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Effects of Kinesio Taping on Performance

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02840734
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 21, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Suk H. Lee, Texas A&M University San Antonio

Brief Summary:
This study investigated the immediate effects of Kinesio taping on muscular power, strength, endurance, and lower limb fatigue when taping is applied to rectus femoris and around the patella of obese adults based on Kinesio taping techniques.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Other: Kinesio taping Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, double-blind, crossover, and clinical trial. Ethical approval was obtained from the University's Institutional Review Board (#2015-51). Participants were recruited by flyers posted on the University campus. Informed consent was completed by all participants prior to the study procedures. The subjects were obese college students. A total of 13 subjects, four males and nine females (mean age of 24.38 ± 3.01 years, mean percent body fat of 39.10 ± 6.91 % [male: 41.93 ± 7.47 %, female: 38.16 ± 6.91 %]), were enrolled this study. All subjects underwent three different trials which include no taping (NT), placebo taping (PT), and Kinesio taping (KT). All individuals were assessed for peak and mean power, muscular strength, endurance, and muscle fatigue after each condition.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Kinesio Taping and Muscular Function in Obese Adults
Study Start Date : March 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Fatigue

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Kinesio taping
All subjects wore an eye mask and the taped leg was covered by clothes for preventing subjects and researchers from identifying different tapings due to double-blinding. Subjects layed down on the mat in a supine position with the hip flexed 30º and the knee flexed 60º. Y type tape was applied from a point 10 cm below the anterior superior iliac spine, bisected at the junction between quadriceps femoris tendon and the patella, ending at its inferior side. And another Y type tape was applied from the tibial tuberosity, bisected at the junction between patella tendon and the patella, ending at its superior side. The first 5 cm tape was not stretched and acted as the anchor. I type tapes were applied downward and inward to the superior and inferior meniscus of the patella respectively.
Other: Kinesio taping
This study was conducted in a randomized crossover double-blind design. Each subject was tested for muscular power, strength, endurance, and fatigue of the lower extremities under three conditions: 1) NT (no taping), 2) PT (placebo taping, 3M tape) and 3) KT (Kinesio taping). For allocation of treatment sequence, the participants drew straws for which treatment first (each treatment indicated different numbers).
Other Name: Placebo taping

Placebo Comparator: Placebo taping
Placebo tapes (3M tape) were applied with same method with Kinesio taping.
Other: Kinesio taping
This study was conducted in a randomized crossover double-blind design. Each subject was tested for muscular power, strength, endurance, and fatigue of the lower extremities under three conditions: 1) NT (no taping), 2) PT (placebo taping, 3M tape) and 3) KT (Kinesio taping). For allocation of treatment sequence, the participants drew straws for which treatment first (each treatment indicated different numbers).
Other Name: Placebo taping

No Intervention: No taping
In case of the no taping condition, the subject was treated along the same procedure which was closed subject's eyes with eye mask and covered the legs with clothes although applied anything on their legs. It might be able to minimize the error, because the researchers did not realize which condition the subject had.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Physique characteristic [ Time Frame: 1 week (Each subject was measured their anthropometrics variables in an Initial visit the LAB for trial) ]
    - variables:(1) Body weight and height (Detecto DR400C platform scale (Webb City, MO) and Seca S-214 height rod (Hanover, MD), respectively), (2) Waist and hip circumference (Gulik tape measure), (3) % Body fat (bioelectrical impedance analysis, RJL Quantum X).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. muscular power [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (30 minutes after applied each trial) ]
    Peak power and mean power were measured with automatic Power cycle (Powercycle, USA). The subjects started from rest and accelerated maximally for approximately 3-4 seconds. Data was recorded for 6.5 pedal revolutions, and the increase in kinetic energy resulting from the acceleration of the ergometer flywheel was averaged over every pedal revolution and used to calculate power. The highest power and mean power (average two of the highest values) recorded during a pedal revolution was defined as Pmax and Pmean respectively.

  2. muscular strength [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (30 minutes after applied each trial) ]
    Assessment of muscle strength was measured by Muscle Testing system. A hand-held dynamometer (Lafayette, USA) used to measure isometric knee extensor and flexor strength. Specifically, subjects were seated on a table in supine position, with the knee and hip positioned at 90º. The subjects were instructed to remain seated and place both hands on the table. The dynamometer force pad placed just proximal to the ankle joint, the knee extensor strength was quantified in pound force. All subjects performed two maximal trials for 3 to 5 seconds with a 30 seconds rest interval. The higher value of two trials was recorded.

  3. muscle fatigue [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (immediately after be completed each trial) ]
    To measure the sensation of lower limb muscle fatigue, subjects' subjective feelings were evaluated using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). A 100 mm VAS (on a 0-10 scale) was used, ranging from "not in the least (0)" on the left to "extremely (10)" on the right end. Participants were asked to score the amount of lower limb muscle fatigue experienced before and immediately after each trial.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • percent body fat of 25 % in males, 30 % in females or more

Exclusion Criteria:

  • lower limb surgery within previous 6 months
  • presence of any other lower limb joint diseases such as degenerative arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02840734


Sponsors and Collaborators
Texas A&M University San Antonio
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sukho Lee, Ph.D. Texas A&M University San Antonio
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Responsible Party: Dr. Suk H. Lee, Program Director & Associate Professor, Texas A&M University San Antonio
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02840734    
Other Study ID Numbers: Tamusa
First Posted: July 21, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 21, 2016
Last Verified: July 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Dr. Suk H. Lee, Texas A&M University San Antonio:
Kinesio taping
Obese adults
Muscular function
Fatigue