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Multiple Ascending Dose Study of Oxfendazole in Healthy Adult Volunteers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03035760
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 30, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
This Phase I study is an open label multiple ascending dose evaluation of the safety and PK of oxfendazole (3, 7.5, or 15 mg/kg) given orally daily to healthy adult men and nonpregnant women aged 18-45 followed by a single dose cross over trial evaluating the safety and pharmacokinetics of a single dose of oxfendazole (3 mg/kg) given following an 8 hour fast or following a high fat meal. The study duration will be approximately 12 months with each subject participation lasting approximately 6 weeks. In the multiple ascending dose evaluation, between 8 and 24 subjects will be enrolled; each dose group will be comprised of eight volunteers. To enhance safety, one sentinel subject will be dosed for five days and monitored for 7 days from the time of the first dose for predefined adverse events. If there are no predefined safety events, a second sentinel subject will be enrolled and followed for a total of 7 days. If there are no predefined safety signals identified for either of these two sentinel subjects, the remaining subjects in the group will be enrolled. After all eight subjects have completed the 10 day follow up period, an electronic safety review of the electronic data will be performed. If none of the predefined safety events have occurred DMID will approve enrollment into the second dose group (7.5 mg/kg oxfendazole daily x 5 days) and will be monitored for a total of 7 days each for predefined adverse events prior to enrolling the remaining subjects in the group. After the 10 day follow up period has been completed for group 2, an electronic safety review will be completed and if no predefined events have occurred two sequential subjects (one at a time with 7 days between each subject) will be enrolled into the third dose group (15 mg/kg oxfendazole daily x 5 days) and will be monitored for a total of 7 days each for predefined safety events prior to enrolling the remaining subjects in the group. In the food effects evaluation, 12 subjects will be enrolled into the single dose cross over group where half of the subjects will initially receive a single dose of 3 mg/kg of oxfendazole following an 8 hour fast and the other half will receive a single dose of 3 mg/kg of oxfendazole following a high fat meal. Subjects will then cross over to receive a single dose following a high fat breakfast or fasting period (water is permitted). All subjects will have received a dose of oxfendazole following both a fasting period and a meal. The primary objectives are: 1) To assess the safety of oxfendazole administered daily for five days; and 2) To assess the safety of oxfendazole administered as a single dose with or without food.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Helminthic Infection Drug: Oxfendazole Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This Phase I study is an open label multiple ascending dose evaluation of the safety and PK of oxfendazole (3, 7.5, or 15 mg/kg) given orally daily to healthy adult men and nonpregnant women aged 18-45 followed by a single dose cross over trial evaluating the safety and pharmacokinetics of a single dose of oxfendazole (3 mg/kg) given following an 8 hour fast or following a high fat meal. The study duration will be approximately 12 months with each subject participation lasting approximately 6 weeks. In the multiple ascending dose evaluation, between 8 and 24 subjects will be enrolled; each dose group will be comprised of eight volunteers. To enhance safety, one sentinel subject will be dosed for five days and monitored for 7 days from the time of the first dose for predefined adverse events. If there are no predefined safety events, a second sentinel subject will be enrolled and followed for a total of 7 days. If there are no predefined safety signals identified for either of these two sentinel subjects, the remaining subjects in the group will be enrolled. After all eight subjects have completed the 10 day follow up period, an electronic safety review of the electronic data will be performed. If none of the predefined safety events have occurred DMID will approve enrollment into the second dose group (7.5 mg/kg oxfendazole daily x 5 days) and will be monitored for a total of 7 days each for predefined adverse events prior to enrolling the remaining subjects in the group. After the 10 day follow up period has been completed for group 2, an electronic safety review will be completed and if no predefined events have occurred two sequential subjects (one at a time with 7 days between each subject) will be enrolled into the third dose group (15 mg/kg oxfendazole daily x 5 days) and will be monitored for a total of 7 days each for predefined safety events prior to enrolling the remaining subjects in the group. In the food effects evaluation, 12 subjects will be enrolled into the single dose cross over group where half of the subjects will initially receive a single dose of 3 mg/kg of oxfendazole following an 8 hour fast and the other half will receive a single dose of 3 mg/kg of oxfendazole following a high fat meal. Subjects will then cross over to receive a single dose following a high fat breakfast or fasting period (water is permitted). All subjects will have received a dose of oxfendazole following both a fasting period and a meal. The primary objectives are: 1) To assess the safety of oxfendazole administered daily for five days; and 2) To assess the safety of oxfendazole administered as a single dose with or without food. The secondary objectives are: 1) To define the multi-dose kinetics of oxfendazole; and 2) To determine the effect of food on the kinetics of oxfendazole.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Open Label, Multiple Ascending Dose Study of Oxfendazole in Healthy Adult Volunteers
Actual Study Start Date : May 12, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 21, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Oxfendazole

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
3 mg/kg orally once daily for 5 days (n = 8)
Drug: Oxfendazole
methyl-5 (6)-phenylsulfiyl-2-benzimidazole carbamate, is a broad spectrum benzimidazole antihelminthic. It is the sulphoxide metabolite of fenbendazole.

Experimental: 2
7.5 mg/kg orally once daily for 5 days (n = 8)
Drug: Oxfendazole
methyl-5 (6)-phenylsulfiyl-2-benzimidazole carbamate, is a broad spectrum benzimidazole antihelminthic. It is the sulphoxide metabolite of fenbendazole.

Experimental: 3
15 mg/kg orally once daily for 5 days (n = 8)
Drug: Oxfendazole
methyl-5 (6)-phenylsulfiyl-2-benzimidazole carbamate, is a broad spectrum benzimidazole antihelminthic. It is the sulphoxide metabolite of fenbendazole.

Experimental: 4
3 mg/kg orally, one dose received following a fast (n=6) or high fat meal (n=6) on Day 1 and crossed over to opposite arm to receive drug following high fat meal or fast on Day 8
Drug: Oxfendazole
methyl-5 (6)-phenylsulfiyl-2-benzimidazole carbamate, is a broad spectrum benzimidazole antihelminthic. It is the sulphoxide metabolite of fenbendazole.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The rate of adverse events (AEs) related to oxfendazole for arm 4 [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 14 ]
  2. The rate of adverse events (AEs) related to oxfendazole for arms 1, 2, and 3 [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 15 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Plasma AUC of oxfendazole for arm 4 [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 14 ]
  2. Plasma AUC of oxfendazole for arms 1, 2, and 3 [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 10 ]
  3. Plasma Cmax of oxfendazole for arms 1, 2, and 3 [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 10 ]
  4. Plasma Cmax of oxfendazolefor arm 4 [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 14 ]
  5. Plasma T1/2 of oxfendazole for arm 4 [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 14 ]
  6. Plasma T1/2 of oxfendazole for arms 1, 2, and 3 [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 10 ]
  7. Plasma Tmax of oxfendazole for arm 4 [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 14 ]
  8. Plasma Tmax of oxfendazole for arms 1, 2, and 3 [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 10 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males and nonpregnant females between the ages of 18 and 45 years, inclusive.
  2. Women of childbearing potential* must agree to practice adequate contraception** for the 28-day period before Day 0 through 4 months after the last dose of study medication.

    * A woman is considered of childbearing potential unless surgically sterile (tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy) or post-menopausal (=1 year).

    **Acceptable birth control methods include but are not limited to: abstinence from sexual intercourse with men; monogamous relationship with a vasectomized partner; double-barrier methods (condoms, diaphragms, spermicides); intrauterine devices; and licensed hormonal methods.

  3. In good health, as judged by the investigator and determined by vital signs*

    *Temperature < 38°C, heart rate <= 100 bpm and > 50 bpm, systolic blood pressure <= 140 mmHg and > 89 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure <= 90 mmHg and = 60 mm Hg, medical history and a targeted physical examination. BMI >= 18 and <= 35. Athletically trained subjects with a pulse >= 45 may be enrolled at the discretion of the principal investigator or designated licensed clinical investigator. Acceptable screening laboratories: Hemoglobin, white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil, and platelet counts, INR and PTT within normal ranges. AST < 44 and ALT < 44 and total bilirubin, creatinine must be equal to or below the upper limit of normal (creatinine values below the normal range are acceptable). Random blood glucose must be <140. Urine dipstick testing must be negative for glucose and negative or trace for protein. The following serology tests must be negative: HIV 1/2 antibody, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody. HIV and hepatitis C viral load PCR testing may be performed for individuals suspected of having indeterminate antibody testing.

  4. Male participants must be willing to ensure use of condoms and spermicides for 4 months after the last dose study medication.
  5. Provide written informed consent before initiation of any study procedures.
  6. Willing to be available for all study-required procedures, and visits for the duration of the study.
  7. Individuals must agree to abstain from drug or alcohol use for 48 hours prior to enrollment through day 10 or 14.
  8. Able to provide a home phone number, and the name, address, and/or email of a person willing to assist with making contact during the follow-up phase of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant women, women who are planning to become pregnant in the next 4 months, or women who are breastfeeding.
  2. Body temperature >=100.4°F (>=38.0°C) or acute illness within 3 days before administration of study drug (subject may be rescheduled).
  3. Chronic or acute medical disorder*

    • Disorders of the cardiac, pulmonary, liver, kidney, neurologic, gastrointestinal or other system, such that in the opinion of the investigator participation in the study creates additional risk to the subject, or to the validity of the study.
  4. Use of chronic systemic medications* *Intermittent use of over the counter medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, cold and sinus medications are permitted for enrollment Topical medications, nasal steroids are permitted throughout the study. Use of prescription medications used less than once per week on average are permitted for enrollment. If the subject has taken a short term prescription medication within the past 30 days (e.g. an antibiotic), they should be postponed from enrollment until 30 days have elapsed since the last dose.
  5. Has history of sensitivity to related benzimidazole compounds (e.g., albendazole, mebendazole).
  6. A diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disease, or history of hospitalization for a psychiatric condition or previous suicide attempt.
  7. A history of treatment for any other psychiatric disorder in the past 3 years.*

    *Past treatment for ADHD does not exclude participants from enrollment as long as the medications have been discontinued for a minimum of 3 months and symptoms are well controlled.

  8. Received an experimental agent* within 1 month before administration of study drug or expect to receive an experimental agent during the 10 or 14-day study period.

    *Vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication.

  9. Any condition that would, in the opinion of the investigator, interfere with the study.*

    *This includes any condition that would place them at an unacceptable risk of injury, render them unable to meet the requirements of the protocol, or that may interfere with successful completion of the study.

  10. A history of heavy alcohol* or illicit drug use**, or history of substance abuse#.

    *On average, greater than 7 alcoholic drinks per week. .

    **Other than occasional marijuana use (less than once per week for the past 60 days is acceptable).

    #Alcohol or illicit drugs within the past 3 years.

  11. History of chronic tobacco use in the past 60 days.* *A history of occasional tobacco use (less than 1 pack per week on average) is acceptable. Individuals will be counseled to abstain from use of tobacco and marijuana from screening through day 10 or 14.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03035760


Locations
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United States, Iowa
University of Iowa - Vaccine Research and Education Unit
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242-2600
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03035760     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-0005
HHSN272201300020I
First Posted: January 30, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2019
Last Verified: July 19, 2017

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Helminths
Oxfendazole
Pharmacokinetics
Safety

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Helminthiasis
Parasitic Diseases
Oxfendazole
Anthelmintics
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antinematodal Agents