Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 10 of 793 for:    LENALIDOMIDE AND cells

Pembrolizumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Eligible for Stem Cell Transplant

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02880228
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 26, 2016
Results First Posted : July 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone work in treating patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma that are eligible for stem cell transplant. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone may work better in treating patients with multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plasma Cell Myeloma Drug: Dexamethasone Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Lenalidomide Biological: Pembrolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the very good partial response (VGPR) or better response rate (>= VGPR) after 4 cycles of pembrolizumab added to standard doses of lenalidomide and dexamethasone, when used as initial therapy in patients with previously untreated symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) in patients, who are considered eligible for stem cell transplantation.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the >= partial response (PR) rate after 4 cycles of treatment with pembrolizumab added to standard doses of lenalidomide and dexamethasone.

II. To determine the >= VGPR response rate at any time during treatment with pembrolizumab added to standard doses of lenalidomide and dexamethasone.

III. To determine the progression free survival and overall survival among patients with previously untreated symptomatic MM following treatment with the combination of pembrolizumab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone.

IV. To determine the toxicities associated with pembrolizumab added to standard doses of lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with previously untreated symptomatic MM.

V. To determine the success rate of stem cell collection following initial therapy with the combination of pembrolizumab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed MM.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. PDL-1 expression on myeloma cells and non-tumor cell compartments from the bone marrow will be assessed at baseline.

II. Measures of T-cell activation / exhaustion will be assessed at baseline and after cycle 1, cycle 2, cycle 3, and cycle 4.

III. Natural killer (NK) cell function and numbers will be evaluated at baseline and after cycle 1, cycle 2, cycle 3, and cycle 4.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO daily on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 22 of course 1, day 15 of course 2, and day 8 of course 3. Courses 1-3 repeat beyond 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may undergo stem cell transplantation after 4 courses of treatment.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months or 6 months for up to 3 years.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Trial of Pembrolizumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Initial Therapy of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Eligible for Stem Cell Transplantation
Actual Study Start Date : September 16, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 6, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 29, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (lenalidomide, dexamethasone, pembrolizumab)
Patients receive lenalidomide PO daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO daily on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 22 of course 1, day 15 of course 2, and day 8 of course 3. Courses 1-3 repeat beyond 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may undergo stem cell transplantation after 4 courses of treatment.
Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Complete Response Plus Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) [ Time Frame: Up to 112 days ]

    The International Myeloma Working Group response criteria was used to assess response to therapy. The proportion of VGPR response at any time during treatment with pembrolizumab added to lenalidomide and dexamethasone will be estimated by the number of patients achieving a VGPR, CR, or sCR at any time divided by the total number of evaluable patients. A very good partial response (VGPR) is defined as as a demonstration of:

    • Serum and urine M-component detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis c or
    • greater than 90% reduction in serum m-component and urine m-component <100 mg/24 h
    • If the only measurable disease is FLC, a ≥90% reduction in the difference between involved and involved FLC levels

    The proportion of successes will be estimated by the number of patients demonstrating a VGPR or better divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated according to the approach of Duffy and Santner.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: From registration to the earliest date of documentation of disease progression or death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time from registration to the earliest date of documentation of disease progression or death due to any cause. Patients who receive subsequent treatment for myeloma before disease progression will be censored on the date of their last disease assessment prior to initiation of the subsequent treatment. Transplant will not be considered subsequent treatment. The distribution of progression-free survival will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  2. Partial Response (PR) [ Time Frame: Up to 112 days ]

    The PR response after 4 cycles of induction treatment with pembrolizumab added to lenalidomide and dexamethasone will be estimated by the number of patients who achieve a PR, VGPR, CR, or sCR after 4 cycles divided by the total number of evaluable patients. A PR is defined by the following criteria:

    • If present at baseline, ≥50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein or to <200 mg/24hrs
    • If the only measurable disease is FLC, a ≥50% reduction in the difference between involved and involved FLC levels
    • If the only measurable disease is BM, a ≥50% reduction in BM PC's (provided the baseline PC's was ≥30%)
    • If present at baseline, ≥50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas

    Exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true success rate will be calculated.


  3. Proportion of Successful Stem Cell Collection [ Time Frame: Up to 112 days ]
    The proportion of successful stem cell collection following initial therapy with the combination of pembrolizumab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed MM will be estimated by the number of patients with a successful stem cell collection divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true successful proportion will be calculated.

  4. Survival Time [ Time Frame: From time of registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Survival time is defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause. The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis and previously untreated active multiple myeloma by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) diagnostic criteria for multiple myeloma
  • Calculated creatinine clearance (using Cockcroft-Gault equation) >= 30 mL/min
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 75000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN
  • Prior therapy for the treatment of solitary plasmacytoma is permitted, but > 7 days should have elapsed from the last day of radiation

    • NOTE: Prior therapy with clarithromycin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), anakinra, pamidronate, or zoledronic acid is permitted; any additional agents not listed must be approved by the principal investigator
  • Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least ONE of the following:

    • Serum monoclonal protein >= 1.0 g/dL
    • > 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis
    • Serum immunoglobulin free light chain >= 10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
  • Provide written informed consent
  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
  • Willing to follow strict birth control measures as suggested by the study

    • Female patients: If they are of childbearing potential, must agree to one of the following:

      • Practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, AND must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject (periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception)
    • Male patients: even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), must agree to one of the following:

      • Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 120 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
      • Must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
      • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject (periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception)
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
  • Willing to provide consent to Institutional Review Board (IRB) number (#) 521-93 and provide research tissue and blood specimens

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or smoldering myeloma
  • Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy or corticosteroids for the treatment of multiple myeloma

    • NOTE: Prior corticosteroid use for the treatment of non-malignant disorders is permitted
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy =< 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease.

    • NOTE: Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection
  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Other co-morbidity which would interfere with patient's ability to participate in trial, e.g. uncontrolled infection, uncompensated heart or lung disease
  • Other concurrent chemotherapy or any ancillary therapy considered investigational

    • NOTE: Bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather than therapy, and are thus allowed while on protocol treatment
  • Peripheral neuropathy >= grade 3 on clinical examination or grade 2 with pain during the screening period
  • Major surgery =< 14 days prior to study registration
  • Radiotherapy =< 14 days prior to registration

    • NOTE: If the involved field is small, 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and administration of study drugs
  • Participation in any other clinical trials with other investigational agents not included in this trial, =< 21 days prior to registration
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs)

    • NOTE: Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Received a live vaccine =< 30 days of planned start of study therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02880228


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic in Florida
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224-9980
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Shaji Kumar Mayo Clinic
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Mayo Clinic:

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02880228     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1588
NCI-2016-01290 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1588 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 26, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 17, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Lenalidomide
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Pembrolizumab
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents