Making the Most of Mealtimes Determinants of Food Intake (M3)
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M3 is a multi-site cross sectional study. Data were collected form 640 residents in 32 homes in Canada. The primary purpose of this study was to identify food intake in residents and compare this to recommendations, as well as determine influential determinants of food intake.
Condition or disease
This cross-sectional study has collected in-depth data at the resident, dining room, staff, and home level, focused on determinants of food intake. Dietary intake is based on three non-consecutive days of weighed and estimated food intake. Oral health and dyshphagia risk are assessed. Person directed care practices, mealtime environments and home level variables of food cost, production and delivery are ascertained.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
65 Years and older (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Participants were residents in long term care. Eligible residents were medically stable, living in the selected units from the participating homes. They had to be reside in the home for more than 1 month and not be on tube feeding or be considered at the end of life.
medically stable living in selected units, residing in home for more than one month consent to participate