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Effect of Basal-Bolus Closed-Loop Co-Administration of Insulin and Pramlintide on Improving the Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02814123
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 27, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ahmad Haidar, McGill University

Brief Summary:

The closed-loop delivery system is composed of an insulin pump, a continuous glucose sensor and a dosing algorithm that calculates the insulin dose to infuse based on sensor readings. Pramlintide is a drug and an analog of amylin, a hormone that is co-secreted with insulin in healthy individuals, and is deficient in people with type 1 diabetes. Co-injection of pramlintide with insulin at meal times improves glucose control in type 1 diabetes. Literature data suggests that regular insulin may better match the effect of pramlintide compared to rapid insulin in regulating post-prandial glucose levels.

The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of 3 strategies to control your day-and-night glucose levels:

  1. rapid insulin-alone closed-loop delivery;
  2. rapid insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery;
  3. regular insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery.

The primary hypotheses are:

  1. During closed-loop control, the simultaneous basal-bolus infusion of pramlintide and fast-acting insulin improves glucose control compared to fast-acting insulin-alone infusion.
  2. During closed-loop control, the simultaneous basal-bolus infusion of pramlintide and regular insulin improves glucose control compared to fast-acting insulin-alone infusion.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Other: 24-hour inpatient intervention Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The closed-loop delivery system is composed of an insulin pump, a continuous glucose sensor and a dosing algorithm that calculates the insulin dose to infuse based on sensor readings. Pramlintide is a drug and an analog of amylin, a hormone that is co-secreted with insulin in healthy individuals, and is deficient in people with type 1 diabetes. Co-injection of pramlintide with insulin at meal times improves glucose control in type 1 diabetes.

Literature data suggests that the pharmacodynamics of regular insulin may better match the effect of pramlintide compared to the pharmacodynamics of fast-acting insulin. Moreover, the cost of regular insulin is significantly lower than fast-acting insulin. Therefore, if a similar (or better) glucose profile can be achieved with regular insulin-plus-pramlintide compared to fast-acting insulin-plus-pramlintide, then a co-formulation employing regular insulin should be prioritized.

Therefore, in this protocol, we aim to assess the effect of the simultaneous, closed-loop, basal-bolus infusion of pramlintide with insulin at a fixed ratio in controlling glucose levels. In the first experimental arm, we propose to infuse pramlintide with fast-acting insulin. In the second experimental arm, pramlintide will be infused with regular insulin. The control arm will be fast-acting insulin-alone closed-loop system.

The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of the simultaneous, closed-loop, basal-bolus infusion of pramlintide with fast-acting insulin at a fixed ratio and pramlintide with regular insulin at a fixed ratio in controlling glucose levels compared to fast-acting insulin-alone closed-loop infusion.

The investigators aim to conduct a randomized, three-way, crossover trial to compare the efficacy of 1) fast-acting insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery, 2) regular insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery, and 3) fast-acting insulin-alone closed-loop delivery in regulating glucose levels over a period of 24 hours in a study on adults in inpatient settings. Insulin (fast-acting and regular) and pramlintide are given with fixed ratio (6 µg of pramlintide for each unit of insulin).

Before each 24-hour intervention visit, the participant's insulin therapy (basal rates and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratios) will be optimized for a minimum of 10 days, with a target of 14 days.

There will be a wash-out period of 0 to 42 days between the three intervention arms (termination of 24-hr intervention and start of next optimization period).

The primary hypotheses are:

  1. During closed-loop control, the simultaneous basal-bolus infusion of pramlintide and fast-acting insulin improves glucose control compared to fast-acting insulin-alone infusion.
  2. During closed-loop control, the simultaneous basal-bolus infusion of pramlintide and regular insulin improves glucose control compared to fast-acting insulin-alone infusion.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Three-way, Crossover Study to Assess the Efficacy of Fast-acting Insulin-plus-pramlintide Closed-loop Co-administration, Regular Insulin-plus-pramlintide Closed-loop Co-administration, and Fast-acting Insulin-alone Closed-loop Infusion in Regulating Glucose Levels Over a 24-hour Period in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes in Inpatient Settings.
Actual Study Start Date : January 13, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Rapid Insulin-alone closed-loop delivery
Rapid Insulin will be delivered by subcutaneous infusion. Interventions: 24-hour inpatient intervention Drug: Rapid acting Insulin (aspart, lispro, glulisine)
Other: 24-hour inpatient intervention
Subjects will be admitted at the research facility at 7:30. A cannula will be inserted into an arm or a hand vein for blood sampling purposes. Each 24-hour intervention visit includes 3 standardized meals (8:00, 12:00, and 17:00), an evening snack (21:00) and an overnight stay. The glucose level as measured by the real time sensor will be entered manually into the computer every 10 minutes. The insulin and pramlintide pumps' infusion rates will then be changed manually based on the computer generated recommendation, while still maintaining the ratio. The computer generated recommendations are based on a predictive algorithm.

Experimental: Rapid Insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery

Rapid insulin and pramlintide will be delivered by subcutaneous infusion using a fixed ratio (6 µg pramlintide/unit insulin).

Interventions: 24-hour inpatient intervention Drug: Rapid acting Insulin (aspart, lispro, glulisine) Drug: Pramlintide

Other: 24-hour inpatient intervention
Subjects will be admitted at the research facility at 7:30. A cannula will be inserted into an arm or a hand vein for blood sampling purposes. Each 24-hour intervention visit includes 3 standardized meals (8:00, 12:00, and 17:00), an evening snack (21:00) and an overnight stay. The glucose level as measured by the real time sensor will be entered manually into the computer every 10 minutes. The insulin and pramlintide pumps' infusion rates will then be changed manually based on the computer generated recommendation, while still maintaining the ratio. The computer generated recommendations are based on a predictive algorithm.

Experimental: Regular Insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery

Regular insulin and pramlintide will be delivered by subcutaneous infusion using a fixed ratio (6 µg pramlintide/unit insulin).

Interventions: 24-hour inpatient intervention Drug: Regular Insulin (humulin R) Drug: Pramlintide

Other: 24-hour inpatient intervention
Subjects will be admitted at the research facility at 7:30. A cannula will be inserted into an arm or a hand vein for blood sampling purposes. Each 24-hour intervention visit includes 3 standardized meals (8:00, 12:00, and 17:00), an evening snack (21:00) and an overnight stay. The glucose level as measured by the real time sensor will be entered manually into the computer every 10 minutes. The insulin and pramlintide pumps' infusion rates will then be changed manually based on the computer generated recommendation, while still maintaining the ratio. The computer generated recommendations are based on a predictive algorithm.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of time of plasma glucose levels spent in target range. Target range is defined to be between 3.9 and 10.0 mmol/L of fast-acting insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery vs. fast-acting insulin-alone closed-loop delivery. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  2. Percentage of time of plasma glucose levels spent in target range. Target range is defined to be between 3.9 and 10.0 mmol/L of regular insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery vs. fast-acting insulin-alone closed-loop delivery. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of time of plasma glucose levels spent in target range, comparing fast-acting insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery vs. regular insulin-plus-pramlintide closed-loop delivery. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  2. Percentage of time (8:00-8:00) of plasma glucose levels spent: a. 3.9-7.8 mmol/L; b. 3.9-10 mmol/L; c. <3.9 mmol/L; d. <3.3 mmol/L; e. <2.8 mmol/L; f. >7.8 mmol/L; g. >10 mmol/L; h. >13.9 mmol/L; i. >16.7 mmol/L [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  3. Percentage of overnight time (23:00-8:00) of plasma glucose levels: a. 3.9-7.8 mmol/L; b. 3.9-10 mmol/L; c. <3.9 mmol/L; d. <3.3 mmol/L; e. <2.8 mmol/L; f. >7.8 mmol/L; g. >10 mmol/L; h. >13.9 mmol/L; i. >16.7 mmol/L [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  4. Standard deviation of glucose levels as a measure of glucose variability. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  5. Total insulin delivery. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  6. Total pramlintide delivery. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  7. Mean plasma glucose level during: a. the overall study period; b. overnight period. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  8. Mean plasma insulin concentration. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  9. Mean plasma glucagon concentration. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  10. Mean plasma amylin concentration. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  11. Number of subjects experiencing hypoglycemia requiring oral treatment during: a. the overall study period; b. the night. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
  12. Gastrointestinal symptoms during the treatment optimization (i.e., the minimum 10 days prior to the 24-hour closed-loop visits) and during the 24-hour closed-loop visits. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females ≥ 18 years of age.
  • Clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes for at least 12 months. (The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is based on the investigator's judgment; C peptide level and antibody determinations are not needed.)
  • The subject will have been on insulin pump therapy for at least 6 months.
  • HbA1c ≤ 10%.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or ≤ 1 month use of other antihyperglycemic agents (SGLT2, GLP-1, Metformin, Acarbose, etc.…).
  • Severe hypoglycemic episode within one month of screening.
  • Severe diabetes keto-acidosis episode within one month of screening.
  • Planned or ongoing pregnancy.
  • Known or suspected allergy to the study drugs.
  • Gastroparesis.
  • Use of prokinetic drugs that stimulate gastric emptying (domperidone, cisapride, metoclopramide).
  • Clinically significant nephropathy, neuropathy or retinopathy as judged by the investigator.
  • Recent (< 6 months) acute macrovascular event e.g. acute coronary syndrome or cardiac surgery.
  • Current use of glucocorticoid medication.
  • Other serious medical illness likely to interfere with study participation or with the ability to complete the trial by the judgment of the investigator.
  • Failure to comply with team's recommendations (e.g. not willing to eat meals/snacks, not willing to change pump parameters, etc.).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02814123


Contacts
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Contact: Natalia Strauss 514-398-4491 natalia.strauss@mcgill.ca
Contact: Sarah Twardy sarah.bernier-twardy@mail.mcgill.ca

Locations
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Canada, Quebec
McGill University Health Centre Recruiting
Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Contact: Natalia Strauss    514-398-4491    natalia.strauss@mcgill.ca   
Contact: Sarah Twardy       sarah.bernier-twardy@mail.mcgill.ca   
Sub-Investigator: Ahmad Haidar         
Principal Investigator: Laurent Legault         
Sponsors and Collaborators
McGill University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ahmad Haidar McGill University
Principal Investigator: Laurent Legault McGill University Health Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Ahmad Haidar, McGill University:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] December 12, 2017


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Responsible Party: Ahmad Haidar, Assistant Professor, McGill University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02814123     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MAP-1
First Posted: June 27, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 8, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Ahmad Haidar, McGill University:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Pramlintide
Artificial Pancreas
Closed-Loop System
Insulin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Pramlintide
Islet Amyloid Polypeptide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Appetite Depressants
Anti-Obesity Agents
Amylin Receptor Agonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action