Helping In-patients to Quit Smoking by Understanding Their Risk Perception, Behavior, and Attitudes Related to Smoking
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866760|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2018
|Condition or disease|
As about 400,000 hospitalizations are attributable to smoking annually in Hong Kong, it is an excellent "teachable moment" for healthcare professionals to help patients quit smoking. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the needs and concerns of Chinese current smoking patients, including their risk perceptions, and the behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation. The findings of this study have important implications for research and clinical practice.
Understanding how hospitalized smokers perceive the risks of smoking, and their behaviour, attitudes, experiences related to smoking, as well as their view on hospital smoking cessation service are essential prerequisites for the design of an effective and appropriate smoking cessation intervention that can help patients achieve a greater level of smoking abstinence and a lower level of relapse. Moreover, the results of this study can guide the development of protocols and interventions that will demystify the misconceptions about smoking among hospitalized smokers, increase their perception of the risks of continued smoking and benefits of quitting. Additionally, it is crucial to motivate more healthcare professionals to assess health behaviors of hospitalized smokers and to implement evidence-based interventions to help them quit smoking. Most importantly, healthcare professionals should be offered relevant training so as to enhance their self-efficacy and confidence in promoting smoking cessation to patients.
The study consists of 2 phases. During phase 1, a purposive sample of 30 current adult smokers who admit to either medical or surgical units of one of the largest cute hospitals in Hong Kong will be invited to have a 60-minute semi-structured interview. The risk perceptions, and the behaviour, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation amongst Chinese current smoking patients will be explored. Concerning phase 2, a convenience sample of 382 adult patients who are current smokers or ex-smokers in the three out-patient clinics will be invited to response to the questionnaires. Based on the findings of Phase 1 study, a survey study will be conducted to further explore the behaviour, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation amongst those patient who smoked before their admission to hospitals.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||412 participants|
|Official Title:||Helping In-patients to Quit Smoking by Understanding Their Risk Perception, Behavior, and Attitudes Related to Smoking|
|Study Start Date :||July 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 29, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 29, 2017|
- The behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation among Chinese current smoking patients [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
- smoking patients' risk perceptions, and the behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation
- how they overcome withdrawal symptoms and cigarette cravings, as well as their view on hospital smoking cessation service
- The behavior, attitudes, and experiences related to smoking and smoking cessation among those patients who smoked before their admission to hospitals [ Time Frame: 10 months ]whether they (1) experience withdrawal symptoms or cigarette cravings and depressive symptoms during and after hospitalization (2)receive medical advice for quitting during hospitalization (3) have stopped, resumed or continued smoking after hospitalization (4) have intention to quit (5) have an increase in the risk perception toward smoking.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02866760
|The University of Hong Kong|
|Hong Kong, China|
|Principal Investigator:||Ho Cheung William Li, PhD||The University of Hong Kong|