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To Evaluate the Effect of Clarithromycin on the Systemic Exposure of Pacritinib in Healthy Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02807051
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Covance
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CTI BioPharma

Brief Summary:
This will be an open-label, single-center, crossover, one-way, drug-interaction study to evaluate the effect of 500 mg clarithromycin BID (dosed to steady state) on the PK of a single 400-mg dose of pacritinib in healthy male and female subjects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Drug Interaction Study Drug: Pacritinib Drug: Clarithromycin Drug: Pacritinib and Clarithromycin Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This was a single-center, open-label, one-way crossover, drug-interaction study. On Day 1, subjects received a single oral 400-mg dose of pacritinib. On Day 8 through the morning of Day 12, following a 7-day washout period, 500-mg oral doses of clarithromycin were administered twice daily (BID), 8 to 12 hours apart. It was anticipated that steady-state concentrations of clarithromycin would be achieved by Day 12. On Day 12, a single oral 400-mg dose of pacritinib was co-administered with the final 500-mg dose of clarithromycin.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-Label, Drug-Interaction Study to Evaluate the Effect of Clarithromycin, a Potent CYP3A4 Inhibitor, on the Systemic Exposure of Pacritinib in Healthy Subjects
Study Start Date : September 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Reactions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pacritinib and Clarithromycin
Single 400-mg (four 100-mg capsules; lot number 21341) oral doses of pacritinib were administered in the fasted state on Days 1 and 12. Twice daily, 500-mg (1 tablet) oral doses of clarithromycin were administered with or without food on Days 8 through 11 and in the fasted state on the morning of Day 12
Drug: Pacritinib
Single 400-mg dose (four 100-mg capsules) administered in the morning on Days 1 and 12

Drug: Clarithromycin
Twice-daily, 500-mg dose (one 500-mg tablet) administered every 8 to 12 hours on Day 8 through the morning of Day 12

Drug: Pacritinib and Clarithromycin
On Day 12, a single oral 400-mg dose of pacritinib was co-administered with the final 500-mg dose of clarithromycin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Estimate ratios of geometric mean values and the corresponding 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for pacritinib treatments with and without clarithromycin [ Time Frame: Fifteen days approximately ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: from Day 1 to Day 19 ]
    To evaluate the safety of pacritinib and tolerability of a single 400 mg dose of pacritinib in patients with hepatic impairment. Safety endpoints for this study include AEs, vital signs, clinical laboratory evaluations, physical examinations, and single 12-lead ECGs

  2. The apparent terminal elimination rate constant (λZ) and the respective apparent terminal elimination half-life (t½). [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]
  3. The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax). [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]
    To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of pacritinib and its major human metabolites following single-dose administration with and without concomitant clarithromycin in healthy subjects

  4. The time to reach maximum plasma concentration (tmax). [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]
    To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of pacritinib and its major human metabolites following single-dose administration with and without concomitant clarithromycin in healthy subjects

  5. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to time of the last measured concentration above the limit of quantification (AUC0-t) [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]
    To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of pacritinib and its major human metabolites following single-dose administration with and without concomitant clarithromycin in healthy subjects

