Treatment of Sleep Disturbances in School-age Children With Down Syndrome
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02996175|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Down Syndrome||Behavioral: Behavioral Sleep Treatment Behavioral: Standard of care sleep treatment enhanced with psychoeducation||Not Applicable|
The investigators long-term goal is to improve outcomes for children with DS and their caregivers. Towards that goal, the investigators propose a randomized clinical trial of a behavioral sleep treatment designed specifically for children with DS, documenting the impact not only on sleep, but also on the child's daytime inhibitory control and behavior problems, and the caregiver's sleep and stress levels. The investigators will randomize 80 families of children with DS ages 6-17 to receive either a 5-session behavioral sleep treatment (BST; targeting sleep education, behavioral principles and visual supports) or a general-education control condition (CON). The BST will catered to the unique needs of children with DS, adapting an intervention developed by a member of the investigators research team with NIH support (R34 MH082882) that successfully treats behavioral sleep disturbances in children with autism41. Pre- and post-intervention, children will undergo comprehensive assessments of cognitive, behavioral, and adaptive functioning involving direct testing and input from parents and teachers. Child and parent sleep will be monitored via actigraphy and parent-completed sleep diaries, and parents will report on their stress levels and mood. As a critical first step towards an effective treatment, this initial efficacy study will address 3 aims:
Aim #1: Test the efficacy of manualized BST for improving the sleep of children with DS.
Hypothesis 1: Sleep duration and quality will improve more in the BST condition than the CON condition.
Aim #2: Test the impact of the BST on the daytime functioning of children with DS.
Hypothesis 2: Children receiving BST will make greater gains in inhibitory control, general behavior problems and other measures of executive dysfunction than in the CON condition.
Aim #3: Test whether the BST, which focuses on the child's sleep, also impacts caregivers' sleep and stress.
Hypothesis 3: Parents of children receiving BST will have improved sleep duration and decreased stress.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||34 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Treatment of Sleep Disturbances in School-age Children With Down Syndrome|
|Study Start Date :||July 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2018|
Treatment group targeting behavioral sleep problems for 5 weeks.
Behavioral: Behavioral Sleep Treatment
Active Comparator: WISE
Standard of care sleep treatment enhanced with psychoeducation. 1 Introduction to the general-education program, build rapport with family, and review basic information on Down syndrome 2 Introduction to understanding and interpreting results from clinical evaluations 3 Introduction to educational planning, expectations, and transition planning 4 Introduction to lifespan development and advocacy and support services available 5 Feedback on current concerns and methods for obtaining services to manage concerns
Behavioral: Standard of care sleep treatment enhanced with psychoeducation
- Longer child sleep duration as measured by actigraphy and Improved sleep quality for child measure by Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 Weeks, 19 Weeks ]
33-item Parent reported sleep quality for Child over past week. Each item is scored 1-3 (1 = Rarely, 0-1x/week; 2 = Sometimes, 2-4x/week; 3= Usually, 5-7x/week). There are 6 questions with reverse scoring. This will yield a total between 33 and 99.
This will be acquired from parent three times throughout study, data scored and entered into SPSS by coordinator using total score data for comparatives to actigraph results for total sleep.
- Improved child behaviors as measured by parent report on Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 Weeks, 19 Weeks ]113-Item parent report measure for child behavior now. Each item is scored 0-2 (0 = Not True (as far as you know); 1 = Somewhat or Sometimes True; 2 = Very True or Often True. Scoring is done through software giving T-scores for 8 subscales with borderline and clinical ranges identified. SPSS will be used for analysis to compare to parent report data from a daily behavior journal.
- Longer Parent sleep duration as measured by actigraphy and reduced parental stress as measured by the Family Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 Weeks, 19 Weeks ]50-item parent report measure rating child's impact on family and different areas of family functioning. Each of the first 48 items are scored 1-4 (1 = Not at all; 2 = Somewhat; 3 = Much; 4 = Very Much) and items 48 & 49 scored 1-7 (1 = Much Easier; 2 = Easier; 3 = Slightly Easier; 4 = About the Same; 5 = Slightly More Difficult; 6 = More Difficult; 7 = Much More Difficult). There are 5 items that are reverse scored. Scoring yields T-scores for 7 subscales.Data will be entered into SPSS and used as a parental stress scale for social impact.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02996175
|United States, Ohio|
|Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229|