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Oncolytic Adenovirus-Mediated Gene Therapy for Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03029871
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (No participants were enrolled)
First Posted : January 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Benjamin Movsas, M.D., Henry Ford Health System

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this phase 1 trial is to determine the dose-dependent toxicity and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of oncolytic adenovirus-mediated cytotoxic gene therapy in combination with SBRT in medically inoperable stage I/IIA (T1A - T2B) NSCLC. To accomplish this objective, 9 subjects will be enrolled in the study. We hypothesize that the combined treatment will demonstrate acceptable toxicity, and that it will be feasible to quantify adenovirus-mediated HSV-1 TK gene expression in the lung by PET. This phase 1 trial will lay the foundation for a follow-up phase 2 trial designed to examine efficacy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage I Biological: Ad5-yCD/mutTKSR39rep-ADP Adenovirus Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Nine subjects (3 cohorts, 3 subjects/cohort) with medically inoperable stage I/IIA (T1a - T2b) NSCLC with tumors measuring > 2 to ≤ 5 cm will receive a single intratumoral injection of the oncolytic Ad5-yCD/mutTKSR39rep-ADP adenovirus at one of three dose levels (1 x 1011 vp, 3 x 1011 vp, 1 x 1012 vp). Depending on the location of the target lesion, the adenovirus will be injected either transbronchially (central tumors) or percutaneously under computed tomography (CT)-guidance (peripheral tumors). Two days later, subjects will be administered (orally) a 10 day course of 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) and valganciclovir (vGCV) prodrug therapy along with 48 Gy (4 fractions of 12 Gy) of SBRT. Prior to and following the adenovirus injection, subjects will be administered [18F]-FHBG, a HSV-1 TK substrate, and will undergo PET imaging to quantify HSV-1 TK gene expression. Toxicity assessments will occur twice a week for the first 2 weeks and then at scheduled follow-up visits through 60 months. The primary endpoint is toxicity. Secondary endpoints include 1) tumor (radiological) response, 2) local, regional, and distal tumor control, 3) progression-free and overall survival, and 4) quality of life. Exploratory endpoints include 1) intensity, persistence, and biodistribution of HSV-1 TK gene expression, and 2) association of select serum biomarkers with toxicity and tumor response.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Nine subjects (3 cohorts, 3 subjects/cohort)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1 Trial of Oncolytic Adenovirus-Mediated Cytotoxic Gene Therapy in Combination With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) in Clinical Stage 1/11A (T1A-T2B) Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 13, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
Nine subjects (3 cohorts, 3 subjects/cohort) with medically inoperable stage I/IIA (T1a - T2b) NSCLC with tumors measuring > 2 to ≤ 5 cm will receive a single intratumoral injection of the oncolytic Ad5-yCD/mutTKSR39rep-ADP adenovirus at one of three dose levels (1 x 1011 vp, 3 x 1011 vp, 1 x 1012 vp). Depending on the location of the target lesion, the adenovirus will be injected either transbronchially (central tumors) or percutaneously under computed tomography (CT)-guidance (peripheral tumors). Two days later, subjects will be administered (orally) a 10 day course of 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) and valganciclovir (vGCV) prodrug therapy along with 48 Gy (4 fractions of 12 Gy) of SBRT. Prior to and following the adenovirus injection, subjects will be administered [18F]-FHBG, a HSV-1 TK substrate, and will undergo PET imaging to quantify HSV-1 TK gene expression.
Biological: Ad5-yCD/mutTKSR39rep-ADP Adenovirus
oncolytic adenovirus




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity and maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: 60 days ]
    Treatment-related adverse events (CTCAE v4.03)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response [ Time Frame: 3 months to 5 years ]
    RECIST

  2. Survival [ Time Frame: 3 months to 5 years ]
    Progression-free and overall

  3. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 3 months to 5 years ]
    FACT-TOI (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Trial Outcome Index)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of NSCLC.
  • Clinical stage I/IIA (T1a - T2b; AJCC Staging 7th edition) with a tumor size > 1 cm to ≤ 6 cm in diameter (long axis) based on the following minimum diagnostic workup:

Note: Subjects may have M0 or MX status (e.g., lung nodules that are being observed). Known M1 disease is excluded. Subjects may have only one target lesion for SBRT.

  • Evaluation at lung multi-disciplinary tumor board with recommendation for SBRT within 12 weeks of registration.
  • Whole body positron emission tomography (PET/CT) scan within 12 weeks of registration using [18F]-FDG with adequate visualization of the primary tumor and draining lymph node basins in the hilar and mediastinal regions.

Mediastinal lymph node sampling by any technique is allowed but not required. Subjects with > 1.5 cm mediastinal lymph nodes on CT or abnormal PET (including suspicious but non-diagnostic uptake) may still be eligible if directed tissue biopsies of abnormally identified areas are negative for cancer.

  • Zubrod Performance Status 0 - 2 with 4 weeks of registration.
  • Age ≥ 18.
  • Subjects must have adequate baseline organ function, as assessed by the following laboratory values, within 30 days before initiating the study therapy:
  • Adequate renal function with serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance >50 mL/min/m2.
  • Platelet count > 100,000/μL.
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/μL.
  • Hemoglobin > 10.0 g/dL.
  • Bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT < 3.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to the adenovirus injection for women of childbearing potential.
  • Women of childbearing potential and male participants must agree to use a medically effective means of birth control throughout and for 60 days beyond the treatment phase of the study.
  • Subjects must possess the ability to give informed consent and express a willingness to meet all of the expected requirements of the protocol for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years (e.g., carcinomas in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix are permissible). Subjects with previous lung cancer are permitted if the subject is disease-free for a minimum of 2 years or if this is a solitary recurrence in the lung measuring > 2 cm and ≤ 5 cm after surgery.
  • Any known metastatic disease. Subjects may have MX status (e.g., lung nodules that are being observed).
  • Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields.
  • Prior chemotherapy for the study cancer.
  • Plans for the subject to receive other local therapy (including standard fractionated radiotherapy and/or surgery and/or other local ablative therapies) while on this study, except in the case of disease progression.
  • Plans for the subject to receive systemic therapy (including standard chemotherapy or biologic targeted agents), while on this study, except in the case of disease progression.
  • Acute infection. Acute infection is defined by any viral, bacterial, or fungal infection that requires specific therapy within 72 hours of initiation of the study therapy.
  • Previous history of liver disease including hepatitis.
  • Immunosuppressive therapy including systemic corticosteroids. Use of inhaled and topical corticosteroids is permitted.
  • Impaired immunity or susceptibility to serious viral infections.
  • Allergy to any product used in the protocol.
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness or concomitant medication, which, in the judgment of the principal investigator, might interfere with the subject's ability to respond to or tolerate the treatment or complete the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03029871


Locations
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United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Benjamin Movsas, M.D.

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Responsible Party: Benjamin Movsas, M.D., Chair, Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03029871     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10835
First Posted: January 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Benjamin Movsas, M.D., Henry Ford Health System:
lung cancer
adenovirus
gene therapy
SBRT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Adenoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases