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A Comparison of Testicular Volume and Blood Flow in Patients With Inguinal Hernia, Hydrocele, and Cord Cyst (IHR)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03033381
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 26, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Kocatepe University

Brief Summary:
Here, investigators aimed to evaluate the effect of inguinal operations performed with a modified Ferguson technique upon testicular volume and blood flow. This study involved 23 patients receiving surgery for inguinal hernia, hydrocele, and cord cyst. The color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) was used to assess testicular volume and blood flow before and after a modified Ferguson technique surgery. The pre- and postoperative testicular volume and blood flow were compared with the contralateral testes. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software was used to statistically analyze the data arising; the Mann-Whitney U test and Friedman test were used to compare samples, and P < 0.05 was accepted as statistically significant.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Inguinal Hernia Repair Device: Color Doppler Ultrasound Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Patients and Methods The study was performed prospectively with the approval of the Local Human Ethics Committee. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. All patients included in the study were provided with a patient consent form.

Study Group The analysis included male patients who were younger than 17 years and possessing one-sided inguinal hernia, hydrocele, or cord cyst and who were otherwise healthy. The study was performed prospectively between April 2016 and June 2016 in a medical faculty pediatric surgery unit.

Study plan Following diagnosis, patients received a CDUS and testicular volume and blood flow were measured preoperatively. All patients then received surgery with modified Ferguson repair. Testicular volume and blood flow were then reassessed by CDUS on days 7 and 30 following surgery.

Radiological evaluation Radiological evaluation was performed by a single radiologist using color doppler ultrasound (CDUS) preoperatively and on days 7 and 30 post-surgery. Longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters of the testis were measured, and the testicular volume was calculated automatically using the CDUS device (volume = 0.523 × D1 × D2 × D3, where D1, D2, and D3 were the maximal longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters defined by CDUS) for both testicles in each patient [1]. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) was calculated using the CDUS system (in cm3/s) for both testicles in each patient.

Statistical analysis The SPSS 15.0 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software package was used for all statistical analysis. Testicular volumes and blood flow were analyzed as mean±standard deviation. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare differences in testicular volume and blood flow between the testis receiving surgery and the contralateral testis. Differences in preoperative, early postoperative (7 days post-surgery), and late postoperative (30 days post-surgery) testicular volume and blood flow of each testicle were compared using the Friedman test and P < 0.05 was accepted as statistically significant.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: operated and nonoperated side testis of each patient accepted two different group.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Statistician was masking
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Comparison of Preoperative and Postoperative Testicular Volume and Blood Flow in Patients With Inguinal Hernia, Hydrocele, and Cord Cyst: A Prospective Cohort Study
Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Hernia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: operated side testis
Operated side testis volume and blood flow will be evaluated with color doppler ultrasound before and after the surgery (Preoperative, 7 day and 30 day)
Device: Color Doppler Ultrasound
Radiological evaluation was performed by a single radiologist using CDUS for operated side testis of each patient preoperatively and on days 7 and 30 post-surgery. Longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters of the testis were measured, and the testicular volume was calculated automatically using the CDUS device (volume = 0.523 × D1 × D2 × D3, where D1, D2, and D3 were the maximal longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters defined by CDUS) for both testicles in each patient . Peak systolic velocity (PSV) was calculated using the CDUS system (in cm3/s) for both testicles in each patient.
Other Name: Operated side testis

Sham Comparator: Contralateral testis
Nonoperated side testis volume and blood flow will be evaluated with color doppler ultrasound before and after the surgery (Preoperative, 7 day and 30 day)
Device: Color Doppler Ultrasound
Radiological evaluation was performed by a single radiologist using CDUS for nonoperated side testis of each patient preoperatively and on days 7 and 30 post-surgery. Longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters of the testis were measured, and the testicular volume was calculated automatically using the CDUS device (volume = 0.523 × D1 × D2 × D3, where D1, D2, and D3 were the maximal longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters defined by CDUS) for both testicles in each patient . Peak systolic velocity (PSV) was calculated using the CDUS system (in cm3/s) for both testicles in each patient.
Other Name: Nonoperated side testis




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of testicular volume [ Time Frame: Change of testicular volume from preoperative to postoperative 30 days ]
    Radiological evaluation was performed by a single radiologist using CDUS preoperatively and on days 7 and 30 post-surgery. Longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters of the testis were measured, and the testicular volume was calculated automatically using the CDUS device (volume = 0.523 × D1 × D2 × D3, where D1, D2, and D3 were the maximal longitudinal, anteroposterior, and transverse diameters defined by CDUS) for both testicles in each patient

  2. Change of blood flow [ Time Frame: Change of blood flow from preoperative to postoperative 30 days ]
    Radiological evaluation was performed by a single radiologist using CDUS preoperatively and on days 7 and 30 post-surgery. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) was calculated using the CDUS system (in cm3/s) for both testicles in each patient.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Our analysis included boys who were younger than 17 years and possessing one-sided inguinal hernia, hydrocele, or cord cyst and who were otherwise healthy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who had bilaterally inguinal hernia, hydrocele, or cord cyst
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Responsible Party: Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Asst Prof Dr, Kocatepe University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03033381    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015-KAEK-86/05-80
First Posted: January 26, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Kocatepe University:
Children
Inguinal hernia
Testis
Doppler ultrasonography
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hernia
Hernia, Inguinal
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Hernia, Abdominal