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Ixazomib Citrate, Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone, and Daratumumab in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03012880
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well ixazomib citrate, lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and daratumumab work in treating patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Ixazomib citrate may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies, such as daratumumab, may block cancer growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving ixazomib citrate, lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and daratumumab may work better in treating patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plasma Cell Myeloma Biological: Daratumumab Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Ixazomib Citrate Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Lenalidomide Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the complete response rate (CR) of the four-drug combination of ixazomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and daratumumab in patients with previously untreated symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the overall response rate (ORR), and very good partial response (VGPR) rate with the four drug combination of ixazomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and daratumumab, when used as initial therapy in patients with previously untreated symptomatic MM.

II. To determine the progression free survival and overall survival among patients with previously untreated symptomatic MM following treatment with the four drug combination of Ixazomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and daratumumab followed by ixazomib and daratumumab maintenance till progression.

II. To determine the toxicities associated with the four drug combination of ixazomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and daratumumab in patients with previously untreated symptomatic MM.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To examine the proportion of minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity following induction therapy with the four-drug combination of ixazomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and daratumumab.

II. To assess the quality of life using patient completed Functional Assessment of Cancer Treatment (FACT)/Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) questionnaires.

OUTLINE:

INDUCTION PHASE: Patients receive ixazomib citrate orally (PO) on days 1, 8, and 15 and lenalidomide PO on days 1-21. Patients receive daratumumab intravenously (IV) over 3-7 hours on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of courses 1 and 2, on days 1 and 15 of courses 3, 4, and 5, and on day 1 of courses 7 and beyond. Patients also receive dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE PHASE: Patients receive ixazomib citrate PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and daratumumab IV over 3-7 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 36 months from registration in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 or 6 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 80 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Trial of Ixazomib, Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone, and Daratumumab in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : April 12, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 26, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (ixazomib, lenalidomide, daratumumab, dexamethasone)

INDUCTION PHASE: Patients receive ixazomib citrate PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and lenalidomide PO on days 1-21. Patients receive daratumumab IV over 3-7 hours on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of courses 1 and 2, on days 1 and 15 of courses 3, 4, and 5, and on day 1 of courses 7 and beyond. Patients also receive dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE PHASE: Patients receive ixazomib citrate PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and daratumumab IV over 3-7 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 36 months from registration in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Biological: Daratumumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-CD38 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Darzalex
  • HuMax-CD38
  • JNJ-54767414

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Drug: Ixazomib Citrate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • MLN-9708
  • MLN9708
  • Ninlaro

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients who achieve a confirmed Complete Response (CR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine patterns. Additionally, the relationship of the adverse event(s) to the study treatment will be taken into consideration.

  2. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated by the number of patients who achieve a stringent complete response (sCR), CR, VGPR or partial response (PR) divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true success proportions will be calculated.

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: The time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The distribution of overall survival will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  4. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: The time from registration to the earliest date of documentation of disease progression or death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The distribution of progression-free survival will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  5. Rate of >= Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated by the number of patients with a VGPR, CR, or Stringent Complete Response (sCR) divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true success proportions will be calculated.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Minor Response Development (MRD) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed on bone marrow aspirate in all patients achieving CR. The proportion of patients who achieve MRD negative status will be estimated by the number of patients who are MRD negative divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true MRD negative rate will be calculated.

  2. Neurotoxicity [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years ]
    The FACT/GOG neurotoxicity questionnaire will be completed. Patients will be evaluated by overall score for each questionnaire at each time point and changes over time will be calculated. These measures will be correlated with outcome using Fisher's exact test and Kaplan-Meier methods where appropriate.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Calculated creatinine clearance (using Cockcroft-Gault equation) >= 30 mL/min
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • Untransfused platelet count >= 75000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN
  • Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least ONE of the following:

    • Serum monoclonal protein >= 1.0 g/dL
    • >= 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis
    • Serum immunoglobulin free light chain >= 10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
  • Previously untreated for myeloma or have received no more than one cycle of any treatment regimen; NOTE: Prior radiation therapy for the treatment of solitary plasmacytoma is permitted; prior therapy with clarithromycin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), anakinra, pamidronate or zoledronic acid is permitted; any additional agents not listed must be approved by the principal investigator
  • Provide informed written consent
  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
  • Willing to follow strict birth control measures

    • Female patients: if they are of childbearing potential, agree to one of the following:

      • Practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, AND must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject; (periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception)
    • Male patients: even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), must agree to one of the following:

      • Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
      • Must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject; (periodic abstinence (eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception)
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
  • Willing to follow the requirements of the Revlimid Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program
  • Willing to provide bone marrow and blood samples for planned research

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or smoldering myeloma
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy =< 2 years prior to registration or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease; NOTE: Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection
  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Other concurrent chemotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational; NOTE: Bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather than therapy, and are thus allowed while on protocol treatment
  • Peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2 on clinical examination or grade 1 with pain during the screening period
  • Major surgery =< 14 days prior to registration
  • Systemic treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, St. John's wort) =< 14 days prior to registration
  • Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction =< 6 months; Note: Prior to entry, any ECG abnormality at screening must be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant
  • Radiotherapy =< 14 days prior to registration; NOTE: If the involved field is small, 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and administration of the ixazomib
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Known hepatitis B surface antigen-positive status, or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection
  • Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol
  • Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to corticosteroids, monoclonal antibodies or human proteins, or their excipients (refer to respective package inserts or investigator's brochure), or known sensitivity to mammalian-derived products
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of ixazomib, lenalidomide or dexamethasone including difficulty swallowing
  • Diarrhea > grade 1, based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grading, in the absence of antidiarrheals

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03012880


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Shaji Kumar Mayo Clinic

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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03012880     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1686
NCI-2017-00007 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1686 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 6, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 28, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Daratumumab
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Lenalidomide
Ixazomib
Citric Acid
Sodium Citrate
BB 1101
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Glycine
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents