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Helping In-patients to Quit Smoking by Understanding Their Risk Perception, Behavior, and Attitudes Related to Smoking

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866760
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. LI William Ho Cheung, The University of Hong Kong

Brief Summary:
This study aims at understanding the needs and concerns of Chinese current smoking patients, including their risk perceptions, and the behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation. Specifically, how smokers overcome withdrawal symptoms and cigarette cravings, as a result of banning on smoking in hospitals, will be explored. In addition, whether smokers will stop, resume or continue smoking after hospitalization will be investigated.

Condition or disease
Smoking

Detailed Description:

As about 400,000 hospitalizations are attributable to smoking annually in Hong Kong, it is an excellent "teachable moment" for healthcare professionals to help patients quit smoking. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the needs and concerns of Chinese current smoking patients, including their risk perceptions, and the behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation. The findings of this study have important implications for research and clinical practice.

Understanding how hospitalized smokers perceive the risks of smoking, and their behaviour, attitudes, experiences related to smoking, as well as their view on hospital smoking cessation service are essential prerequisites for the design of an effective and appropriate smoking cessation intervention that can help patients achieve a greater level of smoking abstinence and a lower level of relapse. Moreover, the results of this study can guide the development of protocols and interventions that will demystify the misconceptions about smoking among hospitalized smokers, increase their perception of the risks of continued smoking and benefits of quitting. Additionally, it is crucial to motivate more healthcare professionals to assess health behaviors of hospitalized smokers and to implement evidence-based interventions to help them quit smoking. Most importantly, healthcare professionals should be offered relevant training so as to enhance their self-efficacy and confidence in promoting smoking cessation to patients.

The study consists of 2 phases. During phase 1, a purposive sample of 30 current adult smokers who admit to either medical or surgical units of one of the largest cute hospitals in Hong Kong will be invited to have a 60-minute semi-structured interview. The risk perceptions, and the behaviour, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation amongst Chinese current smoking patients will be explored. Concerning phase 2, a convenience sample of 382 adult patients who are current smokers or ex-smokers in the three out-patient clinics will be invited to response to the questionnaires. Based on the findings of Phase 1 study, a survey study will be conducted to further explore the behaviour, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation amongst those patient who smoked before their admission to hospitals.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 412 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Helping In-patients to Quit Smoking by Understanding Their Risk Perception, Behavior, and Attitudes Related to Smoking
Study Start Date : July 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 29, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 29, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation among Chinese current smoking patients [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    1. smoking patients' risk perceptions, and the behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation
    2. how they overcome withdrawal symptoms and cigarette cravings, as well as their view on hospital smoking cessation service


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation among those patients who smoked before their admission to hospitals [ Time Frame: 10 months ]
    whether they (1) experience withdrawal symptoms or cigarette cravings and depressive symptoms during and after hospitalization (2)receive medical advice for quitting during hospitalization (3) have stopped, resumed or continued smoking after hospitalization (4) have intention to quit (5) have an increase in the risk perception toward smoking.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Phase 1 Qualitative study:

Chinese patients admitting to either medical or surgical units of one of the largest acute hospital in Hong Kong for physical discomfort.

Phase 2 Survey study:

Chinese patients attending one of the three general outpatient clinics at different regions in Hong Kong for medical follow-up.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. aged 18 years or above
  2. able to speak Cantonese Phase 1:(3) current smokers, either occasional or daily(4) hospitalized for at least 48 hours Phase 2:(3) current smokers who have resumed smoking or ex-smokers who have quitted smoking after hospitalization(4) admitted to hospitals, either medical or surgical units during the past 3 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. unstable medical conditions, as advised by the doctor in charge
  2. poor cognitive state or active psychotic symptoms

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02866760


Locations
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China
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ho Cheung William Li, PhD The University of Hong Kong

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Dr. LI William Ho Cheung, Associate Professor, The University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866760     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: In-patient
First Posted: August 15, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Dr. LI William Ho Cheung, The University of Hong Kong:
Smoking Cessation