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Trial record 92 of 1297 for:    survival | Neuroendocrine Tumors

Study to Evaluate the Safety of Combining Two Radionuclide Therapies to Treat Mid-gut Neuroendocrine Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03044977
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Bushnell, University of Iowa

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to identify the best tolerated doses of [131]Iodine-MIBG and [90]Yttrium-DOTATOC when co-administered to treat midgut neuroendocrine tumors. These drugs (131I-MIBG, 90Y-DOTATOC) are radioactive drugs, known as radionuclide therapy. Currently, the safest and best tolerated doses of these drugs (when combined together) is unknown.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroendocrine Tumor, Malignant Neuroendocrine Tumor Gastrointestinal, Hormone-Secreting Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide Drug: 131I-MIBG Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

[131]Iodine-MIBG and [90]Yttrium-DOTATOC are radioactive drugs designed to treat specific tumor cells. These drugs are a combination of the radiation (131-Iodine, 90-Yttrium) and a protein that targets the tumor cell (MIBG or DOTATOC). Because these proteins are attracted to, and stick to, the tumor, the radiation is centered in the tumors. This kills more tumor cells and minimizes radiation-damage to healthy tissues, like the heart and lungs.

Two organs still absorb some of the radiation, though: bone marrow and the kidney. These organs limit how much radiation can be given to tumors, but we don't know how much radiation is too much. Too much radiation to bone marrow can result in anemia. Too much radiation to the kidneys can result in kidney failure. From prior radiation therapies, we have a general idea of how much radiation we can give safely.

131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC have never been given together. We want to give them together because many times, tumors are actually groups of different types of cells. This means, not all the cells respond to therapy the same way. If some tumor cells survive therapy, the tumor will continue to grow and eventually come back. We know some mid-gut neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have targets for DOTATOC and some other mid-gut NETs have targets for MIBG. We also have now identified that some people with mid-gut NETs have different tumors: some with targets for MIBG and some with targets for DOTATOC. For these people, this means treating only with 131I-MIBG or 90Y-DOTATOC will not be enough to treat their cancer. They need both radioactive drugs.

Because we are combining these radioactive drugs, this study is known as a first-in-man study. We are also using a special imaging to help us estimate the radiation dose to the bone marrow and to the kidneys. This is what decides the final dose of 131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC.

Before receiving therapy, participants will be asked to undergo imaging to verify they have both MIBG and DOTATOC tumor types:

  • participants are given very small doses of radioactive drugs
  • a special camera (SPECT/CT) collects images (scans)
  • imaging (scans) are done over 3 calendar days
  • blood samples are taken at that time, too, to measure the circulating amount of tracer doses

If the scans show a participant has both MIBG and DOTATOC tumors, therapy is given:

  • a customized dose of 90Y-DOTATOC is given on day 1 of a treatment cycle. This is given outpatient.
  • a customized dose of 131I-MIBG is given on day 2 of a treatment cycle. This is given inpatient (admitted to the hospital).
  • participants are monitored through blood tests to identify the side effects of therapy.

Each participant can have up to 2 cycles of therapy. The cycles are 12 weeks apart.

The doses for 90Y-DOTATOC and 131I-MIBG are decided based on radiation to the bone marrow and radiation to the kidney. Doses are decided by how well other participants have done on this study.

Participants have life long follow-up for this study. This is very important, because a study like this has not been done.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: dose-escalation design
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1 Trial Using 131I MIBG and 90Y DOTATOC in a Dosimetrically Determined Optimal Combination for Therapy of Selected Patients With Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors.
Actual Study Start Date : May 7, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1

This is the initial treatment arm. 131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 150 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 1900 centiGray (cGy)

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort 2

This treatment arm is opened if Cohort 1 is successful. 131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 200 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 2300 centiGray (cGy)

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort 3

This treatment arm is opened if Cohort 2 is successful. 131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 250 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 2300 centiGray (cGy)

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort -1 (alternative cohort)

This treatment arm is opened if Cohort 1 is not tolerated.

131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 100 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 1500 centiGray (cGy)

No further dose evaluations are done after this cohort is completed.

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort 2.1 (renal alternative)

This treatment arm is opened if the kidney radiation exposure was not tolerated in cohort 2.

131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 200 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 1500 centiGray (cGy)

No further dose evaluations are done after this cohort is completed.

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort 2.2 (bone marrow alternative)

This treatment arm is opened if the kidney radiation exposure was not tolerated in cohort 2.

131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 100 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 2300 centiGray (cGy)

No further dose evaluations are done after this cohort is completed.

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort 3.1 (renal alternative)

This treatment arm is opened if the kidney radiation exposure was not tolerated in cohort 3.

131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 250 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 1900 centiGray (cGy)

No further dose evaluations are done after this cohort is completed.

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.

Experimental: Cohort 3.2 (bone marrow alternative)

This treatment arm is opened if the kidney radiation exposure was not tolerated in cohort 2.

131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC are administered once per cycle, for up to 2 cycles 12 weeks apart.

Radiation exposure to the bone marrow is limited to 150 centiGray (cGy) Radiation exposure to the kidneys is limited to 2300 centiGray (cGy)

No further dose evaluations are done after this cohort is completed.

