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Trial record 76 of 120 for:    EPLERENONE

Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists in Type 2 Diabetes

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02809963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 22, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marie Louise Johansen, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of selective blocking of the mineralocorticoid receptor in patients with type 2 diabetes on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism and myocardial function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Type 2 Drug: Eplerenone Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study we want to investigate the effect of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in type 2 diabetes patients on myocardial function, glucose and fat metabolism.

Background The mortality rate in T2 DM is still increased by almost a factor 2 although poly pharmacological therapy of risk factors has been recommended for years. Treatment with MR antagonists in patients with primary hyperaldosteronism and systolic heart failure improves insulin resistance, myocardial function and prognosis. Further, recent evidence has suggested that aldosterone participates in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, as MR expression has been identified in adipocytes and beneficial metabolic effects of selective MR blockade has been demonstrated in several animal models. Notably, there is no available data in humans with T2DM.

A key feature of T2 DM is altered body composition characterized by increased metabolic active visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and increased fat content of the liver, which has been associated with cardiac dysfunction and outcome. Gold standard for measurement of VAT is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and proton MRI spectroscopy can quantitatively measure fat content in the liver with high precision. The pathogenesis of myocardial dysfunction in T2DM is linked with insulin resistance (IR) of adipose tissue mediating increased supply of free fatty acids and intra myocardial lipid accumulation. Thus, beneficial effects of lipid metabolism could in theory indirectly improve myocardial function in type 2 diabetics.

Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a validated method for evaluating regional and global function of the left ventricle, which is a strong predictor of incident HF in patients with myocardial infarction and closely related with plasma NT-proBNP concentrations.

Hypothesis Selective blocking of the MR receptor in patients with T2 DM improves insulin resistance, lipid metabolism and myocardial function.

Objectives To investigate the effect of Eplerenone 100-200 mg once daily compared to placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes with regard to glucose and lipid metabolism, myocardial function and structure, and vascular function.

The primary objective is to investigate the effect of Eplerenone 100-200 mg once daily compared to placebo on changes in liver fat content.

Design A single center, randomized, double blinded placebo controlled trial. Patients with T2 DM and high risk of cardiovascular disease will be randomized to either Eplerenone 100-200 mg or placebo daily for 26 weeks. Patients will be investigated at baseline and after 26 weeks.

A total of 130 patients with type 2 diabetes will be included.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 140 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of the Effect of Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists in Type 2 Diabetes Patients on Myocardial Function, Glucose and Fat Metabolism (The MIRAD-study)
Study Start Date : November 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Eplerenone

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Eplerenone
Eplerenone 50 mg tablets. 2-4 tablets once daily for 26 weeks
Drug: Eplerenone
50 mg tablets, oral use.

Placebo Comparator: placebo
sugar pill manufactured to mimic Eplerenone 50 mg tablet. 2-4 tablets once daily for 26 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
50 mg tablets, oral use

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Liver fat content [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in liver fat content by proton MR spectroscopy

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fat mass distribution [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Changes in body fat distribution (total body fat, visceral fat, subcutaneous fat)

  2. insulin resistance [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Changes in insulin resistance by HOMA and Matsuda index

  3. Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio

  4. Biomarkers of adipocyte function [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Changes in biomarkers of adipocyte function (adiponectin, leptin, FGF-21, TNF-alfa, FFA, IL-6, MCP-1, MAC-1)

  5. 24 Hour blood pressure [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in 24 Hour blood pressure

  6. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in global longitudinal strain by echocardiography

  7. systolic and diastolic function og left ventricule [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in systolic and diastolic function of left ventricule by echocardiography

  8. Regional and global fibrosis by cardiac magnetic resonance [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in regional and global fibrosis using Late gadolineum enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance

  9. biomarkers of myocardial stress and fibrosis [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in biomarkers of myocardial stress and fibrosis (NT-proBNP, MR-proANP, galectin-3, GDF-15, MR-proADM)

  10. pulse wave analysis [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in pulse wave analysis

  11. Quality of life [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in quality of life using WHO-5

  12. Diabetes related changes in quality of life [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in quality of life using W-BQ12

  13. kidney function [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in creatinine and eGFR

  14. potassium [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    changes in potassium

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to understand the written patient information and to give informed consent
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus (WHO criteria), diagnosed at least 3 months prior to baseline
  • Blood pressure treatment according to standard guidelines
  • Negative pregnancy test (fertile women)
  • Be willing to change/pause potassium sparing medication
  • Age 18-85 years
  • Patients must have high cardiovascular risk factors, defined as one of the following:

NT-proBNP ≥ 70 pg/ml (taken within the last 6 months prior to baseline) Albuminuria ( albumin/creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg/g Confirmed history of myocardial infarction (≥ 3 months prior to baseline) Or patient discharged from hospital with a documented diagnosis of unstable angina within 24 months prior to baseline Evidence of coronary artery disease by CAG in 1 or more major coronary arteries OR at least one of the following: a positive noninvasive stress test, OR a positive stress echocardiography showing regional systolic wall motion abnormalities, OR a positive scintigraphy test showing stress-induced ischemia History of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (≥ 3 months prior to informed consent) Presence of peripheral artery disease (symptomatic or not ) documented by either: previous limb angioplasty, stenting or bypass surgery; or previous limb or foot amputation due to circulatory insufficiency; or angiographic evidence of significant (≥ 50%) peripheral artery stenosis in at least one limb; or evidence from a non-invasive measurement of significant (≥50% or as reported as hemodynamically significant) peripheral artery stenosis in at least one limb; or ankle brachial index of ≤ 0.9

Left ventricle hypertrophy:

Documented at echocardiography ECG: R-spike in V5/V6 ≥ 25 mm or S-spike in V1 + R-spike in V5/V6 ≥ 35 mm Patients both with and without a cardiovascular risk factor can be randomized to the fat biopsy sub study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergic to the study medication
  • Systolic HF (LVEF ≤ 40%)
  • Impaired kidney function, eGFR ≤ 40 ml/min
  • Severe liver insufficiency (Child-Pugh class C)
  • Treatment with MR antagonist within 3 months prior to baseline
  • Treatment with both ACE inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor blockers.
  • Serum-potassium ≥ 5.0 mmol/l
  • Serum-sodium ≤ 135 mmol/l
  • Myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris or bypass graft surgery within 3 months prior to baseline
  • Persistant atrial fibrillation (except for the fat biopsy sub population)
  • ECG showing malign ventricular arrhythmia or prolonged QT-interval (> 500ms)
  • Untreated heart valve disease
  • ICD-unit/pacemaker
  • Pregnancy or desire hereof or breastfeeding
  • Women in the fertile age not using safe contraceptives (spiral, hormonal contraceptives)
  • Cancer unless complete remission ≥ 5 year
  • Alcohol-/drug-abuse
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Other concomitant disease or treatment that according to the investigator's assessment makes the patient unsuitable to participate in the study
  • Simultaneous participation in another clinical study
  • Treatment with CYP3A4-inhibitors (e.g. itraconazol, etoconazol, ritonavir, nelfinavir, clarithromycin, telithromycin and nefazodon)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02809963

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Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of internal medicine,
Herlev, Denmark, 2730
Sponsors and Collaborators
Herlev Hospital
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Responsible Party: Marie Louise Johansen, MD, PhD student, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital Identifier: NCT02809963    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015-002519-14
First Posted: June 22, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 1, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
Natriuretic Agents
Antihypertensive Agents