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Two Cycles Versus Three Cyclle of CCRT for Low Risk Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02871518
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 18, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 10, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hai-Qiang Mai,MD,PhD, Sun Yat-sen University

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of two cycles versus three cycles of Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in treating patients with Low Risk Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma based on pretreatment plasma EBV DNA.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Drug: Cisplatin combine with IMRT Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is endemic in Southern China and Southeast Asia. Several prospective randomized trials have demonstrated that concurrent chemoradiotherapy was superior to radiotherapy alone in the treatment of locoregionally advanced NPC. Concurrently, although cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy was considered as the standard regimen for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, several prospective randomized trials have demonstrated that only 52-63% patients can finished three cycles cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy( DDP, 100mg/m2,D1,D22 and D43), due to chemoradiotherapy induced toxicity. Combined analyses of NPC-9901 and NPC-9902 Trials indicated that the 5-year locoregional failure free survival was insignificant between the patients received between two and three cycles cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Our previous studies have also demonstrated that the five years overall survival, distant metastasis free survival and 5-year locoregional failure free survival was not observed significant difference between the patients received between two and three cycles cisplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy. It indicated that one pressing questions remain to be resolved: can we define the optimal dose so that we can reduce toxicity by avoiding unnecessary overdose or an ineffective phase of treatment? Recently, the quantification of pretreatment plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA, which was considered the most potential biomarker to compliment TNM stage, was demonstrated a useful biomarker for the risk stratification, monitoring and prediction of the prognosis of NPC. The investigators previous study demonstrated that for local and regionally advanced NPC patients with EBV DNA <4,000copies/mL, the 3-year's PFS and DMFS was approximate to 90%. Pretreatment plasma EBV DNA levels might be applied to guide concurrent chemotherapy regimen for local and regionally advanced NPC patients. Therefore, the investigators make a hypothesis that the low risk locoregionally advanced NPC patients received two cycles of chemotherapy may gain similar long-term survival as those received three cycles of chemotherapy, leading to less chemotherapy induced toxicity. Therefore, this phase II non-inferiority, randomised controlled clinical trial was designed to assess efficacy for low-risk patients, identified with pretreatment plasma EBV DNA <4,000 copies/mL, received two cycle cisplatin-based chemotherapy compared with three cycle cisplatin-based chemotherapy

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 236 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Non-inferiority Study of Two Cycles Versus Three Cycles of Cisplatin Based Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy for Low Risk Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Based on Pretreatment Plasma EBV DNA Level
Study Start Date : August 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Cisplatin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Two cycle CCRT
Concurrent cisplatin(100mg/m2,D1,D22)combine with IMRT
Drug: Cisplatin combine with IMRT
Concurrent cisplatin (100mg/m2,D1,D22) combine with IMRT
Other Name: DDP

Active Comparator: Three cycle CCRT
Concurrent cisplatin(100mg/m2,D1,D22 and D43)combine with IMRT
Drug: Cisplatin combine with IMRT
Concurrent cisplatin (100mg/m2,D1,D22 and D43) combine with IMRT
Other Name: DDP




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progress-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Progress-free survival is calculated from the date of randomization to the date of the first progress at any site or death from any cause or censored at the date of the last follow-up


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The shor-term toxic effects [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The shorterm toxic effects were assessed by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4.0)

  2. Complete Response (CR) [ Time Frame: after the completion of the chemoradiotherapy treatment (up to 9 weeks) ]
    CR assessed by independent reviewers, according to the Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Disease response evaluated after the completion of the chemoradiotherapy treatment. Complete response defined as the complete disappearance of the target and non-target lesion(s) identified at baseline after radiological evaluation by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) only

  3. Overall Survival(OS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The OS was defined as the duration from the date of random assignment to the date of death from any cause or censored at the date of the last follow-up

  4. Locoregional Relapse-Free Survival(LRRFS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The LRRFS is evaluated and calculated from the date of random assignment until the day of first locoregional relapse or until the date of the last follow-up visit

  5. Distant Metastasis-Free Survival (DMFS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The DMFS is evaluated and calculated from the date of random assignment until the day of first distant metastases or until the date of the last follow-up visit

  6. Cost-effectiveness analysis [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The cost (including direct cost drug fees, inspection fees, expenses and nursing cost) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated between two arms

  7. The monitoring of plasma EBV DNA [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The plasma EBV DNA will be detected before treatment ,during treatment (weekly) and during follow up( every 3-6 months)

  8. Long-term toxicities [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Patients will be monitored for long-term toxicity by standard NIH criteria. QoL was assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (EORTCQLQ-C30) and EORTC QLQ Head and Neck



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with newly histologically confirmed non-keratinizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma, including WHO II or III
  • Original clinical staged as T3-4N0-3 M0 or any T、N2-3M0(according to the 7th AJCC edition)
  • No evidence of distant metastasis (M0)
  • Pretreatment Plasm EB Virus DNA<4000copies/ml
  • Male and no pregnant female
  • Satisfactory performance status: ECOG (Eastern Cooperative OncologyGroup) scale 0-1
  • WBC ≥ 4×109 /L and PLT ≥4×109 /L and HGB ≥90 g/L
  • With normal liver function test (ALT、AST ≤ 2.5×ULN, TBIL≤ 2.0×ULN)
  • With normal renal function test (Creatinine ≤ 1.5×ULN)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients have evidence of relapse or distant metastasis
  • Histologically confirmed keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (WHO I)
  • Receiving radiotherapy or chemotherapy previously
  • The presence of uncontrolled life-threatening illness
  • Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus or infant.
  • Receiving other ways of anti-cancer therapy.
  • Suffered from other malignant tumors (except the cure of basal cell carcinoma or uterine cervical carcinoma in situ) previously.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02871518


Contacts
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Contact: Lin-Quan Tang, MD,PHD 8602087343643 tanglq@sysucc.org.cn

Locations
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China, Guangdong
Department of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center Recruiting
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 510060
Contact: Haiqiang Mai, MD,Ph.D    86-20-8734-3643    maihq@mail.sysu.edu.cn   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sun Yat-sen University

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Responsible Party: Hai-Qiang Mai,MD,PhD, the vice director of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Sun Yat-sen University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02871518     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: cycle of CCRT and NPC
First Posted: August 18, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2016
Last Verified: November 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Carcinoma
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents