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Volasertib and Vincristine Sulfate Liposome in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02861040
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : August 10, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 15, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Northwestern University

Brief Summary:

The main purpose of this investigational research study is to determine how safe and tolerable the study drug volasertib is in combination with liposomal vincristine (Marqibo; an FDA-approved drug) in patients with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia. While VSLI demonstrated an overall response rate of 35% in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) patients that had failed to respond to or relapsed after chemotherapy, combining it with other agents may increase clinical benefit.

Volasertib inhibits proteins involved in the cell cycle that are increased in ALL. When volasertib inhibits these proteins ALL cells die. In the laboratory, volasertib has been shown to increase activity of vincristine against ALL cells. Therefore, we think the combination of volasertib and VSLI will be more effective against your leukemia than either drug used alone. This study will try to find out what effects, good and/or bad, this drug combination has on the patient and their cancer, and to find a dose that may be used in future studies.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Refractory Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Liposome Drug: Volasertib Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination of volasertib and vincristine sulfate liposomal injection (VSLI) in relapsed/refractory (RR) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the toxicity profile of volasertib and VSLI, rate of complete remission (with or without complete hematologic recovery; complete response [CR]/CR with incomplete hematologic recovery [CRi]), duration of remission (DOR), rate of minimal residual disease (MRD)-negativity, progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), 30-day mortality rate.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if volasertib and polo-like kinase (plk)-inhibition down-regulates the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway.

II. Whether plk and mTOR inhibition correlates with clinical response to treatment. III. to determine if volasertib acts synergistically to potentiate the bioavailability and distribution of VSLI.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of volasertib.

Patients receive volasertib intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1 and vincristine sulfate liposome IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression, development of an inter-current illness that prevents further administration of treatment, unacceptable toxicity, patient decides to withdraw or treating investigator determines that the patient should be taken off treatment for any reason.

After completion of study, patients are followed up every 28 days for up to 1 year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Clinical Trial Evaluating the Combination of Volasertib (BI-6727) With Vincristine Sulfate Liposomal Injections (VSLI) in Adult Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Study Start Date : August 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (volasertib, vincristine sulfate liposome)
Patients receive volasertib IV over 1 hour on day 1 and vincristine sulfate liposome IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression, development of an inter-current illness that prevents further administration of treatment, unacceptable toxicity, patient decides to withdraw or treating investigator determines that the patient should be taken off treatment for any reason.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Liposome
Given IV
Other Name: Marqibo

Drug: Volasertib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BI 6727
  • BI-6727
  • Polo-like Kinase 1 Inhibitor BI 6727




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: Up to day 1 of cycle 2 ]
    Determine the MTD of volasertib and VSLI in RR ALL, the MTD will be defined as the highest dose level at which ≤ 1 Dose-Limiting Toxicity (DLT) occurs in 6 patients and will be assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of complete remission (CR/Cri) [ Time Frame: After every 2 even number cycles during treatment then every 28 days up to 1 year during follow-up ]
    Evaluate the rate of complete remission (with or without complete hematologic recovery; CR/CRi). Rates will be based on the number and percentage of patients that achieve a CR/CRi. Response will be assessed by bone marrow biopsy and blood counts.

  2. Duration of Remission (DOR) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from end of treatment ]
    DOR will be defined from the time, measured in months, of CR or CRi until disease progression.

  3. Minimal Residual Disease (MRD-negativity) rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    The rate of MRD-negativity will be assessed in bone marrow mononuclear cells by multi-color flow cytometry analysis.

  4. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from end of treatment ]
    PFS will be defined as the time from treatment initiation until disease progression.

  5. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from end of treatment ]
    OS is defined as the time from treatment initiation until death from any cause.

  6. 30-day mortality rate [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days from the first dose of treatment ]
    Evaluated as the number of patients deceased within the first 30 days from the first dose of treatment.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein expression [ Time Frame: On cycle 1 day 1 and then 48 hours after 1st volasertib dose ]
    mTOR phosphoprotein expression levels before and after treatment with volasertib will be analyzed using blood samples which will determine whether protein levels are down-regulated after volasertib exposure.

  2. mTOR phosphoprotein expression levels and clinical response [ Time Frame: On cycle 1 day 1 and then 48 hours after 1st volasertib dose ]
    Assess statistical correlation of decreased mTOR phosphoprotein expression levels with clinical response to treatment with volasertib and VSLI.

  3. Interaction of Volasertib with VSLI in vivo [ Time Frame: At day 1 of cycle 1 ]
    Determine if volasertib acts synergistically to potentiate the bioavailability and distribution of VSLI using blood samples.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of Philadelphia-negative ALL by bone marrow biopsy or aspirate
  • Patients must have >= 5% blasts in the bone marrow
  • Patients must have refractory disease, disease relapse or progression after at least two prior systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy regimens

    • Note: Exceptions may be made if a patient is deemed unfit for first-line salvage therapy by the treating physician; such cases should be clearly documented
  • Patients with a history of CNS (central nervous system) leukemia are eligible if they are not symptomatic from current CNS involvement; if there is CNS involvement that is known prior to enrollment or identified subsequently, it will be treated accordingly with intrathecal chemotherapy per the treating physician
  • Patients must exhibit an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2
  • Patients must have adequate organ function within 14 days prior to registration, as defined below:
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SPGT]) =< 3 x ULN
  • Creatinine =< 2 X ULN
  • Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) and males must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 6 months following completion of therapy; should a female patient become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

    • NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

      • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy
      • Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months)
  • FOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test within 14 days prior to registration on study
  • Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration on study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events (=< grade 1 or patient's baseline) due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier are not eligible
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents within 7 days of registration
  • Patients may not be receiving any medications that are known to prolong QT interval unless reviewed and approved by the principal investigator (PI)
  • Patients who have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to volasertib or VSLI are not eligible
  • Subject may not have had hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) meeting any of the following:

    • Is within 2 months of transplant from cycle 1 day 1 (C1D1)
    • Has clinically significant graft-versus-host disease requiring treatment
    • Has >= grade 2 persistent non-hematological toxicity related to the transplant
    • Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is not permitted < 30 days prior to study registration
  • Patients with >= grade 2 sensory or motor neuropathy are not eligible
  • Fridericia's corrected QT (QTcF) prolongation > 470 ms or QT prolongation deemed clinically relevant by the investigator (e.g., congenital long QT syndrome); the QTcF will be calculated as the mean of the 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) taken at screening

    • NOTE: The formula used to calculate QTcF can be physician's choice, but it must be used consistently throughout the study
  • Patients who have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to any of the following, are not eligible:

    • Ongoing or active infection requiring systemic treatment
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure (>= class 3)
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would, in the investigator's opinion, limit compliance with study requirements
    • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
    • Known John Cunningham virus (JC) virus infection and/or progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
    • Known clinically active hepatitis A, B, or C infections

      • NOTE: Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may enroll if other laboratory criteria are met; those with HBV surface antigen positivity may enroll only if maintained on appropriate suppressive antiviral therapy for the duration of enrollment in the trial
    • Second malignancy that requires active treatment
    • Any other illness or condition that the treating investigator feels would interfere with study compliance or would compromise the patient's safety or study endpoints
  • Female patients who are pregnant or nursing are not eligible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02861040


Locations
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United States, California
Stanford University
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Shira Dinner, MD Northwestern University
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Responsible Party: Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02861040    
Other Study ID Numbers: NU 16H06
STU00203179 ( CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NU 16H06 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University )
P30CA060553 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
NCI-2016-01036 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: August 10, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 15, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Vincristine
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action