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Effect of L-Dihydoxyphenylserine on Locomotion, Postural Stability, and Fall Risk Reduction in Parkinson Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02812147
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 24, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Arizona State University, Tempe
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pam Dewey, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix

Brief Summary:
This research study is being done to determine whether treatment with L- Dihydroxyphenylserine (L-DOPS) versus placebo (an inactive substance that looks like study drug) in addition to other Parkinson Disease (PD) drugs will improve balance, walking, and reduce risk of falls and/or severity of falls in PD subjects. The study is also being done to determine the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of L-DOPS, and whether it will decrease Freezing of Gait (FOG), improve apathy (generalized disinterest) or show a relationship between apathy and slowed movement and fall risk.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson Disease Drug: L-DOPS Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Among the top three priorities presented to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Council 22 as final recommendations of critical needs for advancing Parkinson Disease (PD) research in 2014 is to develop effective treatments for dopa-resistant features of PD. These features include symptoms such as gait and balance problems, and freezing of gait leading to falls. In order for these goals to be realized, dysfunctional motor patterns in patients with gait and balance problems need to be accurately defined and assessed using body-fixed sensors and other newer computation technology to enhance sensitivity and specificity of measurement to facilitate long-term follow-up. The proposed research will meet the challenge of determining appropriate intervention (L-DOPS) for dopa-resistant features of PD in improving gait and posture using innovative quantitative analyses derived from body-worn sensors. Injuries associated with fall incidences continue to pose a significant burden to persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) both in terms of human suffering and economic losses. Annual fall incidence rates range from 50-70% of patients with PD. Recurrent falls especially, are a major cause of disability in PD. The resulting loss of independence and treatment costs add substantially to the healthcare expenditures in PD which was estimated to be $27 billion annually2. This number may rise substantially in the coming decades as the entire US population ages. Any intervention that is cost effective at reducing fall risk could have important benefits for patients and families, and for the entire healthcare system. In this study, we will determine whether treatment with L- Dihydroxyphenylserine (L-DOPS, Northera) in addition to dopaminergic drugs will improve postural stability and activity of daily living, and reduce fall risk and/or severity of falls in PD patients.Falls, early in PD (within 5 years of diagnosis) probably arise from slowed locomotion. Slowed locomotion is corrected by dopaminergic drugs, hence falls early in PD are decreased by such drugs. Later in PD (5 or years after diagnosis) falls, recurrent falls, occur despite such drugs. There is evidence that falls late in PD occur because of impaired postural stability which does not respond to dopaminergic drugs or may be made worse by such drugs. A single fall, although serious, may be only partly related or even unrelated to PD. "Serious fall" is defined as: all four limbs hit the ground, the skull hits the ground, or there is soft tissue or bone injury. However, some people with PD fall repeatedly. In such patients the role of impaired postural stability was stressed. Although the mechanisms underlying impaired postural stability are not well-known in patients with PD, attention is focused on the noradrenergic system. L-DOPS, a drug that enhances norepinephrine levels in the peripheral and central nervous systems, has been shown to moderate orthostatic hypotension, and often improve some PD symptoms. There is evidence that mechanisms related to norepinephrine centers in the basal forebrain and the locus ceruleus play a role in maintaining postural stability in activities of daily living. They may play a role in preventing or ameliorating falls and freezing of gait. FOG is a major problem in patients with PD who fall. There is evidence that L-DOPS, by improving FOG, decreases risk of falls. Additionally, evidence indicates that L-DOPS decreases falls independent of improving FOG. Apathy, a major and disabling non-motor symptom of PD, may be related to decreased central norepinephrine levels. Apathy may be associated with slowed movements and slowed movements may contribute to falls. There is evidence that L-DOPS, by increasing central norepinephrine, may improve apathy and this may result in a decreased risk of falls.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of L-Dihydoxyphenylserine (L-DOPS, Northera) a Central and Peripheral Norepinephrine Agent on Locomotion, Postural Stability (Balance), and Fall Risk Reduction in Parkinson Disease (PD)
Study Start Date : May 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Droxidopa

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: L-DOPS
All participants will be on levodopa/carbidopa, and may be on additional dopaminergic drugs including dopamine agonists and/or monoamine type B oxidase inhibitors or amantadine. L-dihydoxyphenylserine will be added, administered as an oral capsule 3 times a day for 4 months. Dosing will begin at 100 mg of L-DOPS three times per day and titrated upward, by 100 mg three times a day, as tolerated. Tolerability will be evaluated based upon questionnaires, patient interviews, vital signs and investigator examination. In order to participate in the study, all subjects must be able to tolerate a minimum tolerated dose of 400 mg three times per day (1200mg/day). Subject maximum dose will be 600 mg three times per day (1800mg/day). Patients will be maintained on this dose for 4 months (until the cross-over). After a 7-day washout, participants will cross over to the Placebo arm.
Drug: L-DOPS
Added as described in the Arm/Group Descriptions.
Other Names:
  • L-dihydoxyphenylserine
  • Northera

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
All participants will be on levodopa/carbidopa, and may be on additional dopaminergic drugs including dopamine agonists and/or monoamine type B oxidase inhibitors or amantadine. Placebo will be added, administered as an oral capsule 3 times a day for 4 months. Dosing will begin at 100 mg of placebo three times per day and titrated upward, by 100 mg three times a day, as tolerated. Tolerability will be evaluated based upon questionnaires, patient interviews, vital signs and investigator examination. In order to participate in the study, all subjects must be able to tolerate a minimum tolerated dose of 400 mg three times per day (1200mg/day). Subject maximum dose will be 600 mg three times per day (1800mg/day). Patients will be maintained on this dose for 4 months (until the cross-over) After a 7-day washout, participants will cross over to the L-DOPS arm.
Drug: Placebo
Added as described in the Arm/Group Descriptions.dded as described in the Arm/Group Descriptions.
Other Name: sugar pill




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Motor Score [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Measured with United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (Part III 0-45) in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.

  2. Balance Score [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Measured using Barrow Neurologic Institute (BNI) Balance Scale 0-20, in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.

  3. Postural Stability [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Measured using a NeuroCom Equitest System, which tests sensory organization, motor control time, and postural sway measures, in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.

  4. Dynamic Stability [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Dynamic stability is measured by wearable devices (Inertial Measurement Units) that collect gait parameters during gait and postural transitions,in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.

  5. Falls [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Incidence of falls is self-report, in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Freezing of Gait (FOG) [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Measured using United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (FOG subtests 2.13 and 3.11) 0-8, in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.

  2. Apathy [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Measured using Apathy in Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire 0-42, in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.

  3. Orthostatic Hypotension [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Measured using Orthostatic Hypotension Symptom Assessment 0-10,in the medication state of "on", "off", or both.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 83 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has voluntarily signed and dated an informed consent form (ICF) prior to any participation in the study.
  • Hoehn and Yahr Stage II, III, IV in an "on" state.
  • Fell more than twice in past year.
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) score ≥ 24.
  • Stable dose of levodopa, dopamine agonist, amantadine, and/or monoamine oxidase B inhibitor, i.e. unchanged for 3 months.
  • Subject is ambulatory and able to walk ≥ 10 meters with/without the use of an assistive device.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with atypical Parkinson disorders that result in a high number of falls.These disorders include: Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP), Multiple System Atrophy (MSA), Primary Freezing of Gait (PFG), and Corticobasal Degeneration.
  • Patients with dementia MOCA ≤ 23.
  • Patients with symptomatic Orthostatic Hypotension being treated with midodrine, fludrocortisone or L-DOPS.
  • Patients with uncontrolled hypertension.
  • Patients with known allergies to L-DOPS or its excipients.
  • Patients with major orthopedic problems of their hips or knees, and patients who need hip or knee replacements.
  • Patient with schizophrenia, a schizo-affective disorder, or a bipolar disorder.
  • Patients with hallucinations, psychoses, or delusions.
  • Patients with a history of recent stroke or myocardial infarction.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02812147


Locations
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United States, Arizona
Barrow Neurological Institute/St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85013
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix
Arizona State University, Tempe
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Abraham Lieberman, MD Barrow Neurological Institute/St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Pam Dewey, Research Manager, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02812147     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PHX15BN108
First Posted: June 24, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Pam Dewey, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix:
L-dihydoxyphenylserine
L-DOPS
Northera

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Dopamine Agonists
Droxidopa
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents