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Promoting Children's Mental Health: The Effects of a Parenting Program

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03030352
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mireille Joussemet, Université de Montréal

Brief Summary:
The objectives of the How-to parenting program are 1) to improve optimal parenting style, and 2) to foster children mental health (i.e. decrease in internalized and externalized problems, and well-being). The investigators expect that parents assigned to experimental groups will show improvements in parenting over time (i.e improvements in parental affiliation, parental structure and parental attitude toward autonomy), whereas parents in control groups will not show such improvements (i.e., stable or declining parenting quality). The investigators also expect children of parents in experimental groups to experience improvements in child mental health (i.e., fewer internalized and externalized psychological problems and increased well-being), whereas children whose parents are on the wait list will not show improvements over time (i.e., stable or deteriorating mental health and well-being).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Child Development Behavioral: How-to Parenting Program Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 315 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: How to Talk so Kids Will Listen & Listen so Kids Will Talk: A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Impact of the French Workshop Format in the General Population
Study Start Date : February 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 28, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : June 15, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: How-to Parenting Program
The How-to Parenting Program consists of seven 2 ½-hour weekly sessions. It is a manual-based program in which participants have their own exercise booklet containing parenting skills and exercises. Groups are led by 2 group leaders and formed of 6 to 10 parents.
Behavioral: How-to Parenting Program
The How-to Parenting Program addresses all three key dimensions of optimal parenting; autonomy support, affiliation and structure. With weekly workshops, the How-to-Parenting Program optimizes learning by (1) linking group content with parents' needs, (2) facilitating awareness with perspective taking activities, (3) offering concrete parenting skills, (4) modeling the skills and providing practice in a predictable and non-judgmental environment, (5) emphasizing the importance of implementing these skills at home for long term behavioral change, and (6) offering tools (i.e., exercise booklet, skill summary) that facilitate information retention.
Other Name: How to talk so kids will listen & listen so kids will talk

No Intervention: Wait-list Control Group
Parents assigned to the wait-list control group will receive no intervention for the duration of the trial. The How-to Parenting Program will be delivered to them the following year. This delayed participation is ethically sound, as the program does not target at-risk families.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in parenting style assessed by parents [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]

    Parenting Style will be assessed by a self-administered questionnaire with 3 subscales.

    Parental Bonding Scale, Parenting Structure Scale, and Parental Autonomy Support scale.


  2. Change in children's mental health problems at home [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Parents will rate their child's I- and E- psychological problems with a questionnaire composed with the Child Behavior Checklist CBCL.

  3. Change in children's mental health problems at school [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Teachers are asked to evaluate children's classroom and social problems with the Teacher-Child Rating Scale; TCRS. The problem subscales of the TCRS assess I- (shy-anxious) and E- (acting-out) problems.

  4. Change in children's competencies at school [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Teachers will complete the competencies subscales of the TCRS, which evaluate children' socio-emotional competencies (i.e., frustration tolerance, task orientation and social skills).

  5. Change in children's well-being [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Children will assess their own well-being with a self-administered questionnaire with 3 positive indicators; self-esteem, life satisfaction and positive affect.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in parenting style assessed by children [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Children will assess change in parenting style by answering a child report questionnaire.

  2. Change in parent's mental health problems [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Parents will assess their own mental health by rating their psychological symptoms (i.e., negative affect, PANAS; anxious and depressive symptoms, General Health Questionnaire).

  3. Change in parent's well-being [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Parents will assess their own well-being with a self-administered questionnaire with 3 positive indicators; self-esteem, life satisfaction and positive affect.

  4. Change in perceived parental competencies [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Parents will assess their perceived parental competencies by rating the Basic Need Satisfaction in Relationships Scale.

  5. Change in parental guilt [ Time Frame: 1 week post-intervention, 6 months and 1 year follow-up ]
    Parents will assess their guilt by rating the expanded PANAS.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents must have a child (5-12 years old) attending a participating grade school

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to communicate in the language in which the study is conducted (i.e., French)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03030352


Locations
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Canada, Quebec
University of Montreal
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T 1J4
Sponsors and Collaborators
Université de Montréal
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mireille Joussemet, Ph.D. Université de Montréal
Principal Investigator: Geneviève Mageau, Ph.D. Université de Montréal
Study Data/Documents: Pilot Study of the How-to trial  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Mireille Joussemet, Associate Professor, Université de Montréal
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03030352    
Other Study ID Numbers: MOP-130576
First Posted: January 25, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 15, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Keywords provided by Mireille Joussemet, Université de Montréal:
Child Mental Health
Parenting
Autonomy Support
How-to Parenting Program
Randomized Controlled Trial
Primary Prevention
Parental Mental Health
Child Well-Being