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Safety and Optimal Neuroprotection of neu2000 in Ischemic Stroke With Endovascular reCanalizion (SONIC) (SONIC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02831088
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GNT Pharma

Brief Summary:
Efficacy and safety of Neu2000, a multi-target drug designed to prevent both NMDA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity and free radical toxicity, will be investigated in acute ischemic stroke patients receiving endovascular treatment to remove clot within 8 hours following stroke onset. Neu2000KWL will be administered before endovascular treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ischemic Stroke Drug: Neu2000KWL High-does group Drug: Neu2000KWL Low-does group Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Neu2000 was designed as a multi-target neuroprotectant preventing both the NMDA receptor, a Ca2+-permeable glutamate receptor, and free radicals, two major routes of brain cell death in stroke. Neu2000 is a moderate NR2B-selective NMDA receptor antagonist and spin trapping molecule (=free radical scavenger or antioxidant). Therapeutic potential of Neu2000 has been well demonstrated in four animal models of stroke with better efficacy and therapeutic time windows than either NMDA receptor antagonist or anti-oxidant advanced to clinical trials. In human phase I studies of 165 healthy subjects conducted in the United States and China, Neu2000KWL showed promising safety profiles without any serious adverse events up to a single intravenous infusion of 6000 mg that is far beyond the therapeutic target dose determined in animal models of transient ischemic stroke. Very recently, acute endovascular recanalization therapy has been introduced as the new standard care of care in acute ischemic stroke. The present study is aimed to examine efficacy and safety of Neu2000KWL in acute ischemic stroke patients receiving endovascular thrombectomy within 8 hours of stroke onset.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 210 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Multi-center Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Neu2000KWL in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke Receiving Endovascular Therapy
Study Start Date : July 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Neu2000KWL High-dose group Drug: Neu2000KWL High-does group
1st infusion of 750mg in patients receiving endovascular therapy within 8 hours following ischemic stroke onset followed by 9 consecutive infusions of 500 mg at intervals of 12 hours
Other Name: Neu2000KWL is produced by GNT Pharma Pharmaceutical company

Experimental: Neu2000KWL Low-dose group Drug: Neu2000KWL Low-does group
1st infusion of 500mg in patients receiving endovascular therapy within 8 hours following ischemic stroke onset followed by 9 consecutive infusions of 250 mg at intervals of 12 hours
Other Name: Neu2000KWL is produced by GNT Pharma Pharmaceutical company

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
1st infusion of the same volume of saline in patients receiving endovascular therapy within 8 hours following ischemic stroke onset followed by 9 consecutive infusions of same volume of saline at intervals of 12 hours




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportional Ratios of study subjects with mRS 0-2 scores at 12 weeks after Neu2000KWL treatment [ Time Frame: 12weeks ]
  2. Occurrence rate of cerebral hemorrhagic transformation occurring within 48 hours based on parenchymal hematoma (PH) criteria by ECASS (European Co-operative Acute Stroke Study)-I and II [ Time Frame: 12weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Distribution changes of mRS scores at 1, 4 and 12 weeks vs baseline (shift analysis) [ Time Frame: 1week, 4weeks, 12weeks ]
  2. Ratios of NIHSS 0-2 scores at 1, 4 and 12 weeks vs baseline [ Time Frame: 1week, 4weeks, 12weeks ]
  3. Ratios of Barthel index >90 (≥ 95) at 1, 4 and 12 weeks vs baseline [ Time Frame: 1week, 4weeks, 12weeks ]
  4. Occurrence rate of cerebral hemorrhagic transformation occurring within Day 4 or Day 5 (Day of the last treatment of the study drug) [ Time Frame: 4-5days ]
    based on parenchymal hematoma (PH) criteria by ECASS (European Co-operative Acute Stroke Study)-I and II

  5. Occurrence rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) described and defined by this study protocol occurring within Day 4 or Day 5 (Day of the last treatment of the study drug) [ Time Frame: 4-5days ]

    It is defined as SICH of intracranial hemorrhage by brain imaging is confirmed and any one of the following conditions is accompanied:

    A. in case that NIHSS scores become worse 2 points or more B. in case that NIHSS scores become worse 1 point or more, accompanying decreased consciousness C. in case that neurological deficits persist 24 hours or more (and), D. in case of recurrence of stroke and progress deterioration, or in case that other medical causes are not related.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adults ≥19 years
  2. Patients who were presented to hospitals after onset of brain ischemic symptoms from the base of last normal state and can start Endovascular therapy in accordance with standard practice guidelines within 8 hours after the symptom onset.
  3. NIHSS scores on screening time point (admission) ≥ 8 points
  4. Patients whose activity is possible without the help of others in the gen-eral condition one day before the ischemic stroke onset. and whose Barthel index scores exceed 90 points
  5. Patients whose brain CT and CT angiography imaging confirmed acute ischemic stroke and symptomatic intracranial occlusion at screening and whose occlusion site considered the cause of acute ischemic stroke meets the following conditions:

    ① Carotid T or L type occlusion

    ② M1 MCA

    ③ M1-MCA equivalent (two or more M2-MCAs) However, anterior temporal artery is not regarded M2

  6. Patients with ASPECTS on Brain CT without early imaging hyper-enhancement ≥ 6
  7. Patients who spontaneously submitted a written informed consent to participation on this clinical study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. a medical history of hypersensitivity against aspirin (salicylates), sulfasalazine or (5-ASA) at screening.
  2. Patients who meets the exclusion criteria on imaging in intra-arterial re-canalization therapy ① CTA

    Patients whose imaging shows that the site of occlusion considered the cause of acute ischemic stroke meets the following conditions:

    A. MCA + PCA or MCA+ACA occlusion in Carotid T/L B. occlusion of a bilateral large artery C. simultaneous infiltration of anterior and posterior circulation

    ② absence of the collateral circulation corresponding to one of the followings: A. On CT angiography (MIP-CTA) imaging, absence or minimal collateral circulation at ≥50% of MCA territories, compared with pial filling of contralateral side of the lesion.

  3. Patients whose heart diseases corresponding to following conditions were confirmed at screening:

    ① Patients who were diagnosed with myocardial infarction within 6 months at screening

    ② Patients who had severe arrhythmia evoking clinical symptoms (respiratory difficulties, tachycardia etc.) within 6 months at screening.

    Patients whose ECG measured at the stable state at emergency room confirmed the following results:

    A. pulse rate < 50 or >120 beats per minute B. 2nd or 3rd degree AV block is confirmed. C. congenital or acquired QT syndrome is confirmed D. ventricular pre-excitation syndrome is confirmed

  4. Patients who were diagnosed with heart failure ≥ class II according to "heart failure classification by NYHA (New York Heart Association)" before screening.

    "heart failure classification by NYHA (New York Heart Association)" Class I: patients with no limitation of activities; they suffer no symptoms from ordinary activities.

    Class II: patients with slight, mild limitation of activity; they are comfortable with rest or with mild exertion.

    Class III: patients with marked limitation of activity; they are comfortable only at rest.

    Class IV: patients who should be at complete rest, confined to bed or chair; any physical activity brings on.

  5. Patients who have contraindication to contrast media for brain imaging
  6. Patients who are receiving renal replacement therapy such as dialysis, due to acute or chronic renal failure, nephropathy, etc. at screening.
  7. Patients who were diagnosed with cancer or received cancer therapy within 6 months at screening or have recurrent or transitional cancer
  8. Patients who show high body temperature of 38℃ or more or who need antibiotic therapy due to medical opinion of infectious diseases at screening.
  9. Patients who take pharmacotherapy due to liver diseases such as hepatitis, liver cirrhosis etc. at screening.
  10. Patients who are pregnant or lactating. However, in case of a woman of child-bearing potential, only patients whose non-pregnancy was confirmed can participate in this clinical study.
  11. Patients who participated in other clinical studies within past 3 months at the screening time as a base. However, in case of participation in an observatory study without medication, the patients can participate in this clinical study.
  12. Patients who were determined unsuitable for participation in this clinical study due to other reasons.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02831088


Contacts
Contact: Chun San An 82-31-8005-9910 csan@gntpharma.com
Contact: Sung Ig Cho 82-31-8005-9910 sicho@gntpharma.com

Locations
Korea, Republic of
Chungbuk National University Hospital Recruiting
Cheongju, Korea, Republic of, 28644
Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center Recruiting
Daegu, Korea, Republic of, 41931
Kyungpook National University Hospital Recruiting
Daegu, Korea, Republic of, 41944
Chosun University Hospital Recruiting
Gwangju, Korea, Republic of, 61453
Gachon University Gil Medical Center Recruiting
Incheon, Korea, Republic of, 21565
Ajou University Hospital Recruiting
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 16499
Sponsors and Collaborators
GNT Pharma
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ji Man Hong, MD, PhD Ajou University Medical Centre

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GNT Pharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02831088     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Neu2000KWL-P01
First Posted: July 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by GNT Pharma:
Neu2000KWL
Neuroprotection
endovascular therapy
glutamate
free radical

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stroke
Ischemia
Cerebral Infarction
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Brain Infarction
Brain Ischemia