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Waiting Time. Wasting Time

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02938936
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2018
London School of Economics and Political Science
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Margaret McConnell, Harvard School of Public Health

Brief Summary:
Our study's principle purpose is to determine whether decreasing waiting time before being seen for antenatal care increases demand for and use of antenatal care services in Mozambique.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pregnancy Other: Pre-natal visit scheduling Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This protocol describes a pilot study that will test the impact of a scheduling intervention intended to reduce waiting times for antenatal care. The study will include one intervention health clinic and one control clinic in Maputo, Mozambique. In the intervention facility women attending antenatal care will be informed that if they return at their scheduled date and time they will be seen within one hour by clinic staff rather than having to wait for an indefinite amount of time before being seen for care. Appointment cards will be clipped into ANC cards, which collect routine health data and are kept by women at the end of their ANC visit. Health facility staff will be trained to identify women who return at their scheduled time and to manage patient flow such that scheduled women are received quickly. After the start date of the intervention, all women attending ANC at the health facility will be provided a scheduled return date and time window. Baseline and endline exit interview surveys will be conducted in both intervention and control facilities to compare changes in waiting time, number of ANC visits, and provider satisfaction over the course the study period between clinics.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 597 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Waiting Time. Wasting Time: A Randomized Control Trial to Investigate the Health Impacts of Improving the Quality of Antenatal Care in Mozambique
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 1, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Scheduling Intervention
Pre-natal visit scheduling
Other: Pre-natal visit scheduling
This intervention will include a scheduled date and time for prenatal care follow-up visits. Women in the intervention group seeking care for their first ANC appointment will be offered several appointment slots on their return date by the nurse providing their first ANC visit. Women will be able select among the time options and will be provided an appointment card with their scheduled date and time. Staff will limit the number of scheduled women per hour by maintaining an appointment book. Clinic staff will be trained to differentiate between women returning for a scheduled visit from first prenatal visits, emergencies, and unscheduled return visits. First visits and emergencies will be seen during the first 2 hours after clinic opening and unscheduled women will be seen during a one-hour time slot midday. When women return on their date, they will be seen within one hour of their appointment time by clinic staff.

No Intervention: Control

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in percent of women completing at least 4 prenatal care visits before and after intervention [ Time Frame: During most recent pregnancy, as reported in an exit survey conducted at discharge from delivery at baseline and six months after the start of the scheduling intervention ]
  2. Change in average waiting time before being seen for prenatal care before and after intervention [ Time Frame: Measured for 4 weeks at baseline before the start of the intervention, and for 4 weeks, 3 months after the start of the intervention ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in nurses satisfaction with their job (1-5 scale) [ Time Frame: Measured before the start of the intervention, and 6 months after the start of the intervention ]
  2. Change in proportion of key ANC services respondent reports receiving at most recent prenatal care visit, 9 possible services measured in exit survey at discharge from delivery. [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and 6 months after the start of the intervention ]

    9 key services include:

    • IPTP dose provided, measured by self-report
    • Delivery plan discussed, measured by self-report
    • Hemoglobin test measured by patient report of having had their blood drawn
    • Recommendations for family planning and breast feeding provided, measured by self-report
    • Detection of breech measured by report of the provider palpating the tummy
    • Blood pressure
    • Measurement of uterine height
    • Urine test
    • Recommendation for what to do in emergencies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion criteria for individual study participants enrolled after delivery:

1. Women who delivered at the health facility during the weeks of recruitment

Inclusion criteria for women whose waiting time is measured:

1. Women at the health facility to seek care for antenatal care or another reproductive health service (anticipate total enrollment of 800 women)

Inclusion criteria for the health care provider survey is that the provider

  1. Have worked in the health facility for at least 6 months
  2. The health care worker provides ANC as part of their routine duties (anticipate total enrollment of 4 health care workers)

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion criteria for individual study participants enrolled after delivery:

  1. Women under 18 years of age will be excluded
  2. Women whose babies die during labor or childbirth from the delivery exit interviews

There are no exclusion criteria for the sample of women whose waiting time will be measured There are no exclusion criteria for the health care provider survey

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Margaret McConnell, Assistant Professor of Global Health Economics, Harvard School of Public Health Identifier: NCT02938936    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0344
First Posted: October 19, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Wasting Syndrome
Weight Loss
Body Weight Changes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Metabolic Diseases
Nutrition Disorders