression Score of 18
  • healthy controls
  • informed consent signed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, or mood stabilizer
  • Relevant medical or neurological disorders
  • Pregnancy or unsure contraception
  • Relevant psychiatric comorbidity (bipolar or psychotic disorders)
  • Active alcohol or other substance abuse/dependance

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03062150

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Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Berlin, Germany, 12203
Sponsors and Collaborators
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
NeuroCure Clinical Research Center, Charite, Berlin
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Principal Investigator: Christian Otte, MD Charité University Medical Center Berlin, Dept. of Psychiatry
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. Christian Otte, Professor of Psychiatry, Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03062150    
Other Study ID Numbers: OT 209/7-1
2014-005239-15 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 23, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 23, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Anti-Infective Agents
Renal Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents