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Immune Checkpoint Inhibition in Combination With Radiation Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer or Biliary Tract Cancer Patients (CheckPAC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866383
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Inna Chen, MD, Herlev Hospital

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, randomized, open-label phase 2 study in patients with metastatic PC or BTC refractory or intolerant to at least one line of prior systemic chemotherapy with gemcitabine or platinum-containing regimens to determine the efficacy and safety of nivolumab or nivolumab plus ipilimumab administered concurrently with high dose RT. Patients with metastatic PC or BTC who are feasible candidates for radiation and biopsy of primary and/or metastatic lesions will be included.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Metastatic Biliary Tract Cancer Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Ipilimumab Radiation: Radiotherapy Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized, Open-label Phase 2 Study of Immune Checkpoint Inhibition, Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Combination With Radiation Therapy in Pretreated Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer or Biliary Tract Cancer.
Actual Study Start Date : November 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab & Radiotherapy
Patients will receive nivolumab 3 mg/kg over 60 minutes as an IV infusion on day 1 just after RT and then every 2 weeks (q2w), for a maximum of 52 weeks
Drug: Nivolumab
3 mg/kg is given over 60 minutes I.V. on day 1 just after radiation and then every 2 weeks (q2w)
Other Name: Opdivo®

Radiation: Radiotherapy
15 Gy x 1 fraction given on day 1

Experimental: Nivolumab & Ipilimumab & Radiotherapy
Patients will receive nivolumab 3 mg/kg over 60 minutes as an IV infusion on day 1 just after RT. Thirty minutes after the completion of nivolumab infusion patients will receive ipilimumab 1 mg/kg over 90 minutes IV as an IV infusion. Nivolumab will be given every 2 weeks (q2w) and ipilimumab every 6 weeks (q6w), respectively for a maximum of 52 weeks
Drug: Nivolumab
3 mg/kg is given over 60 minutes I.V. on day 1 just after radiation and then every 2 weeks (q2w)
Other Name: Opdivo®

Drug: Ipilimumab
1 mg/kg is given over 90 minutes I.V. on day 1 30 minutes after the completion of nivolumab infusion and then every 6 weeks IV (q6w)
Other Name: Yervoy®

Radiation: Radiotherapy
15 Gy x 1 fraction given on day 1




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Stable disease (SD) or complete response (CR) or partial response (PR)according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety] [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessment based on AEs, SAEs, laboratory abnormalities

  2. CBR [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    CBR according to modified immune-related Response Criteria (irRC)

  3. Overall response rate (ORR) according to RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    PR or CR according to RECIST 1.1

  4. Overall response rate (ORR) according to modified irRC [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    PR or CR according to modified irRC

  5. Progression free survival (PFS) per RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Time from the date of randomization until the date of PD determined by investigator assessment of objective radiographic disease assessments per RECIST 1.1, or death due to any cause if sooner

  6. Progression free survival (PFS) per modified irRC [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Time from the date of randomization until the date of PD determined by investigator assessment of objective radiographic disease assessments per modified irRC, or death due to any cause if sooner

  7. Overall survival (OS) probability at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The Kaplan-Meier estimate of proportion of patients that survived from the date of randomization by 6 months

  8. OS [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Time from the date of randomization until death due to any cause

  9. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (QLQ-C30) Version 3.0



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent

    • Subjects must have signed and dated an IRB/IEC approved written informed consent form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained before the performance of any protocol related procedures that are not part of normal subject care
    • Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory testing, and other requirements of the study
  • Histopathological confirmation of pancreatic adenocarcinoma or BTC prior to entering this study OR histopathological confirmation of carcinoma in the setting of clinical and radiological characteristics which, together with the pathology, are consistent with a diagnosis of PC or BTC
  • At least one measurable primary in-situ (or locally-recurrent) or metastatic tumor must be present and, in the opinion of radiation oncologist, be amenable to RT as planned in the protocol and at least one additional metastatic tumor that will not undergo RT and which is measurable according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. Both lesions must be accessible for image-guided percutaneous biopsy
  • There is no upper limit on the number of prior chemotherapy regimens received. Patients must have received and failed or intolerance to at least one line of prior systemic chemotherapy with gemcitabine or platinum-containing regimens for unresectable and/or metastatic PC or BTC
  • Age > 18 years and older
  • Life expectancy greater than 3 months
  • ECOG/WHO Performance Status (PS) 0-1
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
  • White blood cell count (WBC) ≥ 2 x 10⁹/L
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10⁹/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 5,6 mmol/l
  • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10⁹/L
  • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (patients with Gilbert's Syndrome must have a total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
  • ASAT/ALAT ≤ 3 x ULN ( < 5 x ULN if known liver metastasis)
  • PP ≥ 40 or INR ≤ 1.5
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or CrCl ≥ 40 mL/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use method(s) of contraception as indicated per protocol. For a teratogenic study drug and/or when there is insufficient information to assess teratogenicity (preclinical studies have not been done), a highly effective method(s) of contraception (failure rate of less than 1% per year) is required. The individual methods of contraception and duration should be determined in consultation with the investigator. WOCBP must follow instructions for birth control when the half-life of the investigational drug is greater than 24 hours, contraception should be continued for a period of 30 days plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo five half-lives. The half-life of nivolumab and ipilimumab is up to 25 days and 18 days, respectively. WOCBP should therefore use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.
  • WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab
  • Women must not be breastfeeding
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year The investigator shall review contraception methods and the time period that contraception must be followed. Men that are sexually active with WOCBP must follow instructions for birth control when the half-life of the investigational drug is greater than 24 hours, contraception should be continued for a period of 90 days plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo five half-lives. The half-life of nivolumab and ipilimumab is up to 25 days and 18 days, respectively. Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must continue contraception for 31 weeks (90 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half lives) after the last dose of investigational drug. Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception
  • Subjects must have signed and dated a BIOPAC IRB/IEC approved written informed consent form and patients with BTC must have signed and dated a CHOCA in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained before the performance of any protocol related procedures that are not part of normal subject care

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Malignant ascites that is clinically detectable by physical examination or is symptomatic. Evidence of radiographic ascites that is not clinically significant will not be exclusion criteria
  • Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
  • No chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or major surgery within the last 2 weeks prior to entering the study
  • Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or interfere with the interpretation of study results
  • Patients should be excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
  • Patients should be excluded if they are positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • As there is potential for hepatic toxicity with nivolumab or nivolumab/ipilimumab combinations, drugs with a predisposition to hepatoxicity should be used with caution in patients treated with nivolumab- and ipilimumab containing regimen
  • Patients should be excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction

    • History of allergy to study drug components
    • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  • WOCBP who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Women with a positive pregnancy test at enrollment or prior to administration of study medication
  • Patients are excluded if they have active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for [lowest minimum is 4 weeks or more] after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab administration. There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02866383


Contacts
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Contact: Inna Chen, MD +45 38682898 Inna.Chen@regionh.dk
Contact: Dorte Nielsen, MD DMSc +45 38682344 Dorte.Nielsen.01@regionh.dk

Locations
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Denmark
Herlev & Gentofte Hospital Recruiting
Herlev, Denmark, 2730
Contact: Inna Chen, MD    +45 38 68 28 98    Inna.Chen@regionh.dk   
Contact: Dorte Nielsen, DMSc    +45 38 68 23 44    Dorte.Nielsen.01@regionh.dk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Herlev Hospital
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Inna Chen, MD Herlev and Gentofte Hospital

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Responsible Party: Inna Chen, MD, Staff Specialist, Herlev Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866383     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GI 1616
First Posted: August 15, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 12, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents