Study of Mirtazapine for Agitation in Dementia (SYMBAD)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03031184|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Dementia||Drug: Mirtazapine Other: Placebo||Phase 3|
Patient-centred care, without the use of medicines is offered as a first course of treatment for agitation in dementia. However, there is a need for second line treatments when these fail, at the moment antipsychotics are commonly prescribed, as very little research has been done in to safer alternative treatments.
There are medicines available to treat agitation and/or aggression in dementia, but it is not clear which treatments work best.
This research study has been designed to help answer this, by comparing a which is currently prescribed for depression, Mirtazapine, with placebo (a tablet designed to look like a medicine but that has no active medicine in it) to see if Mirtazapine is suitable for treating agitation in dementia.
If participants and their family/carers agree to take part in this study, participants will be prescribed treatment for 12 weeks. Participants will then be followed up for 1 year after, with assessment sessions at 26 and 52 weeks.
Participants taking part in this study will be randomly allocated to a treatment group (selected to their treatment group by chance). The study is blinded, so this means the participant's doctor and the research team will not know which treatment the participant has been taking until after the study has ended. This is necessary so that the trial is a fair test of which treatment works best, however it is possible to find out which medicine they are taking in the event of a medical emergency.
The study is entirely voluntary and all participants wishing to join the study must complete an informed consent form (or if they lack capacity the participant's representative may do so on their behalf). Each participant must also have a nominated carer who consents to being questioned on aspects of the participant's dementia/care and their own experiences in caring for the participant.
The investigators are aiming to recruit 222 patients to the study in total from around 20 different regions across the UK.
The study was originally designed to included a second medication, called Carbamazepine, to also look at whether it would work and be safe and cost effective in agitation in dementia. Challenges in recruitment in this population resulted in the funder requesting that the available data was reviewed to July 2018, to see whether one of the arms (Mirtazapine or Carbamazepine) should be discontinued in terms of future recruitment. The independent data monitoring committee compared blinded data from both groups against placebo data and concluded that on the basis of efficacy and safety, the group, which when unblinded was found to be Carbamazepine, should be dropped. Some limited analysis will still be completed for all data collected in the Carbamazepine group, but the trial will continue now only randomising participants to Mirtazapine or placebo.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||207 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||A Pragmatic, Multi Centre, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Randomised Trial to Assess the Safety, Clinical and Cost Effectiveness of Mirtazapine in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Agitated Behaviours|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 2021|
15mg of Mirtazapine over encapsulated to produce a blinded product that looks identical to the other arms. Starting dose is one capsule per day, escalating to 2 capsules per day after 2 weeks if no side effects and up to 3 capsules per day after 4 weeks.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Lactose powder encapsulated to produce a blinded product that looks identical to the other arms. Starting dose is one capsule per day, escalating to 2 capsules per day after 2 weeks if no side effects and up to 3 capsules per day after 4 weeks.
Other Name: Dummy pill
- Cohen Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) score (Long Form, 29 questions) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, 12 weeks ]Measured at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks, it is the difference in the score at 12 weeks that is the primary outcome. The questions are asked of the person with dementia's carer
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Patients with a clinical diagnosis of probable or possible Alzheimer's Disease using National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS/ADRDA) criteria (McKhann et Al, 1984)
- a diagnosis of co-existing agitated behaviours
- evidence that the agitated behaviours have not responded to management according to the AS/DH algorithm (AS/DH, 2011)
- An assessment of Cohen Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI; Cohen-Mansfield et al, 1989, Long form) score of 45 or greater
- Written informed consent to enter and be randomised into the trial
- Availability of a suitable informant (consenting identifiable family carer or paid carer) to provide information on carer-completed outcome measures and who consents to take part in the trial.
- Current treatment with antidepressants (including MAOIs) or antipsychotics. Normal clinical practice should be followed, with an appropriate washout period before trial drug administration. For MAOIs this should be least two weeks.
- Contraindications to the administration of mirtazapine as per the current SmPC
- Patients with second degree atrioventricular block (patients with third degree heart block, with a pace maker fitted, may be included at PI discretion)
- Cases too critical for randomisation (ie where there is a suicide risk or where the patient presents a risk of harm to others)
- Female subjects under the age of 55 of childbearing potential, defined as follows: postmenopausal females who have not had at least 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea or 6 months of spontaneous amenorrhoea with serum FSH>40mIU/ml or females who have not had a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy at least 6 weeks prior to enrolment.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03031184
|Brighton, Sussex, United Kingdom, BN1 9RY|
|Principal Investigator:||Sube Banerjee, Professor||Brighton and Sussex Medical School|
|Responsible Party:||University of Sussex|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||January 25, 2017 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||April 19, 2021|
|Last Verified:||April 2021|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Plan Description:||The datasets generated during the current study will be available upon request from Prof Sube Banerjee firstname.lastname@example.org once the trial follow-up and analyses are completed, the likely date for this is October 2022.|
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
|Time Frame:||After analysis by the study team is complete, likely from October 2022. The above documents are already available|
|Access Criteria:||By email request to Prof Sube Banerjee email@example.com|
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