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Ultrasonography Detection of Local Twitch Response During Dry Needling (US-DN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02824991
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 7, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Chile
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, University of Malaga

Brief Summary:

Background: One treatment of Muscle trigger points (MTrPs) is deep dry needling (DN) with the purpose of obtaining local twitch responses (LTRs), which are highly effective in releasing MTrPs. In DN procedures the mechanisms associated with LTRs and the LTR intensities required for optimal clinical results are poorly understood, especially in relation to range of motion after intervention. Therefore, evaluating the intensity of LTRs is relevant for implementing DN in different clinical settings, such as in patients with muscular or neurological dysfunctions. One way to assess muscle contractions and LTRs is through ultrasound video analysis.

The aim of this report was to evaluate the reliability of semi-automatic LTR intensities tracking during dry needling by assessing ultrasound signals with an image processing method, in addition to evaluating the relationship between LTR intensities and muscle elasticity.

Method: Young males without signs or symptoms of musculoskeletal pain were included. Primary outcome measure was the LTR intensities determined by percentage change of muscle thickness. The secondary outcome measures were the muscle elasticity of medial gastrocnemius and hamstring, previous and posterior DN in both lower limbs for each subject. Three LTRs, detected by a physical therapist and ultrasound assessment, were induced by inserting a filament needle into muscle latent trigger points in medial gastrocnemius. The intensities of LTRs were measured by assessing ultrasound images using an optical flow method and through comparisons with manual detection.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Participants Procedure: detection of local twitch response intensities during dry needling Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The aim of this report was to evaluate the reliability of semi-automatically tracking local twitch responses (LTR) intensities during dry needling by assessing ultrasound signals with an optical flow method designed to estimate movement of ROIs, in addition to evaluating the relationship between LTR intensities and muscle elasticity.

Experimental protocol and measurements For each subject, the ROM of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) and hamstring (HA) was determined in both lower limbs using weight bearing and the active knee extension test, respectively, using a universal goniometer. For the knee extension test, 180° were subtracted from the obtained range, and the values were presented as negative. Both tests present excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability.

All participants were placed in a prone position with the ankle locked at 90º. Latent MTrPs were identified in both MG using according the presence of a palpable taut band and hypersensitive spot in the palpable taut band as diagnostic criteria. The ultrasound transducer was positioned over the MG muscle using a fixing device that was composed of a thermoplastic polymer, with enough space for the dry needling (DN) technique to be performed.

The deep DN was administered by a physical therapist with three years of experience in the technique. The ultrasound video (SonoSite Titan; Sonosite, Bothell, WA, USA) was recorded at 60 frames per second captured through an external capture device from Epiphan Systems Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada). According to the perception of the physical therapist and the ultrasound assessment, the filament needle was inserted into the MTrP to achieve three LTRs. Posterior to DN application, the ROMs of the MG and HA were measured.

The recorded ultrasound video was examined by the Camtasia software (Tech-Smith Corp, Okemos, MI, USA) to select three LTRs for latter analysis. Each LTR was tracked by the Lucas-Kanade optical flow (LKOF) algorithm with affine optic flow extension [12]. All analyses were performed using the Matlab® 2014 software (Mathworks Inc., Natick, MA, USA). For tracking muscle thickness, two ROIs (size 250 x 70 pixels) positioned on the superficial and deep aponeurosis were manually selected.

Muscle thickness was normalized as a percentage of recruitment using the following equation: (thickness contracted-thickness rest/thickness rest)*100. For manual tracking of LTRs, the recorded ultrasound video was analyzed in the Matlab® 2014 software. Peak muscle thickness was determined by selecting muscle borders using hyperechoic aponeurosis lines.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Semi-Automatic Ultrasonography Detection of Local Twitch Response Intensities During Dry Needling: Implications on Joint Range of Motion
Study Start Date : January 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ultrasound

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Deep Dry Needling

Deep Dry Needling (DN) with the purpose of obtaining local twitch responses (LTRs). Description: Latent MTrPs were identified in both MG using according the presence of a palpable taut band and hypersensitive spot in the palpable taut band as diagnostic criteria.

The deep DN was administered by a physical therapist with three years of experience in the technique. The ultrasound video (SonoSite Titan; Sonosite, Bothell, WA, USA) was recorded at 60 frames per second captured through an external capture device from Epiphan Systems Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada). According to the perception of the physical therapist and the ultrasound assessment, the filament needle was inserted into the MTrP to achieve three LTRs. Posterior to DN application, the ROMs of the MG and HA were measured

Procedure: detection of local twitch response intensities during dry needling



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Size of local twitch responses to Dry Needling with Ultrasonomiography 30 fps [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    acute effect based in Range of Interest (RoI) of deep fascia reference


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinimetric Tool [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    stratificaction of size of local responses to dry needling thicknessbased, reliability and construct validity study



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy volunteer

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants were excluded if they presented any history of musculoskeletal pain in the last six months, pathological conditions of the vertebral column, neurological diseases, respiratory diseases, a systemic rheumatic condition, heritable connective tissue disorders, and/or any previous abdominal surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02824991


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Malaga
University of Chile
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Antonio Cuesta-Vargas, PhD University of Malaga
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Responsible Party: Dr. Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Principal Research PhD, University of Malaga
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02824991    
Other Study ID Numbers: CH-Sp-01
First Posted: July 7, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Verified: June 2016