Study of the Role of Soluble Forms of RAGE (sRAGE/esRAGE) as Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. (R-PA14098)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02891213|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2016 by CHU de Reims.
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 7, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 23, 2016
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is the most common systemic autoimmune disease. The clinical manifestations are severe and affect multiple target organs such as the kidney, central nervous system, skin, heart and joints. Despite the progress made in the therapeutic approach with new immunosuppressive regimens, morbi-mortality is still high. Therefore, it's important to identify new biomarkers to help clinicians to predict severity and evolution of the disease for better adaptation of treatments and try to improve the prognosis.
RAGE (Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts) :
RAGE (Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts) is an ubiquitous membrane receptor, involved in development of many diseases such as diabetes, chronic renal failure but also in vascular remodelling, inflammatory, infectious deseases and cancer. RAGE regulates a number of crucial cell processes like inflammation, and tissue and cellular homeostasis.
RAGE is able to bind not only the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) such as pentosidine, carboxymethyllysine (CML), methyl-glyoxal-hydroimidazolone-1 (MG- H1), but also other ligands such as HMGB1 (high mobility group box1), and S100A8/A9 proteins which have been correlated in recent studies to the activity index of SLE. The activation of RAGE leads to a cascade of intracellular signaling and activation of the transcription factor NF-ΚB . NF-ΚB enable the traduction of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-1α ,IFN-γ. In SLE, these cytokines involved in perpetuation of inflammation and tissue damages including lupus nephritis. Moreover, the activation of RAGE induces the expression of adhesion molecule such as sICAM -1 and sVCAM -1 wich were recently involved in SLE vasculitis.
Soluble forms of RAGE, sRAGE and esRAGE :
RAGE is a proinflammatory membrane receptor. But RAGE also exists in soluble plasma forms, esRAGE (secreted form) and sRAGE (a truncated form as cleaved by MMP9 and ADAM10 enzymes). esRAGE and sRAGE have the same ligand-binding specificity as RAGE and may function as a 'decoy receptor' by binding pro-inflammatory ligands and preventing them from accessing cell surface RAGE (Kierdorf and Fritz, 2013). Therefore, both soluble forms have an anti-inflammatory action. Several studies have shown a decrease in circulating levels of sRAGE in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis, or Sjögren Syndrome compared with healthy controls. However, the role of RAGE in SLE remains unknown.
RAGE and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, recent advances :
Our team (Laboratory of Nephrology, CNRS UMR 7369, URCA) showed in a study in lupus RAGE knockout mice (B6/ MRL-FAS lpr/J RAGE-/-) a strong involvement of RAGE in systemic manifestations SLE. Recently, another report showed that sRAGE has an anti-inflammatory effect on the lupus nephritis and could be a potent therapy in mice.
In humans, two studies show a correlation between the plasma level of sRAGE and lupus phenotype ( Nienhuis et al. , 2008).
Working hypothesis :
Based on the results and those of the current studies, the investigators think that RAGE axis and its soluble forms play a crucial role in the complex pathogenesis of SLE.
The investigators hypothesize that plasma levels sRAGE and esRAGE are a reflection of the activity and the development of SLE in humans. Soluble forms of RAGE and ligands may be novel biomarkers of SLE and sRAGE a potent therapeutic target.
|Condition or disease|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||150 participants|
|Official Title:||Study of the Role of Soluble Forms of RAGE (sRAGE/esRAGE) as Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.|
|Study Start Date :||November 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2017|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2017|
LE (Lupus Erythematosus) group
- concentration of RAGE ligands [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02891213
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