Sun Safe Workplaces: A Campaign on Sun Protection Policies for Outdoor Workers (SSW)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02824289|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Skin Cancer||Behavioral: Sun Safe Workplaces Program Behavioral: Attention Control||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1019 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Sun Safe Workplaces: A Campaign on Sun Protection Policies for Outdoor Workers|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 1, 2009|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 30, 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2015|
Experimental: Sun Safe Workplaces Program
Program promoting the adoption of occupational sun protection policies by the local government organization comprised of personal visits with senior managers and in-person training of outdoor workers by research staff over two years.
Behavioral: Sun Safe Workplaces Program
The intervention began by sending a Program Announcement Packet and requesting the first face-to-face meeting. At the first meeting, intervention staff covered: 1) Introduction to SSW; 2) Sun Safety Practices in the Workplace; 3) Sun Safety Policy for Outdoor Workers; 4) Sun Safety Policy Adoption; 5) Sun Safety Policy Reinforcement and Maintenance. They presented the SSW Website and a Sun Safety Tool Box. Following the first meeting, the manager scheduled Sun Safety Training by intervention staff with various employee groups. Workplace Sun Safety Materials were sent in four sets (twice a year over two years) for distribution to employees. Research staff made monthly Follow-up Contacts with managers.
Active Comparator: Attention Control
Program promoting occupational sun protection practices by employees in local government organizations through two mailings containing educational materials and presentations at state professional meetings by project staff.
Behavioral: Attention Control
Research staff sent printed materials on occupational sun safety to local government organizations twice. These included posters with personal protection messages and skin cancer rates, risk assessment brochures, worksite guides, total skin self-examination CD-Rom, the American Academy of Dermatology SPOT bookmark, and a sun safety tip card from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Staff made presentations on general sun safety topics (not policy) at state professional conferences.
- Change in Presence of a Sun Protection Policy for Outdoor Workers [ Time Frame: From baseline and 2-year follow-up ]Project staff coded written workplace policy documents on the presence of 15 "content categories" in three domains: 1) environmental controls; 2) administrative procedures; and 3) personal protection practices. Presence of policy was defined as having one or more policy components present in the written workplace policy documents (value=1) versus no content components present (value=0).
- Workplace Actions on Occupational Sun Safety [ Time Frame: 2-year follow-up ]Managers reported whether local government organization provided any of the following to employees (0=No, 1=Yes): sunscreen, wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, long-sleeved work or uniform shirts, long work or uniform pants, temporary or permanent shade, adjusted works schedules to reduce time outdoor at midday, communication about sun protection with employees. Total number of actions performed at the local government organization was summed.
- Change in Awareness of a Sun Protection Policy for Outdoor Workers [ Time Frame: From baseline to 2-year follow-up ]Managers reported whether the local government organization had formal written policy, administrative procedure, or training standard on sun protection for its employees (0=No or Don't Know, 1=Yes).
- Sun Protection Practices by Outdoor Workers [ Time Frame: 4-year follow-up ]Employees who work outdoors reported their frequency of taking the following actions to protect their skin from the sun (1=Never, 2=Rarely, 3=Sometimes, 4=Often, 5=Always): apply sunscreen with sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more, wear clothing specifically to protect skin from the sun such as long-sleeved shirts and pants, wear a hat with a brim, wear a hat with a wide-brim, wear sunglasses, limit exposure to the sun during the midday hours, and stay mostly in the shade. The frequency rating are averaged to form a composite sun protection score.
- Change in Extent of Sun Protection Policy for Outdoor Workers [ Time Frame: From baseline to 2-year follow-up ]Project staff coded written workplace policy documents on the presence of 15 "content categories" in three domains: 1) environmental controls; 2) administrative procedures; and 3) personal protection practices. Extent of policy was defined as the number of policy content components present in the written workplace policy documents (values=0 to 15).
- Change in Strength of Sun Protection Policy for Outdoor Workers [ Time Frame: From baseline to 2-year follow-up ]Project staff coded written workplace policy documents on the presence of 15 "content categories" in three domains: 1) environmental controls; 2) administrative procedures; and 3) personal protection practices. Extent of policy was defined as the sum of the strength scores (0=no advice; 1=recommended; 2=required) for each policy content component present in the written workplace policy documents (values=0 to 30).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02824289
|United States, California|
|Kaiser Foundation Research Institute|
|Oakland, California, United States, 94612-3466|
|United States, Colorado|
|University of Colorado Denver|
|Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045-0508|
|Klein Buendel, Inc.|
|Golden, Colorado, United States, 80403|
|Principal Investigator:||David B Buller, PhD||Klein Buendel, Inc.|