Respiratory Pathogens of Patients With Asthma and COPD Exacerbations
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02866357|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2019
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To assess the infective etiologies by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) of acute exacerbation of COPD and asthma who required hospitalization.
To identify the HRV subtypes that are associated with COPD and asthmaexacerbations.
To assess if the infective aetiologies have associations with the clinical outcome of the patients.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|COPD||Other: No intervention|
Objective: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma exacerbations both contribute to significant health care burden. Viral infections are important cause of acute exacerbation of COPD and asthma.
Hypothesis to be tested: 1. Assess infective etiologies by Multiplex Molecular Detection of nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) of patients with acute exacerbation of COPD and asthma; 2. Identify the human rhinovirus (HRV) (the commonest virus causing exacerbations) subtypes involved; 3.Assess if the infective etiologies have associations with clinical outcome of the patients.
Design and subjects: Prospective observational study. Patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbation of COPD and asthma. Stable COPD and asthma patients will be recruited as controls.
Study instruments: Multiplex Molecular Detection of respiratory pathogens from NPA. Clinical data of the patient will be collected and spirometry will be performed.
Interventions: NPA collection from subjects. Main outcome measures: Primary aim is assessment of the prevalence of different viruses in relation to acute exacerbation of asthma and COPD. Secondary aim is to assess if a certain pathogen is associated with clinical outcomes including duration of hospitalization and 30 and 60 day readmissions and mortality Data analysis: Data will be analyzed by the Statistical Package of the Social Science Statistical software for Window, Version 22 (IBM SPSS Inc, IL, USA). Statistical methods including chi-square test, student t test and ANOVA will be used as appropriate.
Expected results: Understanding the epidemiology of respiratory viruses in COPD and asthma exacerbations allows further investigations of treatment options and gives information about the prognosis.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||1000 participants|
|Official Title:||Multiplex Molecular Detection of Respiratory Pathogens of Adult Patients Admitted to Hospital for Exacerbation of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Their Clinical Outcomes.|
|Study Start Date :||August 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2018|
- Other: No intervention
Just collection of nasopharyngeal aspirate for assessment
- Prevalence of different types of viruses [ Time Frame: 1 month ]Prevalence of different types of viruses
- Clincial outcomes [ Time Frame: 60 days ]The secondary aim is to assess if a certain pathogen has association with clinical outcomes including duration of hospitalization and 30 and 60 day readmissions and mortality.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
|Sampling Method:||Non-Probability Sample|
For COPD patients, patients who are admitted to the Prince of Wales Hospital with AECOPD will be screened for this study. AECOPD is defined when a patient with background COPD (with lung function parameters of FEV1/FVC ratio <70%)24 presented with at least two of the following major symptoms (increased dyspnoea, increased sputum purulence, increased sputum volume) or one major and one minor symptom (nasal discharge/congestion, wheeze, sore throat, cough) for at least two consecutive days.25,26
- Patients who has background COPD as mentioned above fulfilling the exacerbation criteria
- Age ≥40 years
For asthma patients, patients who are admitted to the Prince of Wales Hospital with asthma exacerbation will be screened for this study. Acute exacerbation of asthma is defined when an asthma patient presents with increasing dyspnea, wheeze or cough.
- Patients who has background asthma (defined as those with a consistent history and prior documented evidence of variable airflow obstruction, with evidence of an increase in FEV1 greater than 12% or 400 mL following bronchodilator or bronchial hyperresponsiveness on bronchial provocation testing, when stable)6 with any of the above exacerbation criteria for at least 2 consecutive days.
- Age ≥18 years
Control asthma and COPD subjects will be recruited from the respiratory clinic of the Prince of Wales Hospital. Subjects will be matched for age, sex and lung function of the COPD and asthma subjects. All recruited COPD subjects should have FEV1/FVC ratio of <70%. For asthma patients, they should have a clinical diagnosis of asthma (defined as those with a consistent history and prior documented evidence of variable airflow obstruction, with evidence of an increase in FEV1 greater than 12% or 400 mL following bronchodilator or bronchial hyperresponsiveness on bronchial provocation testing, when stable). These subjects should have no exacerbation of asthma or COPD 6 weeks prior to the assessment.
Exclusion criteria for all patients:
- History of lung resection or other significant pulmonary disease like pulmonary fibrosis.
- Active infection like pulmonary tuberculosis
- Unable to complete assessment due to physical and/or cognitive impairment
- Having short life expectancy like subjects with terminal malignancy or intractable heart failure.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02866357
|Prince of Wales Hospital|
|Shatin, Hong Kong|
|Study Chair:||David S Hui, MD||Chinese University of Hong Kong|
|Responsible Party:||Fanny W.S. Ko, Honorary Associate Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||August 15, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||February 1, 2019|
|Last Verified:||January 2019|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|