Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Circulating Levels of Sirtuin 4 in Obese Subjects
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02840981|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 21, 2016
The Mediterranean diet (MD), a healthy dietary pattern based on some common dietary characteristics in Mediterranean countries, is associated with high antioxidant capacity linked to the low saturated fat intake that might contribute to reduce free fatty acid (FFA) availability and oxidation in mitochondria, thus reducing the production of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) superoxide, and promoting cellular health. To assess the adherence to the MD, a simple 14-item questionnaire had been tested in different settings by the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) multicenter, randomized, primary prevention trial. On the other hand, to allow a more an accurate measurement of the actual macro and micronutrient intakes, including dietary anti-oxidant micronutrients, the 7-day food records is considered as the "gold standard" of self-administered food frequency questionnaires.
Circulating levels of Sirtuin 4 (Sirt4), part of a complex of proteins that control diverse biological processes, including lipid metabolism, are low in obese patients, as a possible attempt to decrease fat oxidative capacity and mitochondrial ROS production, however promoting ectopic liver fat storage.
The phase angle (PA), a measure determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and the visceral adiposity index (VAI), a gender-specific mathematical index based on simple anthropometric and metabolic parameters, represent well-validated, reliable and widely used markers of cellular health and ectopic adipose distribution and function, respectively. The fatty liver index (FLI) is a surrogate measure for fatty liver recently proposed as an independent predictor for diabetes mellitus.
Aim of the present study was to investigate in adult obese individuals the levels of Sirt4 according to the adherence to the MD evaluated by PREDIMED questionnaire, focusing on the possible association with single dietary components evaluated by 7-day food records, and to evaluate the association between circulating levels of Sirt4 and PA, as marker of cellular health, VAI, as index of adipocyte dysfunction, and FLI, as a predictor of fatty liver.
|Condition or disease|
|Mediterranean Diet Nutrition Sirtuin 4 Obesity|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||43 participants|
|Official Title:||Obese Patients Adhering to Mediterranean Diet Show Less Reduced Circulating Levels of Sirtuin 4|
|Study Start Date :||December 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2016|
- Adherence to Mediterranean Diet by Predimed Questionnaire [ Time Frame: December 2013 to September 2015 ]
- Circulating Levels of Sirtuin 4 by ELISA method [ Time Frame: December 2013 to September 2015 ]
- Obesity by Body Mass Index [ Time Frame: December 2013 to September 2015 ]