Drug: 90Y-DOTA-3-Tyr-Octreotide
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Yttrium-90 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.
Other Name: 90Y DOTATOC

Drug: 131I-MIBG
Peptide receptor radiotherapy (PRRT) using Iodine-131 as the active radionuclide. For intravenous administration only.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. glomular filtration rate (eGFR) [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks after each treatment, then at 3, 6, & 9 months after the last treatment ]
    Evaluate renal toxicity using eGFR measurement

  2. urine protein [ Time Frame: Monthly beginning 4 weeks after the first treatment through 6 months after the last treatment ]
    Evaluate renal toxicity using urine protein measurement

  3. platelet count decreased [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 after each therapy and then 3, 6, & 12 months after the last treatment ]
    Evaluate bone marrow toxicity using platelet counts

  4. absolute neutrophil count decreased [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 after each therapy and then 3, 6, & 12 months after the last treatment ]
    Evaluate bone marrow toxicity using absolute neutrophil count


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Every 6 months for up to 5 years ]
    From day 1 of therapy to documented disease progression in CT or MRI as per RECIST criteria

  2. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    From start of treatment (cycle 1, day 1) until the date of death from any cause.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

A 2-step eligibility is utilized for this study.

STEP 1:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to provide informed consent.
  • A pathologically confirmed (histology or cytology) malignant neoplasm that is determined to be well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (i.e. grade 1 or grade 2). The primary tumor location should be known or believed to be midgut, or pheochromocytoma, or paraganglioma.
  • Disease not amenable to curative intent treatment (primarily surgery) and in addition has shown either clinical or radiographic progression on all available (non-radionuclidic) therapies known to confer clinical benefit.
  • SSTR positive sites as demonstrated by either SSTR2 positivity (2+ or 3+ intensity and greater than 10% tumor cell occupying the receptors) or a nuclear medicine scan utilizing 111In-DTPA-Phe3-Octreotide (Octreoscan™) or 68Ga-DOTA-tyr3-Octreotide within 12 months prior to anticipated C1D1 demonstrating SSTR positive tumor sites
  • ≥1 tumor site must have demonstrated uptake equal to or greater than normal liver as documented by nuclear scan imaging
  • ≥1 evaluable site of disease measuring ≥ 1.5 cm in diameter on CT or MRI as measured per RECIST
  • ≥ 18 to 70 years at the time of study drug administration.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status at least 70%
  • Agrees to contraception.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Patients who are considered a fall risk.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Surgery, radiation or chemotherapy within 4 weeks of proposed step 1 start date.
  • Prior peptide-receptor radiotherapy (PRRT).
  • Investigational drug within 4 weeks of proposed step 1 start date.
  • More than one concurrent, malignant disease.
  • History of congestive heart failure and cardiac ejection fraction ≤ 40%.
  • Patients for whom, in the opinion of their physician, a 24-hour discontinuation of somatostatin analogue therapy represents a health risk.
  • Patients who are unable to discontinue medications known to affect MIBG uptake
  • Proteinuria, grade 2 (i.e., ≥ 2+proteinuria).
  • Long-acting somatostatin analogue treatment within 14 days of proposed step 1 start date.
  • Prior external beam radiation involving kidneys (scatter doses of < 500 cGy to a single kidney or radiation to < 50% of a single kidney is acceptable).
  • Prior external beam radiation (including brachytherapy) involving 25% of bone marrow (excluding scatter doses of ≤ 5 Gy).
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to 90Y-DOTA-tyr3-Octreotide, Octreoscan®, 68Ga-Octreotide, or 131I-MIBG.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

If a subject meets STEP 1 criteria, a serial SPECT scan is performed for dosimetry. Step 2 criteria must be met and verified prior to therapy initiation.

STEP 2:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must demonstrate at least one of the following:

    • One or more MIBG+ and DOTATOC- tumors in addition to one or more DOTATOC+ tumors, and/or,
    • One or more tumor sites where the calculated "safe" radiation tumor dose is higher by at least 25% with a combination of 131I-MIBG and 90Y-DOTATOC than it is with 90Y DOTATOC alone, or,
  • Within 2 weeks of study drug administration for therapeutic intent, patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • absolute neutrophil count ≥ 2000 cells/mm3
    • platelets ≥100,000 cells/mm3
    • total bilirubin <1.5 x institutional ULN for age and weight
    • AST(SGOT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional ULN
    • ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional ULN
    • eGFR ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73 m2 (Cockroft Gault formula)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03044977


Locations
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United States, Iowa
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Sponsors and Collaborators
David Bushnell
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
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Study Chair: David Bushnell, MD University of Iowa

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: David Bushnell, Professor, University of Iowa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03044977     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201608857
P50CA174521-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Information will be distributed via clinicaltrials.gov and shared as per the filed NIH data sharing plan
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Typically, after completion of study
Access Criteria: A data sharing agreement will need to be filed for sharing the individual participant data. A contract may be required.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by David Bushnell, University of Iowa:
3-Iodobenzylguanidine
dose-response relationship, radiation
theranostic
radionuclide
MIBG
DOTA

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Octreotide
Edotreotide
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Radiopharmaceuticals
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action