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Sitravatinib and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Kidney Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03015740
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 10, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 17, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects of sitravatinib and how well it works with nivolumab in treating patients with kidney cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Sitravatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving sitravatinib and nivolumab may work better in treating patients with kidney cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastatic Kidney Carcinoma Stage III Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Questionnaire Administration Drug: Sitravatinib Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the toxicities (defined as a grade 3 or 4 National Cancer Institute [NCI] non-hematologic or hematologic adverse event, within 12 weeks from treatment initiation), and efficacy (defined as achieving complete remission, partial remission, or stable disease within 6 weeks) of sitravatinib (MGCD516) when administered orally (PO) daily in combination with standard dose nivolumab 240 mg/kg every 2 weeks.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) times, objective response rates (ORR), and quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced clear cell renal cell cancer (RCC) treated with the combination of MGCD516 and nivolumab.

II. Evaluate potential biomarkers for patient stratification and treatment response, including genetic analysis, serum cytokines and chemokines, as well as tumor antigen-specific immune responses, such as antibody and T cell responses, as surrogates for anti-tumor activity.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive sitravatinib PO once daily (QD) on days 1-14 and receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 1 starting cycle 2. Cycles repeat every 14 days for cycles 1-6 and then every 28 days for subsequent cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who receive at least 6 infusions of nivolumab with no dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) related to nivolumab, may then receive nivolumab every 4 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 43 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of MGCD516 Combined With Nivolumab in Patients With Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Cancer That Progressed on Prior VEGF-Targeted Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : April 23, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 23, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 24, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (sitravatinib, nivolumab)
Patients receive sitravatinib PO QD on days 1-14 and receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1 starting cycle 2. Cycles repeat every 14 days for cycles 1-6 and then every 28 days for subsequent cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who receive at least 6 infusions of nivolumab with no DLTs related to nivolumab, may then receive nivolumab every 4 weeks.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Drug: Sitravatinib
Given PO
Other Name: MGCD516




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Defined as National Cancer Institute grade 3 or 4 liver, lung, gastrointestinal or endocrine toxicity, or myelosuppression.

  2. Efficacy (defined as achieving complete remission, partial remission or stable disease) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks ]
    Defined as achieving complete remission, partial remission or stable disease as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival time [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    Unadjusted distributions of the time-to-event outcomes will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier and their relationship to prognostic covariates will be evaluated by Bayesian piecewise exponential survival regression.

  2. Overall survival time [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    Unadjusted distributions of the time-to-event outcomes will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier and their relationship to prognostic covariates will be evaluated by Bayesian piecewise exponential survival regression.

  3. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    Unadjusted distributions of the time-to-event outcomes will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier and their relationship to prognostic covariates will be evaluated by Bayesian piecewise exponential survival regression.

  4. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) will be used to measure cancer-specific health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The Medical Outcomes Study 12-item short-form survey (SF-12) will be used to measure general quality of life



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic/advanced clear cell RCC, or RCC with a clear cell component, who have received 1 or 2 prior anti-angiogenic therapy regimens (+/- cytokine therapy with interleukin-2 or interferon-alfa) in the advanced or metastatic setting; examples of anti-angiogenic agents include, but are not limited to, sorafenib, sunitinib, pazopanib, axitinib, and bevacizumab
  • There must be evidence of progression on or after last treatment regimen received and within 6 months of enrollment
  • Patients must have at least one measurable site of disease, defined as a lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) and measures >= 15 mm with conventional techniques or >= 10 mm with more sensitive techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or spiral computed tomography (CT) scan; if the patient has had previous radiation to the marker lesion(s), there must be evidence of progression since the radiation
  • Karnofsky performance status >= 70
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl (treatment allowed) (within 14 days prior to study entry)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL (within 14 days prior to study entry)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL (within 14 days prior to study entry)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dl (within 14 days prior to study entry)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), except in known hepatic metastasis, wherein may be < 5 x ULN (within 14 days prior to study entry)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN (as long as patient does not require dialysis); a) may receive transfusion b) if creatinine is not < 1.5 x ULN, then calculate by Cockcroft-Gault methods or local institutional standard and creatinine clearance (CrCl) must be >= 40 mL/kg/1.73 m^2 (within 14 days prior to study entry)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x ULN within 14 days prior to study entry; therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin is allowed if target INR =< 3 on a stable dose of warfarin or on a stable dose of low molecular weight (LMW) heparin for > 2 weeks (14 days) at the time of enrollment
  • Female patients of childbearing potential (not postmenopausal for at least 12 months and not surgically sterile) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 14 days before study entry; pregnancy test must be repeated if performed > 14 days before starting study drug
  • Women must not be breastfeeding
  • Patients with a history of major psychiatric illness must be judged (by the treating physician) able to fully understand the investigational nature of the study and the risks associated with the therapy
  • Patients with controlled brain metastases are allowed on protocol if they had solitary brain metastases that was surgically resected or treated with radiosurgery or gamma knife, without recurrence or edema for 1 month (4 weeks)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not have any other malignancies within the past 2 years except for in situ carcinoma of any site, or adequately treated (without recurrence post-resection or post-radiotherapy) carcinoma of the cervix or basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin or active non-threatening second malignancy that would not, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the patient's ability to participate and/or complete this trial; examples include but not limited to: urothelial cancer grade Ta or T1, adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated by active surveillance
  • Patients currently receiving anticancer therapies or who have received anticancer therapies within 2 weeks (14 days) from enrollment into this study (including chemotherapy and targeted therapy) are excluded; also, patients who have completed palliative radiation therapy more than 14 days prior to the first dose of MGCD516 are eligible
  • Patients, who have had a major surgery or significant traumatic injury (injury requiring > 4 weeks [28 days] to heal) within 4 weeks (28 days) of start of study drug, patients who have not recovered from the side effects of any major surgery (defined as requiring general anesthesia) or patients that are expected to require major surgery during the course of the study
  • Patients who have been previously treated with mTOR inhibitors such as everolimus and temsirolimus, or with c-MET inhibitors such as cabozantinib
  • Patients who have organ allografts
  • Known or suspected autoimmune disease; patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) and autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis (scleroderma), systemic lupus erythematosus or autoimmune vasculitis (e.g., Wegener's granulomatosis) are excluded from this study; patients with a history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis only requiring hormone replacement, type I diabetes, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are allowed to participate
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Any underlying medical condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, will make the administration of study drug hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse events, such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection that may significantly alter the absorption of MGCD516
  • Patients must not have received prior anticancer therapy with any immune checkpoint inhibitors such as anti-CLTA-4, anti-PD1, or anti-PD-L1
  • Patients receiving any concomitant systemic therapy for renal cell cancer are excluded
  • Patients must not be scheduled to receive another experimental drug while on this study
  • Patients who are on high dose steroid (e.g., > 10 mg prednisone daily or equivalent) or other more potent immune suppression medications (e.g., infliximab); topical, inhaled, intra-articular, ocular, or intranasal corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption) are allowed; a brief course (=< 48 hours) of systemic corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., from contrast dye allergy) is permitted
  • Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study such as: symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association class III or IV; unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within 6 months of start of study drug, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia or any other clinically significant cardiac disease; severely impaired lung function as defined as oxygen (O2) saturation that is 88% or less at rest on room air; uncontrolled diabetes as defined by blood glucose > 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l); systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection that is not controlled (defined as exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection and without improvement) despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment; liver disease such as cirrhosis or chronic active hepatitis; positive test for hepatitis B virus (HBV) using HBV surface antigen (HBV sAg) test or positive test for hepatitis C virus (HCV) using HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) or HCV antibody test indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Patients must not have history of other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of MGCD516 or nivolumab or that might affect the interpretation of the results of the study or render the subject at high risk from treatment complications
  • Patients should not receive immunization with attenuated live vaccines within one week (7 days) of study entry or during study period
  • Uncontrolled brain or leptomeningeal metastases, including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential who are not using effective birth control methods; if barrier contraceptives are being used, these must be continued throughout the trial by both sexes; hormonal contraceptives are not acceptable as a sole method of contraception; (women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study entry; pregnancy test must be repeated if performed > 14 days before administration of MGCD516)
  • Any patients who cannot be compliant with the appointments required in this protocol must not be enrolled in this study
  • Concurrent therapy with medications known to significantly prolong the QT interval and/or associated with increased risk for Torsade de Pointes arrhythmia; the principal investigator (PI) is the final arbiter in questions related to eligibility
  • Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03015740


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nizar M Tannir M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03015740    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-0332
NCI-2017-00324 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2016-0332 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 10, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents