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Immune Reconstitution of Immunosuppressed Sepsis Patients (IRIS-7a)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02797431
Recruitment Status : Terminated (failure of supply of test product)
First Posted : June 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 29, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Revimmune
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Limoges

Brief Summary:

A multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of two dosing frequencies of recombinant Interleukin-7 (CYT107) treatment to restore absolute lymphocyte counts in sepsis patients; IRIS-7A (Immune Reconstitution of Immunosuppressed Sepsis patients).

A parallel study will be performed in United State of America to allow a common statistical analysis of the primary end points and analysis for the enrolled patient population.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Severe Sepsis With Septic Shock Drug: Interleukin-7 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Sepsis is the leading cause of death in critically ill patients in most intensive care units in Europe and the US. Recently, evidence has accumulated that sepsis progresses from a state of hyper-inflammation to a state of immunosuppression. This immunosuppressive phase is characterized by increased incidence of secondary infections often with relatively avirulent opportunistic type pathogens. Currently, new therapeutic approaches to sepsis are occurring using immuno-adjuvants that boost host immunity. One of the most promising agents Interleukin-7 is an essential, non-redundant, pluripotent cytokine produced mainly by bone marrow and thymic stromal cells that is required for T-cell survival.In addition to its anti-apoptotic properties, IL-7 induces potent proliferation of naïve and memory T-cells potentially supporting replenishment of the peripheral T-cell pool which is severely depleted during sepsis. These effects were confirmed in clinical trials at the National Cancer Institute and in HIV+ patients.

This clinical study will test the ability of IL-7 to restore the absolute lymphocyte counts in septic patients who have markedly reduced levels of circulating lymphocytes. An effect already confirmed in preclinical models of sepsis.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blinded, Placebo-controlled Study of IL-7 to Restore Absolute Lymphocyte Counts in Sepsis Patients
Actual Study Start Date : January 14, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 21, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 13, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sepsis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CYT107 high frequency
Patients will receive Interleukin-7 (CYT107 liquid solution) at 10µg/kg twice a week for 4 weeks
Drug: Interleukin-7
IM administration of CYT107 recombinant glycosylated human IL-7 (SC administration for patients with INR>2.5 or platelet count < 35,000
Other Name: CYT 107

Experimental: CYT107 low frequency
Patients will receive Interleukin-7 (CYT107 liquid solution) at 10µg/kg twice a week for the first week, followed by CYT107 and Placebo once a week for the three following weeks
Drug: Interleukin-7
IM administration of CYT107 recombinant glycosylated human IL-7 (SC administration for patients with INR>2.5 or platelet count < 35,000
Other Name: CYT 107

Drug: Placebo
IM administration of Placebo (SC administration for patients with INR>2.5 or platelet count < 35,000
Other Name: NaCl 0.9%

Placebo Comparator: Control
Patients will receive Placebo (NaCl 0.9%) twice a week for 4 weeks
Drug: Placebo
IM administration of Placebo (SC administration for patients with INR>2.5 or platelet count < 35,000
Other Name: NaCl 0.9%




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. White blood count [ Time Frame: day 1 to Day 42 ]
    Number of patients with absolute lymphocyte counts (Multiply the Lymphocytes percentage above by the total number White Blood Count) increased by more than 50% from baseline at Day 42 Kinetic of immune restoration through weekly measures of Absolute Lymphocyte Counts

  2. lymphocyte percentage [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 42 ]
    Number of patients with absolute lymphocyte counts (Multiply the Lymphocytes percentage above by the total number White Blood Count) increased by more than 50% from baseline at Day 42 Kinetic of immune restoration through weekly measures of Absolute Lymphocyte Counts

  3. Incidence of treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 42 ]
    Clinical occurrence of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) during the duration of the study period ending day 42, as assessed by DAIDS (2.0)

  4. Mortality [ Time Frame: Day 60 ]
  5. Mortality [ Time Frame: Day 190 ]
  6. Mortality [ Time Frame: Day 180 ]
  7. Mortality [ Time Frame: Day 360 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. CYT107 Pharmacokinetic Cmax [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 22 ]
    CYT107 PK: Measure of Peak plasma concentration "Cmax" at Day 1 and Day 22

  2. CYT107 Pharmacokinetic AUC [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 22 ]
    CYT107 PK: Measure of Area under plasma concentration versus time curve at day 1 and day 22

  3. CYT107 Pharmacokinetic half life [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 22 ]
    CYT107 PK: Measure plasma concentration half life at day 1 and day 22

  4. Quantification of positive binding antibodies against CYT107 [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 11, Day 22, Day 60, Day 180 and Day 360 ]
    number of patients with positive binding antibodies against CYT107 at Day 1, Day 11, Day 22, Day 60, Day 180 if Day 60 is positive and Day 360 if Day 180 is positive.

  5. Specific CYT107 neutralizing antibodies [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 11, Day 22, Day 60, Day 180 and Day 360 ]
    Number of patients with CYT107 neutralizing antibodies if positive binding antibodies against CYT107 is detected.

  6. Incidence of hospital acquired secondary infections [ Time Frame: Day 42 ]
    Incidence of hospital acquired secondary infections at Day 42

  7. SOFA score [ Time Frame: Day 0 Day 4, Day 8, Day 15, Day 22, Day 29 ]
    SOFA score at Day 0 Day 4, Day 8, Day 15, Day 22, Day 29.

  8. APACHE II score [ Time Frame: Day 0, Day 4, Day 8, Day 15, Day 22, Day 29 ]
    APACHE II score at Day 0, Day 4, Day 8, Day 15, Day 22, Day 29.

  9. CYT107 Pharmacodynamic [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 8, Day 15, Day 22, Day 29 ]

    CYT107 effects on cell counts:

    T-CD4+, T-CD8+, T-CD127+ (IL-7R), monocyte HLA-DR+




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients of age ≥ 18 yrs and older but < 80 yrs
  2. Patients with persistent suspected sepsis at 48-120 hrs after admission
  3. Two or more criteria for the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) (see reference #19 for SIRS criteria) and a clinically or microbiologically suspected infection.
  4. At least one organ failure as defined by a SOFA score of ≥2 at any time point during the 48-120 hrs after admission to the ICU
  5. Requirement of vasopressor treatment as follows: i) epinephrine or norepinephrine at ≥ 0.05 µg/kg/min ideal body weight; ii) vasopressin, or iii) dopamine at ≥ 4-5 μg/kg/min ideal body weight, continuously for 4 hrs or more, provided that at least 20 ml/kg of ideal body weight of crystalloid or an equivalent volume of colloid was administered during the 24-hour interval surrounding the start of vasopressor treatment, to maintain systolic pressure ≥ 90 mmHg or a mean arterial pressure ≥ 60 mmHg at any time point during their sepsis course preceding enrollment into the IL-7 study.
  6. Lymphopenia with an absolute lymphocyte count ≤ 900 cells/mm3 at either the day of consent or the day prior to consent during their ICU stay.
  7. Predicted length of stay in the ICU of up to two weeks after starting drug therapy treatment in the trial
  8. Ability to obtain a signed informed consent from patient or LAR consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Cancer with current chemotherapy or radiotherapy and/or .receipt of chemotherapy or radiotherapy within the last 6 weeks
  2. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation within the previous 4 weeks without objective evidence of full neurologic recovery) or patients who have minimal chance of survival and are not expected to live > 3-5 days as defined by an APACHE II score of ≥ 35 at time of consideration for study eligibility
  3. Patients with a history of or who currently have evidence of autoimmune disease including for example: myasthenia gravis, Guillain Barre syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosis, multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, autoimmune hepatitis, Wegener's etc.
  4. Patients who have received solid organ transplant or bone marrow transplant
  5. Patients with active or a history of acute or chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  6. AIDS-defining illness (category C) diagnosed within the last 12 months prior to study entry
  7. History of splenectomy
  8. Any hematologic disease associated with hypersplenism, such as thalassemia, hereditary spherocytosis, Gaucher's Disease, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  9. Pregnant or lactating women
  10. Participation in another investigational interventional study within the last 6 months prior to study entry, with the exception of studies aimed at testing sedation products belonging to standard of care such as Propofol, Dexmedetomidine, Midazolam.
  11. Patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs, e.g., TNF-alpha inhibitors, for rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease or any other reason, or systemic corticosteroids other than hydrocortisone at a dose of 300 mg/day
  12. Patients receiving concurrent immunotherapy or biologic agents including: growth factors, cytokines and interleukins, (other than the study medication); for example IL-2,growth factors, interferons, HIV vaccines, immunosuppressive drugs, hydroxyurea, immunoglobulins, adoptive cell therapy
  13. Prisoners

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02797431


Locations
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France
CHU LIMOGES Service de Réanimation
Limoges, France
Hospice Civil de Lyon - Hôpital Edouard Herriot - Service de Réanimation Médicale
Lyon, France, 69003
Hopital Lariboisière - Service d'anesthésie-réanimation
Paris, France, 75010
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Limoges
Revimmune
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Bruno FRANCOIS, DM University Hospital, Limoges

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Limoges
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02797431     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: I14037 IRIS-7a
First Posted: June 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sepsis
Toxemia
Shock, Septic
Infection
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Shock