  6. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity (AUC0-∞). [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]
  7. The apparent volume of distribution (Vd). [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]
  8. The apparent total body clearance (CL/F). [ Time Frame: Plasma (Day 1 and 12): 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, and 168 hrs post-dose ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. males or females, between 18 and 55 years of age, inclusive;
  2. BMI between 18.5 and 32.0 kg/m2, inclusive;
  3. in good health, determined by no clinically significant findings from medical history, physical examination, and vital signs;
  4. clinical laboratory evaluations (including clinical chemistry panel [fasted at least 10 hours], CBC, and UA) within the reference range for the test laboratory, unless deemed not clinically significant by the Investigator;
  5. negative test for selected drugs of abuse (including alcohol) at Screening and at Check-in;
  6. negative hepatitis panel (including hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] and hepatitis C virus antibody [anti-HCV]) and negative HIV antibody screens;
  7. females of childbearing potential must be non-pregnant and non-lactating, and agree to use contraception from the time of signing the informed consent or 10 days prior to Check-in (Day -1) until 30 days after the final dose administration. One of the following forms of contraception must be used from the time of signing the informed consent or 10 days prior to Check-in (Day -1) until 30 days after the final dose administration: non-hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) with spermicide; female condom with spermicide; contraceptive sponge with spermicide; intravaginal system (eg, NuvaRing®); diaphragm with spermicide; cervical cap with spermicide; male sexual partner who agrees to use a male condom with spermicide; sterile sexual partner; or abstinence. Oral, implantable, transdermal, or injectable hormonal contraceptives may not be used from the time of signing the informed consent or 10 days prior to Check-in (Day -1) until 14 days after the final dose administration. For all females, the pregnancy test result must be negative at Screening and Check-in (Day -1). Females not of childbearing potential must be postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (eg, tubal ligation, hysterectomy) for at least 90 days;
  8. males will either be surgically sterile (ie, vasectomy, documented in the medical record by a physician) or agree to use from Check-in (Day -1) until 90 days following Study Completion (Day 19)/ET, one of the following approved methods of contraception: male condom with spermicide; sterile sexual partner; or use by female sexual partner of an IUD with spermicide, a female condom with spermicide, a contraceptive sponge with spermicide, an intravaginal system, a diaphragm with spermicide, a cervical cap with spermicide, or oral, implantable, transdermal, or injectable contraceptives. Subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation from Check-in (Day -1) until 90 days following Study Completion (Day 19)/ET;
  9. able to comprehend and willing to sign an Informed Consent Form (ICF).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. history or clinical manifestation of clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic (eg, hepatitis), renal, hematologic, gastrointestinal (eg, celiac disease, peptic ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux, inflammatory bowel disease), metabolic, allergic, dermatological, neurological, or psychiatric disorder (as determined by the Investigator; appendectomy and cholecystectomy are not considered to be clinically significant disease);
  2. abnormalities in liver function tests (any/all of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, or alkaline phosphatase >1.5 × upper limit of normal [ULN]; gamma-glutamyl transferase >2 × ULN; or total bilirubin >1.3 × ULN) or kidney function tests (serum creatinine > ULN) that are considered clinically significant by the Investigator, in consultation with the Sponsor;
  3. history of malignancy, except the following; cancers determined to be cured or in remission for ≥5 years, curatively resected basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers, cervical cancer in situ, or resected colonic polyps;
  4. history of significant hypersensitivity, intolerance, or allergy to any drug compound, food, or other substance, including clarithromycin, unless approved by the Investigator;
  5. history of stomach or intestinal surgery or resection that would potentially alter absorption and/or excretion of orally administered drugs except that appendectomy and hernia repair will be allowed;
  6. history of Gilbert's Syndrome;
  7. history or presence of an abnormal ECG, which, in the Investigator's opinion, is clinically significant; QTcF >450 msec, or factors that increase risk for QTc interval prolongation (eg, heart failure, hypokalemia [defined as serum potassium <3.0 mEq/L that is persistent and refractory to correction], or family history of long QT interval syndrome)
  8. history of alcoholism or drug addiction within 1 year prior to Check-in (Day -1);
  9. use of tobacco- or nicotine-containing products within 6 months prior to Check-in (Day -1) and during the entire study;
  10. consumption of alcohol- or caffeine-containing foods and beverages for 72 hours prior to Screening and during the entire study;
  11. consumption of grapefruit-containing foods and beverages or other CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers for 72 hours prior to Screening and during the entire study
  12. participation in any other investigational drug trial in which receipt of an investigational study drug occurred within 5 half-lives or 30 days prior to Check-in (Day -1), whichever is longer;
  13. use of oral, implantable, injectable, or transdermal hormonal contraceptives within 10 days prior to Check-in (Day -1) or from the time of signing the informed consent (females only) until 14 days after the final dose administration;
  14. use of any prescription medications and/or products within 14 days prior to Check-in (Day -1) and during the entire study, unless deemed acceptable by the Investigator in consultation with the Sponsor;
  15. use of any over-the-counter, non-prescription preparations (including vitamins, minerals, and phytotherapeutic/herbal/plant-derived preparations) within 7 days prior to Check-in (Day -1) and during the entire study, unless deemed acceptable by the Investigator;
  16. poor peripheral venous access;
  17. donation of blood from 30 days prior to Screening through Study Completion (Day 19)/ET, inclusive, or of plasma from 2 weeks prior to Screening through Study Completion (Day 19)/ET, inclusive;
  18. receipt of blood products within 2 months prior to Check-in (Day -1);
  19. any acute or chronic condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would limit the subject's ability to complete and/or participate in this clinical study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02807051


Locations
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United States, Florida
Covance Clinical Research Unit
Daytona Beach, Florida, United States, 32117
Sponsors and Collaborators
CTI BioPharma
Covance
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Frank Farmer, MD, PhD, FACP, CPI Covance

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Responsible Party: CTI BioPharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02807051     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PAC104
First Posted: June 21, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 21, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Clarithromycin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors