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Obinutuzumab in Combination With Venetoclax in Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02877550
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 24, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research

Brief Summary:
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent yet incurable lymphoma characterized by initial responses to standard therapies, invariably followed by shorter disease free intervals. Obinutuzumab, a novel type II, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody has been approved in combination with chlorambucil for the treatment of previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and in combination with bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab alone for FL who did not respond to, or who progressed during or after treatment with rituximab or a rituximab-containing regimen, or in relapse after such treatment. Additionally, venetoclax, a small molecule Bcl-2 inhibitor, showed single agent activity in relapsed/refractory (R/R) CLL and other B-cell lymphomas, including R/R FL. Preclinical evidence suggests a synergism of the two drugs in vitro as well as in different lymphoma in vivo models. Based on single agent clinical activity and on the preclinical data of the combination of both drugs and aiming to develop a new chemotherapy-free combination regimen, this trial plans to evaluate the combination of obinutuzumab and venetoclax in previously untreated FL patients in need of systemic therapy. This phase I study will provide information on the safety and tolerability together with evidence of preliminary antitumor activity. Combination treatment consists of a 6 cycles of 28 days each. The combination therapy is followed by a 2 years maintenance with obinutuzumab. Dosing of obinutuzumab is as per Swissmedic approval in FL.Venetoclax will be administered in different dose levels according to the trial design.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Follicular Lymphoma Drug: Obinutuzumab Drug: Venetoclax Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Follicular lymphoma is an indolent yet incurable lymphoma characterized by a relapsing-remitting course with initial responses to standard therapies, invariably followed by shorter disease free intervals. In recent years, significant treatment improvements have been achieved, mainly due to the introduction of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab in standard therapies. Unfortunately, most patients invariably relapse and require additional treatment. Therefore new therapies are needed in order to further improve treatment outcomes.

Recent advances in preclinical research and the improved knowledge of the molecular biology of lymphomas have permitted the development of a high number of new therapeutic compounds that inhibit components of altered signaling pathways that drive the genesis of lymphomas and their progression. Additionally, improvements in monoclonal antibody technology have permitted the development of new and active monoclonal antibodies that recognize different antigens on the surface of the lymphoma cells.

Obinutuzumab, a type II, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody has been clinically tested both as single agent as well as in combination with chemotherapy or targeted agents, showing significant clinical activity in CLL and in FL patients that were refractory to rituximab.

Additionally venetoclax, a small molecule Bcl-2 inhibitor has recently advanced into clinical trials, showing a good safety profile and signs of single agent activity in CLL and other B-cell lymphomas, including patients with relapsed/refractory FL. There is interest to further investigate venetoclax in FL, given that the pathogenesis of this lymphoma relies on the chromosomal translocation t(14;18)(q32;q21), which is present in nearly all cases and results in constitutive overexpression of the BCL2 gene, allowing B cells to abrogate the default germinal center apoptotic program.

The combination of these two compounds is interesting given their single agent activity observed in FL. Preclinical studies have demonstrated a synergism both in vitro as well as in vivo models in different lymphomas and the two compounds are currently investigated in combination studies in CLL and with the chemotherapy CHOP regimen in non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

Based on the single agent activity of the two compounds and aiming to develop a new chemotherapy-free combination regimen, this SAKK trial plans to evaluate the combination of obinutuzumab and venetoclax in previously untreated FL patients in need of systemic therapy. There are data with venetoclax in combination with rituximab and bendamustine in relapsed or refractory Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. No significant safety signal has been observed.

In the indication CLL the combination of obinutuzumab and venetoclax is currently investigated in a phase I dose finding trial (NCT01685892). In the currently ongoing CLL 14 trial the combination of obinutuzumab plus venetoclax is randomly compared to obinutuzumab plus chlorambucil within a prospective phase III study. Nevertheless, to the best of our knowledge, the proposed trial is one of the first trials worldwide investigating the combination treatment of obinutuzumab with venetoclax in FL as first line treatment. Given the need to further improve chemotherapy-free approaches in the first-line treatment of patients with FL in need of systemic therapy, this combination may provide an opportunity for an active and well tolerated regimen that does not present the short and long term toxicities of chemotherapy.

This phase I study will provide information on the safety and tolerability together with evidence of preliminary antitumor activity of obinutuzumab in combination with venetoclax in the first line treatment of FL.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of Obinutuzumab in Combination With Venetoclax in Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma Patients
Actual Study Start Date : February 15, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lymphoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part A - dose escalation and part B - dose expansion

Part A: dose escalation:

Combination therapy N= 4-18 pts Cycle 1-6 (1 cycle = 28 days) Obinutuzumab: 1000 mg, i.v. infusion; d1, 8, 15 C1 and d1 C2-6 Venetoclax: p.o. once daily according to dose level (DL)

Part B - dose expansion:

Combination therapy N= up to 25 pts Cycle 1-6 (1 cycle = 28 days) Obinutuzumab: 1000 mg, i.v. infusion d1, 8, 15 C1 and d1 C2-6 Venetoclax: p.o. once daily according to MTD

Part A and part B are followed (in case of no PD) by an obinutuzumab maintenance therapy for 2 years

Drug: Obinutuzumab
Obinutuzumab: 1000 mg, i.v. infusion; d1, 8, 15 C1 and d1 C2-6
Other Names:
  • GA101
  • Gazyvaro
  • Gazyva

Drug: Venetoclax
p.o. once daily according to dose level (DL) or MTD
Other Names:
  • ABT-199
  • GDC-0199
  • Venclexta




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose limiting toxicities (DLT) during the first cycle [ Time Frame: Day 28 of the first cycle ]
    The primary endpoint is the frequency of DLTs which are relevant for the determination of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in the dose escalation phase of the trial.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: at 6 months (combination therapy) and at 2 years (maintenance therapy) ]
  2. Laboratory safety variables [ Time Frame: at 6 months (combination therapy) and at 2 years (maintenance therapy) ]
  3. Complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: at 6 months and 30 months ]
  4. Overall response (OR) based on best response observed during combination therapy. [ Time Frame: at 6 months, based on best response observed during combination therapy, at 30 months and based on best response observed during whole therapy (combination and maintenance) ]
  5. Duration of response [ Time Frame: at 2.5 years ]
  6. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: at 12 months, at 30 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent according to ICH/GCP regulations before registration.
  • Histological diagnosis of FL CD20+; grade 1, 2, 3a; stage III+IV; stage II not suitable for radiotherapy; all FLIPI
  • In need of first systemic therapy
  • At least one two-dimensionally measurable nodal lesion with a longest diameter (LDi) ˃15 mm or a measurable extra nodal lesion with a LDi ˃ 10 mm in CT, PET/CT scan (preferable) or MRI, according to Cheson et al, 2014
  • Bone marrow biopsy within 6 months.
  • Age18-80 years
  • WHO performance status 0-2
  • Adequate bone marrow function
  • Adequate hepatic function
  • Adequate renal function
  • Women of childbearing potential have a negative serum (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [β-hCG]) pregnancy test within 3 days before inclusion into the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • FL stage I
  • Transformation to high-grade DLBCL prior to therapy
  • FL grade 3 b
  • Indolent lymphoma other than FL
  • Known primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
  • Known CNS or leptomeningeal involvement
  • Previous systemic FL therapies
  • History of other malignancy that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results
  • Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or other anticancer therapy in a clinical trial within 30 days prior to registration.
  • Live-virus vaccines treatment within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients regularly taking corticosteroids during the last 30 days, unless administered at a dose equivalent to prednisone ≤ 15 mg/day for indications other than lymphoma or lymphoma-related symptoms
  • Women who are breastfeeding
  • Severe or uncontrolled cardiovascular disease (congestive heart failure NYHA III or IV), unstable angina pectoris, history of myocardial infarction within the last six months, serious arrhythmias requiring medication (with exception of atrial fibrillation or paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia), uncontrolled hypertension (sustained systolic blood pressure > 150 mm Hg and/or diastolic > 100 mm Hg despite antihypertensive therapy)
  • History of cerebrovascular accident or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to registration
  • Known history of

    • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • active/chronic Hepatitis C
    • active/chronic Hepatitis B Virus infection (HBsAg+ and/or HBcAb+)
    • or any active systemic infection requiring intravenous (iv) antimicrobial treatment.

Patients with a history of recurring or chronic infections may be included in the study but caution should be exercised and an infectious disease expert should be consulted before enrollment in the trial.

  • Requires anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (e.g. phenprocoumon, warfarin)
  • Coagulation parameters

    • INR ˃1.5x ULN
    • PT or PTT/aPTT ˃1.5x ULN
  • Requires treatment with strong CYP3A inhibitors (such as fluconazole, ketoconazole, and clarithromycin) and strong CYP3A inducers (such as rifampin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, St. John's wort) 7 days prior to registration
  • Any concomitant drugs contraindicated for use with the trial drugs according to the approved product information (if applicable) or most recent IB (if approved product information not available)
  • Known hypersensitivity to trial drugs or to any component of the trial drugs
  • History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies. Known sensitivity or allergy to murine products
  • Any other serious underlying medical, psychiatric, psychological, familial or geographical condition, which in the judgment of the investigator may interfere with the planned staging, treatment, affect patient compliance or place the patient at high risk from treatment-related complications.
  • Psychiatric disorder precluding understanding information of trial-related topics, giving informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02877550


Locations
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Switzerland
Universitaetsspital Basel
Basel, Switzerland, 4031
Istituto Oncologico della Svizzera Italiana
Bellinzona, Switzerland, 6500
Inselspital, Bern
Bern, Switzerland, CH-3010
Kantonsspital Graubünden
Chur, Switzerland, 7000
Hopital Cantonal Universitaire de Geneve
Geneva, Switzerland, CH-1211
Kantonsspital - St. Gallen
St. Gallen, Switzerland, CH-9007
Sponsors and Collaborators
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Investigators
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Study Chair: Anastasios Stathis, MD IOSI -Ospedale San Giovanni, Bellinzona

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Responsible Party: Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02877550     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SAKK 35/15
2017-001175-23 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 24, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:
untreated Follicular lymphoma
non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Obinutuzumab
Gazyva
Gazyvaro
Venetoclax
Venclexta
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Venetoclax
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Obinutuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological