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Hypertension in Long-Term Care Facilities

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03046420
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 27, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Erwin A. Aguilar, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans

Brief Summary:

This study is exploratory in nature and seeks to describe hypertension diagnosis and management among patients in long-term care (LTC) facilities.

Specifically, the primary objective is to:

• Identify LTC patients who are diagnosed with hypertension and assess the management and different outcomes of proper control of BP regarding to incidence of falls, cognitive decline, kidney diseases, cardiovascular diseases and incidence of cerebrovascular accidents

The secondary objectives are to:

Describe treatment patterns of hypertension in LTC facilities

  • Identify patients who are receiving non-pharmacological treatment and effectiveness of this modality of treatment.
  • Identify different classes of drugs used to treat hypertension in patients staying at LTC facility
  • Identify different drug adverse effects encountered by patients receiving medical treatment.
  • Identify patients who achieved normal blood pressure according to current guidelines

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Hypertension Other: Chart review

Detailed Description:

Isolated systolic hypertension is more common in elderly than younger adults. Also blood pressure (BP) in elderly tends to be very high, difficult to treat. Many studies are done to understand the mechanism of hypertension in older adults, most of them concluded that the main mechanisms are chronic inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Hypertension is often called a "silent killer" and it is a major high risk factor of heart, chronic kidney and cerebrovascular diseases . Systolic BP (SBP) gradually increases from early adulthood to old age, whilst diastolic BP (DBP) increases until around 50 years of age then reaches a plateau before decreasing again , causing widening of pulse pressure, and elevated blood pressure known as Isolated Systolic Hypertension (ISH).

There is a general consensus across international guidelines for a recommended target BP of SBP ≤ 140 mmHg and DBP≤90 mmHg for the general adult population without diabetes mellitus (DM) however the treatment of hypertension in the elderly requires further clarification and further studies as many international guidelines are inconsistent in providing recommendation on optimal BP for both initiation ant of therapy ad for treatment in the elderly due to the limited outcome date form randomized controlled trials (RCT) in this population .

The American Heart Association recommendations to initiate treatment starting with lifestyle changes and then medication if necessary at 140/90 mmHg until age 80, then at 150/90 mmHg for adults ˃ 80 years old '

The 2014 Joint National Committee's eights report (JNC 8) recommends that in general population aged ≥60 years, to initiate pharmacologic treatment to lower BP at systolic BP (SBP) ≥150 mm Hg or diastolic BP (DBP) ≥90 mm Hg and treat to a goal SBP<150 mm Hg and goal DBP <90 mm Hg . However Reisin et al published a commentary on JNC 8 disagreeing with it, having a concern that increasing the SBP level requiring treatment in those ≥60 years old to ≥150/≥90 mmHg may adversely affect renal function.

As Per the European society of Cardiology and the European Society of Hypertension: in elderly patients drug treatment is recommended when systolic BP is ≥160 mmHg, or ≥140 mmHg if younger than 80 years and treatment is well tolerated. It is not recommended to initiate antihypertensive treatment at high normal BP and in younger patients with isolated systolic hypertension.

As per 2011 NICE guidelines the aim for target average blood pressure is <135/85 mmHg for People <80 years old and <145/85mmHg for people ≥80 years .


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 139 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Hypertension Prevalence, Treatment Patterns and Outcomes in Long-Term Care Facilities
Actual Study Start Date : January 26, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : June 25, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Nursing Homes


Intervention Details:
  • Other: Chart review
    This is a retrospective chart review study. The charts of patients who meet the inclusion criteria will be abstracted into a standardized electronic case report form, as described in Section 5. A standardized case report form for each patient will be created so as to collect uniform data. Charts data for one year back to the start date of data abstraction will be included in the study


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Management of Hypertension [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    outcomes of proper control of blood pressure regarding to incidence of falls, cognitive decline, kidney diseases, cardiovascular diseases and incidence of cerebrovascular accidents



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The study population will consist of patients residing at a LTC facility affiliated with Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans (LSUHSC-NO) at the start of data collection for a minimum of three months period. Chart and claims data will be collected retrospectively back to one year from date of the start date of data abstraction.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Being diagnosed with hypertension
  • Be ≥ 60 years of age
  • Stays at the LTC facility for at least 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients under age of 60 Patients without diagnosis of hypertension Terminally ill patients and hospice patients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03046420


