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Proof of Concept Study To Evaluate the Efficacy and Justification Of OBV/PTV/r and DSV In Adults With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 2K/1B

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03050905
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AbbVie
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
HaEmek Medical Center, Israel

Brief Summary:

HCV infection is one of the most prevalent etiologies for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV is highly heterogeneous, with seven confirmed major genotypes. Each genotype displays a different geographic distribution.

Since different HCV genotypes react differently on available antiviral therapies, the correct identification of HCV genotype serves as a marker of responsiveness and an indicator for duration of treatment.

The recombinant HCV genotype 2k/1b was first described in Saint Petersburg in 2002.

A sequencing strategy led to the detection of HCV genotype 2k/1b. However, clinical laboratories often use the VERSANT HCV Genotype 2.0 Assay for routine HCV genotyping. This assay may potentially misclassify these HCV strains as genotype 2a/2c. Based on these findings, the number of patients with 2k/1b may be underestimated.

AbbVie's IFN-free regimen for the treatment of chronic HCV genotype 1b infection includes 3 DAAs with distinct mechanisms of action and non-overlapping resistance pattern to target HCV proteins essential for viral replication. The high efficacy of the 3D regimen was proven in registration clinical trials and RW for 1b population.

3D regimen has not been evaluated for patients with HCV genotype 2K/1B. Primary Objective

• Evaluate the efficacy of ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir and dasabuvir (3D) in an interferon-free treatment regimen as assessed by SVR in adult patients with HCV 2k/1b.

Study Design:

.The study will include 1 group. Patients with HCV GT 2k1b will be treated according to label recommendation as for GT1b (with and without cirrhosis) for 12 weeks. All subjects will receive Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir and Dasabuvir. Subjects will be assessed for antiviral response, clinical outcomes, patient reported adverse events and presence and emergence of resistance associated variants. Subjects will be followed for up to 12 weeks of treatment and extra 24 weeks of follow up. Scheduled visits will include: physician assessment and blood tests including HCV resistance mutations.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HCV Coinfection Drug: VEKIRAX Drug: EXVIERA Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Study Procedures:

Initial screening period:

HCV GT2K/1B -infected subjects who will be meeting eligibility criteria, will provide written informed consent, perform baseline RAS testing and will be enrolled to the study.

Baseline period:

On day 0, all patients will be assessed by a general physical examination, blood and urine tests including HCV resistance mutations (elaborated in the budget file), Fibroscan or SHEAR WAVE Elastography and abdominal ultrasound. After the initial assessment all included will be allocated for treatment.

Study configuration:

The study will include 1 group of patients infected GT 2k1b. Patients will be treated according to label recommendation for GT1b (with and without cirrhosis) for 12 weeks. All subjects will receive Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir and Dasabuvir. Scheduled visits will take place in 0, 4, 12 and 24 weeks for all patients.

All visits will include: physician assessment and blood tests as elaborated in the Study Flowchart. Subjects will be assessed for antiviral response, clinical outcomes, patient reported adverse events and presence and emergence of resistance associated variants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Proof of Concept Study To Evaluate the Efficacy and Justification Of OBV/PTV/r and DSV In Adults With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection Genotype 2K/1B- NINJA Study
Actual Study Start Date : June 22, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 16, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 28, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment
The study will include 1 group. Patients will be treated according to label recommendation as for GT1b (with and without cirrhosis) for 12 weeks. All subjects will receive Ombitasvir+Paritaprevir+Ritonavir (VEKIRAX) and Dasabuvir (EXVIERA).
Drug: VEKIRAX

Patients will be treated according to label recommendation as for GT1b (with and without cirrhosis) for 12 weeks. All subjects will receive Ombitasvir+Paritaprevir+Ritonavir (Viekirax).

Study Regimen: ombitasvir+paritaprevir+ritonavir (25+150+100mg once daily)

Other Name: Ombitasvir+Paritaprevir+Ritonavir

Drug: EXVIERA

Patients will be treated according to label recommendation as for GT1b (with and without cirrhosis) for 12 weeks. All subjects will receive Dasabuvir (Exviera).

Study Regimen: dasabuvir (250 mg twice daily)

Other Name: Dasabuvir




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The percentage of patients achieving SVR12 (single last HCV RNA <12 IU/mL 12 weeks after the last actual dose of the ABBVIE regimen) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks post treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety: absolute and relative numbers of discontinuations, AE and SAEs (Number of Participants With Adverse Events That Are Related to Treatment). [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
  2. Resistance Associated Substitute (RAS): The percentage of patients with the presence of RAS's- at baseline and at post-treatment weak 12. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks post treatment ]
  3. Time of virologic failure using population sequencing; SVR12 rate [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
  4. Time of virologic failure using population sequencing; presence of BL RAS's. [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older
  • Male and female
  • HCV Genotype 2K/1B (P/R experienced or naïve; non-cirrhotic/ Comp. cirrhotic CP-A 5)
  • Capable to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Could not remain in the study for 36 weeks
  • Co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or HBV
  • Severe renal impairment (calculated creatinine clearance <30 mL/min )
  • Evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
  • Severe concurrent disease
  • Pregnant, lactating, expecting to conceive or donate eggs or male participant with pregnant female partner
  • DAA treatment experienced
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within 6 months prior enrolment - positive result of a urine drug screen at the screening visit and a positive result on the alcohol consumption questioner.
  • Evidence or history of chronic liver disease not caused by HCV Participants currently enrolled in an HCV-related research protocol OR currently receiving HCV treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03050905


Locations
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Israel
Haemek medical center
Afula, Israel
Sponsors and Collaborators
HaEmek Medical Center, Israel
AbbVie
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Responsible Party: HaEmek Medical Center, Israel
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03050905    
Other Study ID Numbers: NINJA Study - 11227
First Posted: February 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coinfection
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepatitis, Chronic
Infection
Parasitic Diseases
Ritonavir
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors