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Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Oral Treprostinil in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) Associated With Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03055234
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Business decision)
First Posted : February 16, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 11, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
United Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter, randomized (2:1; oral treprostinil:placebo), double-blind, placebo-controlled event-driven (time to pulmonary hypertension [PH] clinical worsening) study in subjects with PH associated with sickle cell disease (SCD). Once enrolled, subjects will be evaluated at Weeks 6, 12, 24, and then every 12 weeks for the duration of the study. Subjects will be permitted to enter a 48-week open-label extension period if they experience a PH clinical worsening event.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With Sickle Cell Disease Drug: Oral Treprostinil Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Oral Treprostinil in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With Sickle Cell Disease
Estimated Study Start Date : June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oral Treprostinil
Extended-release oral tablet for three times daily (TID) administration
Drug: Oral Treprostinil
Extended-release oral tablet for TID administration

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo (sugar pill) for TID administration
Drug: Placebo
Matching placebo for TID administration

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on time to first adjudicated PH clinical worsening (morbidity or mortality) event in subjects with PH associated with SCD [ Time Frame: Baseline until the first adjudicated PH clinical worsening event, assessed up to approximately 4 years ]
    Clinical worsening is defined as the occurrence of any 1 of the following events: hospitalization related to PH and/or right heart failure, initiation of an infused prostacyclin to treat worsening PH, decrease in 6-Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) >15% from Baseline directly related to disease under study.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on exercise capacity as assessed by 6-Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
  2. Effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on combined 6MWD/Borg dyspnea score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
  3. Effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on Borg dyspnea score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
  4. Effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on N-Terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
  5. Effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on maximal tricuspid regurgitant velocity (TRV) assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The subject must have a diagnosis of SCD confirmed by hemoglobin electrophoresis.
  2. The subject has a diagnosis of symptomatic World Health Organization (WHO) Group 5.1 chronic hemolytic anemia PH.
  3. The subject must have a Baseline 6MWD greater than 150 meters, in the absence of a concurrent injury, illness, or other confounding factor.
  4. The subject has pulmonary function tests conducted within 6 months of Screening or during the Screening period.
  5. The subject must be on stable doses of other medical therapy for at least 30 days prior to randomization with no dose adjustments, additions, or discontinuations.
  6. The subject must be optimally treated with conventional PH therapy for at least 10 days prior to randomization with no additions, discontinuations, or dose changes.
  7. Subjects receiving an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) must have been receiving therapy for greater than 90 days, and have reached and maintained a stable dose for a minimum of 30 days prior to randomization.
  8. Subjects receiving calcium channel blockers must have been on a stable dose for a minimum of 3 months prior to randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The subject is pregnant or lactating.
  2. The subject has previously received oral treprostinil or is receiving a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5-I).
  3. The subject has received a prostacyclin within 30 days prior to start of the study, or had previous intolerance or significant lack of efficacy to any prostacyclin or prostacyclin analogue that resulted in discontinuation or inability to titrate that therapy effectively.
  4. The subject has had any other background conventional therapies for PH added, removed, or doses adjusted within 10 days prior to randomization.
  5. The subject has any disease associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
  6. The subject has had a vaso-occlusive crisis, acute chest syndrome event, or unscheduled transfusion within 30 days of randomization.
  7. The subject has a history of ischemic heart disease, including a previous myocardial infarction or symptomatic coronary artery disease, within 6 months prior to Screening or a left ventricular ejection fraction less than 40% assessed by either multigated angiogram (MUGA), angiography, or echocardiogram.
  8. The subject has alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels 3 times or greater than the upper limit of normal, clinically significant liver disease/dysfunction, or known Child-Pugh Class B or C hepatic disease at Screening.
  9. The subject has chronic renal insufficiency, as defined by the requirement for dialysis.
  10. The subject has a musculoskeletal disorder, any disease that is likely to limit ambulation, or is connected to a machine that is not portable.
  11. The subject has an unstable psychiatric condition or is mentally incapable of understanding the objectives, nature, or consequences of the study, or has any condition which in the Investigator's opinion would constitute an unacceptable risk to the subject's safety.
  12. The subject is receiving an investigational drug, has an investigational device in place, or has participated in an investigational drug or device study within 30 days prior to Screening.
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Responsible Party: United Therapeutics Identifier: NCT03055234    
Other Study ID Numbers: TDE-SC-301
First Posted: February 16, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 11, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by United Therapeutics:
Oral treprostinil
6-Minute Walk Distance
sickle cell
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypertension, Pulmonary
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Antihypertensive Agents