Locations
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United States, Louisiana
LSU Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Sponsors and Collaborators
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Erwin Aguilar, PharmD, MPH LSU Health Sciences Center in New Orleans

Publications:
Mancia G, Fagard R, Narkiewicz K, Redon J, Zanchetti A, Böhm M, Christiaens T, Cifkova R, De Backer G, Dominiczak A, Galderisi M, Grobbee DE, Jaarsma T, Kirchhof P, Kjeldsen SE, Laurent S, Manolis AJ, Nilsson PM, Ruilope LM, Schmieder RE, Sirnes PA, Sleight P, Viigimaa M, Waeber B, Zannad F, Redon J, Dominiczak A, Narkiewicz K, Nilsson PM, Burnier M, Viigimaa M, Ambrosioni E, Caufield M, Coca A, Olsen MH, Schmieder RE, Tsioufis C, van de Borne P, Zamorano JL, Achenbach S, Baumgartner H, Bax JJ, Bueno H, Dean V, Deaton C, Erol C, Fagard R, Ferrari R, Hasdai D, Hoes AW, Kirchhof P, Knuuti J, Kolh P, Lancellotti P, Linhart A, Nihoyannopoulos P, Piepoli MF, Ponikowski P, Sirnes PA, Tamargo JL, Tendera M, Torbicki A, Wijns W, Windecker S, Clement DL, Coca A, Gillebert TC, Tendera M, Rosei EA, Ambrosioni E, Anker SD, Bauersachs J, Hitij JB, Caulfield M, De Buyzere M, De Geest S, Derumeaux GA, Erdine S, Farsang C, Funck-Brentano C, Gerc V, Germano G, Gielen S, Haller H, Hoes AW, Jordan J, Kahan T, Komajda M, Lovic D, Mahrholdt H, Olsen MH, Ostergren J, Parati G, Perk J, Polonia J, Popescu BA, Reiner Z, Rydén L, Sirenko Y, Stanton A, Struijker-Boudier H, Tsioufis C, van de Borne P, Vlachopoulos C, Volpe M, Wood DA. 2013 ESH/ESC guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: the Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 2013 Jul;34(28):2159-219. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/eht151. Epub 2013 Jun 14.
Dasgupta K, Quinn RR, Zarnke KB, Rabi DM, Ravani P, Daskalopoulou SS, Rabkin SW, Trudeau L, Feldman RD, Cloutier L, Prebtani A, Herman RJ, Bacon SL, Gilbert RE, Ruzicka M, McKay DW, Campbell TS, Grover S, Honos G, Schiffrin EL, Bolli P, Wilson TW, Lindsay P, Hill MD, Coutts SB, Gubitz G, Gelfer M, Vallée M, Prasad GV, Lebel M, McLean D, Arnold JM, Moe GW, Howlett JG, Boulanger JM, Larochelle P, Leiter LA, Jones C, Ogilvie RI, Woo V, Kaczorowski J, Burns KD, Petrella RJ, Hiremath S, Milot A, Stone JA, Drouin D, Lavoie KL, Lamarre-Cliche M, Tremblay G, Hamet P, Fodor G, Carruthers SG, Pylypchuk GB, Burgess E, Lewanczuk R, Dresser GK, Penner SB, Hegele RA, McFarlane PA, Khara M, Pipe A, Oh P, Selby P, Sharma M, Reid DJ, Tobe SW, Padwal RS, Poirier L; Canadian Hypertension Education Program. The 2014 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for blood pressure measurement, diagnosis, assessment of risk, prevention, and treatment of hypertension. Can J Cardiol. 2014 May;30(5):485-501. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2014.02.002. Epub 2014 Feb 22. Review.
Heidenreich PA, Trogdon JG, Khavjou OA, Butler J, Dracup K, Ezekowitz MD, Finkelstein EA, Hong Y, Johnston SC, Khera A, Lloyd-Jones DM, Nelson SA, Nichol G, Orenstein D, Wilson PW, Woo YJ; American Heart Association Advocacy Coordinating Committee; Stroke Council; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Arteriosclerosis; Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; Council on Cardiopulmonary; Critical Care; Perioperative and Resuscitation; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; Council on the Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease; Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Forecasting the future of cardiovascular disease in the United States: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011 Mar 1;123(8):933-44. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e31820a55f5. Epub 2011 Jan 24.

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Responsible Party: Erwin A. Aguilar, Associate Professor, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03046420     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LSUIRB 9571
First Posted: February 8, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 27, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases