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Effects Resistance Training on Motor Control and Cognition (KFPS_2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03017365
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Kassel

Brief Summary:
It is well documented that both balance and resistance training have the potential to mitigate intrinsic fall risk factors in older adults. Recently, it was shown that a simultaneously executed balance and resistance training, namely resistance training on uneven surfaces is an eligible, effective and safe alternative training program to mitigate intrinsic fall risk factors in older adults. However, knowledge about the effects of specific adductor and abductor training has advantages over traditional resistance training and resistance training on unstable surfaces regarding forward propulsion. Further, the effects of different kinds of resistance training on cognition, especially embodiment is investigated.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Muscle Weakness Other: Stable Resistance Training Other: Unstable Resistance Training Other: Adductor/Abductor Resistance Training Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Different Resistance Training Methods on Strength, Motor Control and Executive Functions in Older Adults
Actual Study Start Date : January 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 1, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: M-SRT
Machine-based stable resistance training. Exercising 'traditional' machine-based resistance training.
Other: Stable Resistance Training
traditional machine-based resistance training

Experimental: F-URT
Free weight unstable resistance training; conducted free-weight resistance training on unstable devices using dumbbells instead of exercise-machines.
Other: Unstable Resistance Training
free weight resistance training using unstable devices

Experimental: M-ART
Machine-based adductor/abductor resistance training. Exercising with 'traditional' adductor/abductor machines.
Other: Adductor/Abductor Resistance Training
machine-based adductor/abductor resistance training




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Gait Analysis [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    changes in variance components (Vucm, Vort, Vtot) of an uncontrolled manifold analysis; measured in rad²


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximal isometric leg extension strength (ILES) [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in isometric strength, measured in N

  2. Fall self-efficacy Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in anxiety score

  3. Proactivec Balance (timed up and go test) [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in leg strength and procative balance (seconds)

  4. Maximal isometric adductor and abductor strength [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in isometric strength, measured in N

  5. Stroop Task [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in reaction time to congruent and incongruent stimuli (ms)

  6. Proactivec Balance (multidirectional reach test) [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in proactive balance (cm)

  7. Power tests (chair rise test) [ Time Frame: Pre test -> Intervention (10 weeks) -> Post test (within 2-5 days after the intervention) ]
    change in muscle power (seconds)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 80 Years   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • between 65 and 80 years old
  • ability to walk independently without any gait aid

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pathological ratings of the Clock Drawing Test (CDT),
  • Mini-Mental-State-Examination (MMSE, < 24 points),
  • Falls Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I, > 24 points),
  • Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS, > 9 points),
  • Freiburg Questionnaire of Physical Activity (FQoPA, < 1hour)
  • Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB-D, < 18 points)
  • any neurological, musculoskeletal or heart-related disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03017365


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Kassel
Investigators
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Study Chair: Armin Kibele, PhD University of Kassel
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Kassel
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03017365    
Other Study ID Numbers: KFPS17
First Posted: January 11, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 7, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Raw results will be published. Age will be described as intervals (65-69, 70-74, 75-80) and height will be removed, thus no backtracking is possible
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: when the article is published
Access Criteria: IPD will be published as supplementary material. Raw results will be published. Age will be described as intervals (65-69, 70-74, 75-80) and height will be removed, thus no backtracking is possible
Keywords provided by University of Kassel:
Motor Control
Balance
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscle Weakness
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Pathologic Processes