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Immunogenicity of Twice-annual Influenza Vaccination in Older Adults in Hong Kong (RETAIN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02957890
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 8, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Hospital Authority, Hong Kong
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Benjamin John Cowling, The University of Hong Kong

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates the immunogenicity of adding inactivated influenza vaccine with southern hemisphere (SH) formulation to standard once-annual influenza vaccination with northern hemisphere (NH) formulation in older adults in Hong Kong over 5 years. Half of participants will receive twice-annual influenza vaccination with NH and SH formulation, while the other half will receive once-annual influenza vaccination with NH formulation and a placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza, Human Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine (NH formulation) Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine (SH formulation) Biological: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Background: Hong Kong is located in subtropical regions with two seasonal peaks of influenza transmission. North Hemisphere seasonal influenza vaccine is usually available for vaccination by general public starting in October every year before the anticipated winter peak starting in December in Hong Kong, and it presumably also provides protection against the same prevailing strains during summer peak starting around July of the next year. However, influenza vaccines may have poorer efficacy and effectiveness in older adults. The investigators hypothesize that in a subtropical or tropical location with prolonged circulation of influenza viruses, including the emergence of new strains at different times of the year, twice-annual vaccination with the latest available strains could provide the best protection.

Aim: To test the immune profiles over time of older adults following twice-annual influenza vaccination against those receiving once-annual influenza vaccination.

Design and subjects: A 5-year immunogenicity study with a randomized placebo-controlled design among 400 older adults aged 70-79 years. The investigators will enroll participants from the general community who attend general outpatient clinics for influenza vaccination or medical or preventive care visits. Eligible individuals will be randomly allocated in equal proportions to two intervention groups (I: once-annual standard inactivated influenza vaccine; II: twice-annual standard inactivated influenza vaccine) consisting of ten rounds of vaccination as designated by the intervention group before each winter/summer influenza season and followed throughout the 5 years. Before each summer influenza season those in group II will receive the inactivated influenza vaccine with the southern hemisphere formulation and the other group will receive saline placebo. For each round of vaccination (or placebo), blood samples for immunological tests will be collected before administration and 30 days after administration among all participants, and at 7, 30 and 91 days after administration in a subset of 25% of the participants. Acute illnesses among participants will be monitored by active surveillance during influenza seasons. The vaccine formulations in each round of vaccination will be updated for each season according to WHO recommendations.

Main outcome measures: Antibody titres measured by haemagglutination-inhibition assays, which is an established correlate of protection, in addition to other measurements on humoral and cell-mediated immune responses in the two intervention groups over 5 years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 400 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Immunogenicity of Twice-annual Vaccination Against Seasonal Influenza for Two Hemispheres in Older Adults in Hong Kong - a Randomised Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : November 18, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Twice-annual influenza vaccination
Twice-annual influenza vaccination: administrations of inactivated influenza vaccine (Northern hemisphere formulation, NH) prior to the northern hemisphere winter, plus inactivated influenza vaccine (Southern hemisphere formulation, SH) prior to the northern hemisphere summer.
Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine (NH formulation)
Round 1 (November): 0.5mL FluQuadri®, Sanofi Pasteur, containing 60μg antigen - 15μg for each influenza strain included - with strains recommended by the WHO for the northern hemisphere formulation

Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine (SH formulation)
Round 2 (May): 0.5mL Vaxigrip®, Sanofi Pasteur, containing 45μg antigen - 15μg for each influenza strain included - with strains recommended by the WHO for the southern hemisphere formulation

Placebo Comparator: Once-annual influenza vaccination
Administrations of inactivated influenza vaccine (Northern hemisphere formulation, NH) prior to the northern hemisphere winter, plus placebo prior to the northern hemisphere summer.
Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine (NH formulation)
Round 1 (November): 0.5mL FluQuadri®, Sanofi Pasteur, containing 60μg antigen - 15μg for each influenza strain included - with strains recommended by the WHO for the northern hemisphere formulation

Biological: Placebo
Round 2 (May): 0.5mL normal saline




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in antibody titres [ Time Frame: 30 and 182 days after each vaccination ]
    The difference in antibody titres of participants measured by haemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) assay, evaluated by (1) the proportion of participants who achieve a target rise in antibody titre against each of the vaccine strains at 30 days, and (2) the geometric mean titre (GMT) ratios between the two groups against each of the vaccine strains at 30 days and 182 days. (The targeted rise in antibody titre is defined as the percentage of subjects with either a pre-vaccination HAI titre <10 and a post-vaccination HAI titre ≥40, or a pre-vaccination HAI titre ≥10 and a minimum four-fold rise in post-vaccination HAI antibody titre.)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seroprotection [ Time Frame: 30 days after each vaccination ]
    The proportion of participants who achieve seroprotection defined as an HAI titre ≥40 after each vaccination

  2. CMI responses [ Time Frame: 7 days after each vaccination ]
    The vaccine-induced influenza-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses 7 days post- vaccination, proxy by anti-viral IFNγ production evaluated by Intracellular Cytokine Staining (ICS) assay. Responses for these and other relevant biomarkers are compared to baseline at the time of vaccination.

  3. Adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 days after each vaccination ]
    The rate of adverse events within 30 days after vaccination

  4. PCR confirmed infection [ Time Frame: 182 days after each vaccination ]
    The rate of PCR-confirmed influenza virus infection between each vaccination



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years to 79 Years   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult aged 70-79 years attending GOPCs, DECCs or day care centres for receiving influenza vaccination or medical or preventive care visits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals who show signs of dementia (either confirmed by medical records or do not pass the Mini-cog test) or significant cognitive impairment and are not competent to give their consent.
  • Individuals who report medical conditions not suitable to receive inactivated influenza vaccines, such as:

    • Severe allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) after previous dose of any influenza vaccine; or to a vaccine component, including egg protein;
    • Moderate or severe acute illness with or without fever after any previous influenza vaccination; or
    • A history of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) within 6 weeks of previous influenza vaccination.
  • Individuals, according to medical record, who report medical conditions not suitable to receive intramuscular injection, such as:

    • bleeding disorders
    • habitually taking anticoagulants (with the exception of antiplatelets such as aspirin).
  • Individuals who have any medical conditions not suitable to receive inactivated influenza vaccines as determined by a clinician.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02957890


Locations
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China
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Hong Kong
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Hospital Authority, Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Benjamin COWLING, PhD The University of Hong Kong

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Responsible Party: Dr. Benjamin John Cowling, Professor, The University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02957890     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: YHT004.5
First Posted: November 8, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 3, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs