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Tranexamic Acid to Reduce Blood Loss in Hemorrhagic Caesarean Delivery (TRACES)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02797119
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Ministry of Health, France
French Health Products Safety Agency
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Lille

Brief Summary:
TRACES trial is a multicenter randomized double blind placebo control therapeutic and pharmaco-biological dose ranging study to measure the effect on blood loss reduction of a single intravenous infusion of two doses regimens (standard dose and low dose) of TA administered at the onset of an active PPH (>800mL) during elective or non-emergent CS and to correlate this clinical effect with the biological effect of fibrinolysis inhibition and the pharmacodynamic measure of TA uterine bleeding and venous blood concentration.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pregnancy Complications Hemorrhage Drug: tranexamic acid 1 g (TA1) Drug: tranexamic acid 0.5 g (TA1/2) Drug: Saline Solution (TA0) Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal death. Tranexamic acid (TA) (Exacyl® Sanofi France), an antifibrinolytic drug, reduces bleeding and transfusion need in major surgery and trauma (1). In ongoing PPH following vaginal delivery (2), a high dose of TA decreased the volume and duration of PPH, the transfusion need and the maternal morbidity, while early fibrinolysis was inhibited (3). Prophylactic use of TA limited the postoperative bleeding in elective non hemorrhagic caesarean section (CS). (1, 4) TA efficiency in the hemorrhagic caesarean context has not been previously published.

TA doses range vary from 2,5 to 100 mg/kg and side effects were observed with the largest doses.(1,4) Pharmacokinetics old data concerned non hemorrhagic patients.(1) WOMAN ongoing international trial using a one gram dose have a mortality reduction objective.(5) The optimal dose for ongoing caesarean PPH has to be determined.

Aim of the study:

The aim of the multicenter randomized double blind placebo control therapeutic and pharmaco-biological dose ranging study TRACES is to measure the effect on blood loss reduction of a single intravenous infusion of two doses regimens of TA administered at the onset of an active PPH (>800mL) during elective or non-emergent CS and to correlate this clinical effect with the biological effect of fibrinolysis inhibition and the pharmacodynamic measure of TA uterine bleeding and venous blood concentration.

Statistical method:

The sample size computation is based on the expected difference between the placebo group and the low dose. On the base of EXADELI trial results, the investigators calculated that a total of 342 subjects (114 per group) is required, For the main objective, the blood loss volume measured in each experimental group (low dose and high dose) will be compared to that of the placebo group by using an analysis of covariance adjusted for baseline blood loss volume. In cases of non-normal distribution, relative blood loss volume will be calculated and compared using a Mann-Whitney U test. Analyses will be done on an intention-to-treat basis and all statistical tests will be performed with a 2-tailed alpha risk of 0.05. The sample size computation for the pharmaco-biological substudy have been calculated regarding the inhibition of fibrinolysis (D Dimers increase between 30 and 120 minutes negative or null (EXADELI trial 11)). The NNS for this substudy is 48 patients in each of the 3 hemorrhagic groups and 48 patients in the reference non-hemorrhagic group for a total of 192 patients. These substudy hemorrhagic patients will be selected from the experimental groups as the first 144 patients for which the TA concentration and plasmin peak specific sampling will be completed regarding the blood collection and congelation organisation in each center.

Expected research benefit:

The project is aimed to answer for a current clinical practice question: Timing and dose of TA to reduce blood loss and maternal morbidity due to active hemorrhage during CS in order to determine the optimal and minimal TA dose to obtain the better efficacy and the limitations of side-effects.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 390 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tranexamic Acid to Reduce Blood Loss in Hemorrhagic Caesarean Delivery: a Multicenter Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Therapeutic and Pharmaco-biological Dose Ranging Study (TRACES) for Its Optimal Benefit/Risk
Actual Study Start Date : March 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: tranexamic acid 1 g (TA1)

To measure the efficacy of a standard 1g dose TA to reduce blood loss in ongoing hemorrhagic cesarean section.

To correlate this clinical effect with the fibrinolysis inhibition and the TA venous and uterine blood concentration

Drug: tranexamic acid 1 g (TA1)
1 g standard dose tranexamic acid, intravenous unique bolus over 1 minute

Experimental: tranexamic acid 0.5 g (TA1/2)
To measure the efficacy of a low 0,5g dose TA to reduce blood loss in ongoing hemorrhagic cesarean section To correlate this clinical effect with the fibrinolysis inhibition and the TA venous and uterine blood concentration
Drug: tranexamic acid 0.5 g (TA1/2)
0.5 g standard dose tranexamic acid, intravenous unique bolus over 1 minute

Placebo Comparator: Saline Solution (TA0)
To measure the evolution of blood loss without TA in ongoing hemorrhagic cesarean section To correlate this clinical evolution with fibrinolysis.
Drug: Saline Solution (TA0)
No Intervention: NH
To measure the reference fibrinolytic activity in non-hemorrhagic cesarean section



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bleeding [ Time Frame: between inclusion (T0) and 6 hours after inclusion (T360). ]
    Bleeding will be strictly measured (mL) in aspiration or cell salvage bags (substraction of the amniotic fluid if needed) and drapes weighting at each time point.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Postpartum anemia [ Time Frame: at day 2, at day 5 ]
  2. Postpartum blood loss [ Time Frame: at Day 2 ]
  3. number of patients presenting with maternal morbidity ie haemostatic interventions and organ failure and ICU admission [ Time Frame: At day 5, At day 42 ]
  4. Death [ Time Frame: at day 42 ]
  5. Biological fibrinolysis inhibition [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours later) ]
    Percentage of patients for which D Dimers increase is blunted.

  6. Urinary urea and Creatinuria on timed diuresis [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours later) ]
    Urinary Urea (g/L) and creatinuria (mg/L) are measured on a timed urinary sample : collected from the bladder catheter, initial diuresis at the beginning of CS is thrown out at the time of inclusion. A strict measure of urinary volume is made at T120, a sample of one monovette of urines is done to get the concentration of urea, creatinuria and tranexamic acid and their ratio and then thrown out. The same process is done on the urinary volume collected between T120 and T360.

  7. the number of patients developing an oliguria or a renal failure (RIFLE score more than 2) [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours later) ]
    Diuresis is measured on a timed urinary sample : collected from the bladder catheter, initial diuresis at the beginning of CS is thrown out at the time of inclusion. A strict measure of urinary volume is made at T120 and T360. Oliguria is defined as a diuresis less than 180mL per 6 hours. Urea (g/L) and creatininemia (mg/L) are measured at T0 inclusion and T360, 6 hours later. the number of patients developping an oliguria or a renal failure (RIFLE score more than 2) is collected.

  8. Deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and Day 42 ]
    Number of patient developing a deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism clinically diagnosed and confirmed by echodoppler for DVT and angiosccanner for PE. Data collected from the clinical follow up since hospital discharge and a phone call at D42 +/- 10 days

  9. Seizures [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and Day 42 ]
    Number of patient developing a seizure clinically diagnosed

  10. Visual disturbances [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and Day 42 ]
    Number of patient developing a colours' visual disturbance clinically diagnosed. Data collected from the clinical follow up since hospital discharge and a phone call at D42 +/- 10 days.

  11. Nausea [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and Day 42 ]
    Number of patient developing nausea clinically diagnosed and needing a treatment. Data collected from the clinical follow up since hospital discharge and a phone call at D42 +/- 10 days.

  12. Peak Plasma Concentration (Cmax) in venous blood [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Venous blood sampled on a dedicated catheter. Biological assessment using Van Geffen method for thrombin and plasmin direct measurement in a weill. Plasmin inhibition.

  13. Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) in venous blood [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Venous blood sampled on a dedicated catheter. Biological assessment using Van Geffen method for thrombin and plasmin direct measurement in a weill.

  14. Lagtime between thrombin and plasmin peaks (s) in venous blood [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Venous blood sampled on a dedicated catheter. Biological assessment using Van Geffen method for thrombin and plasmin direct measurement in a weill.

  15. Peak Plasma Concentration (Cmax) in uterine bleeding [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Uterine bleeding sampled by obstetrician in placental bed and after hysterotomy is closed, collected vaginally. Biological assessment using Van Geffen method for thrombin and plasmin direct measurement in a weill.

  16. Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) in uterine bleeding [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Uterine bleeding sampled by obstetrician in placental bed and after hysterotomy is closed, collected vaginally. Biological assessment using Van Geffen method for thrombin and plasmin direct measurement in a weill.

  17. Lagtime between thrombin and plasmin peaks (s) in uterine bleeding [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Uterine bleeding sampled by obstetrician in placental bed and after hysterotomy is closed, collected vaginally. Biological assessment using Van Geffen method for thrombin and plasmin direct measurement in a weill.

  18. Tranexamic acid plasma concentration [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Venous blood sampled on a dedicated catheter. Biological assessment using direct plasma drug concentration (mg/L) measurement.

  19. Tranexamic acid concentration in uterine bleeding [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Uterine bleeding sampled by obstetrician in placental bed and after hysterotomy is closed, collected vaginally. Biological assessment using direct plasma drug concentration (mg/L) measurement.

  20. Tranexamic acid urinary excretion [ Time Frame: Between T0 (inclusion) and T360 (6hours after inclusion) ]
    Tranexamic acid concentration (mg/L) is measured parallely to urinary urea (g/L) and creatinuria (mg/L) on a timed urinary sample : collected from the bladder catheter, initial diuresis at the beginning of CS is thrown out at the time of inclusion. A strict measure of urinary volume is made at T120, a sample of one monovette of urines is done to get the concentration of urea, creatinuria and tranexamic acid and their ratio and then thrown out. The same process is done on the urinary volume collected between T120 and T360.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Experimental group: Each patient

  • experiencing a bleeding volume of more than 800 mL
  • due to surgery or to atony uterine
  • during an elective or non-emergent caesarean section
  • secondary post-partum haemorrhage after caesarean section, even if CS has been emergent
  • after complete information and consent signature.
  • covered by social security. Reference non-hemorrhagic group: Each patient
  • experiencing a bleeding volume of strictly less than 800 mL
  • during an elective or emergent caesarean section
  • after complete information and consent signature.
  • covered by social security.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patient unable to consent (<18 years old or incapable people and specially protected mentioned in the article L1121-5 to L1121-8) RCP medical contraindication to tranexamic acid such as

  • Hypersensibility to the product or excipient,
  • Previous or ongoing arterial or venous thrombosis,
  • Coagulopathy, except DIC associated with a predominant fibrinolytic profile,
  • Renal failure,
  • Previous seizures,
  • intrathecal or intraventricular administration. Obstetrical contraindication to TA
  • Severe HELLP syndrome (platelet count <50 000/m3 or renal failure prior to the caesarean (RIFLE score>2) Protocol related contraindication to inclusion
  • Administration of TA before inclusion-Inherited haemorrhagic diseases and low molecular weight heparin within 24 hours before inclusion
  • Patients who participated in a study on the efficacy of an experimental drug in the two month preceding the caesarean section
  • Inherited haemorrhagic diseases or low molecular weight heparin within 24 hours before inclusion
  • Previous inclusion in an interventional trial since the 2 months before CS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02797119


Contacts
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Contact: Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, MD anne-sophie.ducloy@chru-lille.fr

Locations
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France
Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre - CHRU de Lille Recruiting
Lille, France
Contact: Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, MD       anne-sophie.ducloy@chru-lille.fr   
Principal Investigator: Alexandre Turbelin, MD         
Hospices civils de Lyon CHU-Lyon Croix Rousse Not yet recruiting
Lyon, France
Principal Investigator: Françoise Broisin, MD         
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux Paris Hôpital Louis Mourier Recruiting
Paris, France
Principal Investigator: Hawa Keita-Meyer, MD         
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux Paris Hôpital Trousseau Recruiting
Paris, France
Principal Investigator: Agnès Rigouzzo, MD         
Centre Hospitalier Maternité Monaco Valenciennes Recruiting
Valenciennes, France
Principal Investigator: Laurent Chonow, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Lille
Ministry of Health, France
French Health Products Safety Agency
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, MD University Hospital, Lille

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Lille
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02797119     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015_13
2015-002499-26 ( EudraCT Number )
PHRC_2014_0032 ( Other Identifier: PHRC number, DGOS )
First Posted: June 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Lille:
Tranexamic acid
Fibrinolysis
Cesarean section
Pharmacokinetics
D dimers
Fibrinogen
Plasmin
Transfusion

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pregnancy Complications
Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Tranexamic Acid
Antifibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hemostatics
Coagulants