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Tailored Self-Management of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) Using Health Information Technology (TMDPACT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03036215
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 30, 2017
Results First Posted : June 15, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
HealthPartners Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this pilot project is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of proposed methods for a subsequent clinical trial of a tailored self-management program (PACT) designed to decrease pain in participants with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The PACT program is a personalized program of exercise and behavioral changes implemented through a web-based program supported by a health coach. For this feasibility and acceptability study, 80 adults with TMD pain will be randomized either to the PACT program or to traditional self-care.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome Behavioral: PACT Experimental Arm Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The primary study objectives of the PACT study are two-fold:

  1. Evaluate the feasibility of methods to conduct a full-scale multi-site randomized clinical trial comparing PACT self-management with traditional self-care for TMD. The study will also evaluate strategies to: identify, recruit, consent, and enroll eligible subjects into both groups meeting target goal; evaluate adherence to intervention and identification of barriers; evaluate adherence to outcomes assessment, and evaluate the on-line web-site functionality and acceptability.
  2. To demonstrate ability to accurately capture outcome measures to be used in the multi-site study.

Primary study objective: Recruitment is measured through achievement of target sample, number of patients identified that meet eligibility criteria, and number (%) of subjects consenting compared with total contacted.

Intervention adherence is measured by: number of participants enrolled in both groups, number of participants accessing on-line materials, completion of practice logs, and identification of self-reported barriers of participation in self-care. Outcome adherence is measured by the number of participants who complete the baseline assessment, complete the two and four month follow-up assessments, complete the program evaluation, and complete qualitative post-study interview. Website acceptability is measure by identification of problems and barriers during use and quality and ease of use at the post-intervention evaluation.

Second objective: Efficacy of the program is measured by self-reported outcome assessments. The primary outcomes include TMD symptoms, jaw functioning, and emotional functioning. Secondary outcomes measures include symptom severity with the temporal aspects of pain, pain interference, and patient ratings of improvement. Additional information on mediators and modifiers will also be gathered to help inform the how and why the intervention has an effect. Mediators will be measured to identify factors that help explain why PACT may have an effect including self-efficacy, patient activation, exercise level, sleep quality, and social support. Contextual process factors to identify in whom the intervention does and does not work include disability status, catastrophizing, depression, repetitive strain from oral habits, and perceived stress.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The pilot study design is a 2-arm randomized clinical trial to test the methods that will be used in a future proposal for a full-scale multi-site clinical trial. The two aims include: 1) evaluate the feasibility of methods to conduct a full-scale multi-site randomized clinical trial comparing the PACT self-management with usual self-care for TMD and, 2) estimate the parameters needed to plan for a larger multi-site trial including the effect size and standard deviation for primary outcomes of pain and function. A traditional self-care control arm is added to determine the acceptability of randomization and the feasibility of collecting baseline and follow-up data from a traditional care control arm for the full-scale study.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Tailored Self-Management of TMD Pain Using Health Information Technology
Actual Study Start Date : May 8, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 9, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 9, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Traditional Self-Care Control Arm
Traditional self-care includes focusing on rest and healing through changes in chewing, diet, heat/cold, over the counter analgesics, and reducing strain from oral and sleeping habits. Participants will also participate in usual care from the dentist such as a splint or anti-inflammatory medications. Participants will complete follow-up measures at 8-weeks (post-intervention) and at 16-weeks (2 months after program end). .
Experimental: PACT Experimental Arm
If selected for the PACT care arm, participant will be prompted to complete a self-management program, entitled Personalized Activated Care and Training (PACT) that is a tailored 8-week progressive web-based training program supported by a health coach to enhance understanding, compliance, and success in improving TMD pain. Participant will also participate in usual care from the dentist such as a splint or anti- inflammatory medications.Participant will complete follow-up measures at 8-weeks (post-intervention) and at 16-weeks (2 months after program end).
Behavioral: PACT Experimental Arm
The study will employ a self-management program, entitled Personalized Activated Care and Training (PACT) that is a tailored 8-week progressive web-based training program supported by a health coach to enhance understanding, compliance, and success in improving TMD pain. The program provides 8 weeks of structured didactic and experiential training on exercises and cognitive- behavioral training to reduce risk factors that contribute to delayed recovery and enhance protective factors that have evidence of improving TMD pain.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessing Graded Chronic Pain Severity Evaluation Feasibility of the PACT Program [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 16 weeks post intervention ]
    Measure: Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS) with mean intensity ratings for reported current, worst, and average pain. 3 items: Scale 0-100 (100 most severe)

  2. Assessing Change in Jaw Functioning [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 16 weeks post intervention ]
    Jaw Functional Limitation Scale (JFLS-8) identifies daily activities interfered with by jaw pain - 8 items Scale 0-80 (80 more severe)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Graded Chronic Pain Interference [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 16 weeks post intervention ]
    Assessment of graded Chronic Pain Interference - Scale (0-100); 0 = lowest pain interference 100 = highest pain interference. If findings in negative values = improvement; positive values = worsening condition.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • In order to be eligible to participate in this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

    • Age 18 or older
    • Able and willing to access the internet on a regular basis
    • Able to read and speak English
    • Be willing to comply with all study procedures:

      1. Randomly assigned to either arm of the study
      2. Be available for the duration of the study
      3. Complete study data collection forms
      4. Reachable by phone and able to participate in weekly phone coaching calls if randomized to the PACT arm
    • Have a diagnosis of TMD pain using a self-report screener. These questions include;

      1. In the last 30 days, which of the following best describes any pain in your jaw or temple area on either side?
      2. In the last 30 days, have you had pain or stiffness in your jaw on awakening?
      3. In the last 30 days, did the following activities change any pain (that is, make it better or make it worse) in your jaw or temple area on either side? Chewing hard or tough food, Opening your mouth or moving your jaw forward or to the side, Jaw habits such as holding teeth together, clenching/grinding, or chewing gum, or other jaw activities such as talking, kissing, or yawning
    • Frequency of TMD pain more than once a week with pain in the past 6 months
    • Electronically sign an informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

  • An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:

    • Currently participating in any other TMD and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) related studies
    • Major disk disorder that requires opioids or surgery for TMD pain
    • Serious medical condition that might interfere with or prohibit participation in an online program or pregnancy
    • Treatment for a mental health disorder or substance abuse in the past six months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03036215


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
HealthPartners Clinic
Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, 55108
Sponsors and Collaborators
HealthPartners Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: James R. Fricton, DDS HealthPartners Institute
Principal Investigator: Robin R. Whitebird, PhD, MSW University of St Thomas , School of Social Work
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by HealthPartners Institute:
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 20, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 20, 2017
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] April 17, 2017


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Responsible Party: HealthPartners Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03036215     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5U01DE025609-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 30, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 15, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 15, 2018
Last Verified: January 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Joint Diseases
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Craniomandibular Disorders
Mandibular Diseases
Jaw Diseases
Muscular Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Myofascial Pain Syndromes