Children's Taste Study to Increase Vegetable Intake in Preschoolers (CTS)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03043118|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 3, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 14, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Pediatric Obesity||Other: Variety Intervention||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||48 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study to Test the Influence of Vegetable Flavor Variety Using Herbs and Spices on Preschool Children's Vegetable Intake|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2, 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2, 2016|
Children receive three servings of vegetables each prepared with a different herb and spice blend.
Other: Variety Intervention
Vegetable flavor variety created with multiple herb and spice blends
No Intervention: No Variety - Control
Children receive three servings of vegetables each prepared with the same herb and spice blend.
- Chang in Vegetable Intake [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 week ]Consumption is measured by pre- and post- weights of carrot offered in both the variety and no variety conditions
- Change in Total Food Intake [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 week ]Consumption is measured by pre- and post- weights of all meal items offered in both the variety and no variety conditions
- Change in Meal Energy Density [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 week ]Calculated from the total calories consumed divided by the grams of food eaten
- Spice Intake Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A survey of maternally reported herb and spice consumption during pregnancy and breastfeeding as well as current home use
- Home Spice Checklist [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A comprehensive checklist of 34 herbs and spices for parents to fill out at home to evaluate children's overall herb and spice exposure
- Infant Feeding Practices [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A survey of maternally reported feeding practices, include breastfeeding, formula feeding, and introduction to solid foods.
- Liking of Broccoli with Herbs and Spices [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Liking is measured using a child friendly 5-pt hedonic scale; pilot data for future studies looking to apply this technique to green vegetables
- Liking of Carrots with Herb and Spice Blends [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Liking is measured using a child friendly 5-pt hedonic scale
- Age [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Age of the participant on visit 1
- Height [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Height measured in cm on a stadiometer
- Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Weight measured to the 0.1 pounds using a digital scale
- 6-n-propylthiourcacil Sensitivity [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Children switch and spit a 56 umol solution of 6-n-propylthiouracil and are classified as tasters if it described as "bitter" or "yucky" and non-tasters if it's described as "nothing" or "like water".
- Body Mass Index [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Calculated from height and weight (kg/m^2)
- Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A validated parent-reported questionnaire on children's typical eating behaviors and attitudes toward foods
- Preschool Adjusted Liking Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A questionnaire to assess children's liking of various common foods and daily activities.
- Family Demographics [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A parent-reported questionnaire
- Parental Feeding Practices [ Time Frame: Baseline ]A parent-reported questionnaire on typical feeding practices
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03043118
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|The Pennsylvania State University|
|University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, 16802|
|Principal Investigator:||Kathleen L Keller, Ph.D.||The Pennsylvania State University|