Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Zika Virus and Related Arbovirus Infections in Deferred Blood Donors (ZVADD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02794181
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Background:

Zika virus is mostly passed on by the bite of an infected mosquito. It usually causes mild illness. But in pregnant women it can cause serious birth defects to the baby. The virus can also spread by blood transfusion and sexual intercourse. This is why the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) recommended that people should not give blood if possibly exposed to Zika virus. Dengue virus and chikungunya virus are passed by the same mosquitoes as Zika virus. These can cause severe reactions if passed through transfused blood.

Donated blood is usually not tested for these three viruses. Researchers want to count the infections in people who have been exposed because of travel or sexual exposure. They want to learn the risk these viruses might pose to the U.S. blood supply. They also want to study the natural history of these viruses by following infected people over time.

Objective:

To study the risk of Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses to the U.S. blood supply.

Eligibility:

Adults age 18 or older who were turned down for donating blood because of possible exposure to certain viruses.

Design:

Participants will have blood and urine tests. They will answer questions about their travel.

They will be called in about a week with virus test results.

Participants with negative results do not have any more study visits.

Participants with positive results will be asked to stay in the study for 6 months. They will have weekly clinic visits and tests until results are negative for 2 straight weeks. Once test results are negative, they will have monthly visits. Visits will include physical exams, blood and urine samples, and optional semen samples from men.

Most people will have 3-4 weekly visits and 5 monthly visits.


Condition or disease
Zika Virus Dengue Virus Chikungunya Virus Infections

Detailed Description:

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an Aedes species mosquito-transmitted Flavivirus responsible for an ongoing epidemic in over twenty countries and territories in the Caribbean, and in North, Central and South America. A 20-fold increased risk of microcephaly has been reported in newborns of infected mothers in Brazil. Of nine identified pregnant travelers returning to the U.S. from areas with local ZIKV infection, five have experienced severe neonatal outcomes.

ZIKV can be transmitted via blood transfusion and by sexual exposure to a ZIKV-infected man. In response, AABB (formerly the American Association of Blood Banks) made recommendations and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued guidance for donor deferral based on 1) travel to locations with active ZIKV transmission; or for 2) sexual exposure to a man who has traveled to an area with active ZIKV transmission. Further, Aedes species mosquito vectors that transmit ZIKV also transmit dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Areas with local ZIKV transmission also commonly have local DENV and CHIKV transmission. DENV and CHIKV are transmissible via blood transfusion and can result in severe outcomes in transfusion recipients.

The primary aims of this study are to: 1) assess the prevalence of ZIKV, DENV and CHIKV infection (RNA-positives) among adults who attempted to donate blood but were deferred because of travel to places with local transmission of ZIKV, DENV and/or CHIKV (travel-deferred donors); 2) assess the prevalence of ZIKV infection (RNA-positives) among adults who attempted to donate blood who were deferred due to potential sexual exposure to ZIKV infection; 3) assess the prevalence of ZIKV, DENV and CHIKV infection (RNA-positives) among blood donors whose blood or platelets were collected and who called back to report any illness within 2 weeks of donation; and to 4) study the 24-week natural history of ZIKV, DENV and CHIKV infection among deferred adult donors who tested RNA-positive for any of these agents.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Study of Zika Virus and Related Arbovirus Infections in Deferred Blood Donors
Study Start Date : June 8, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 14, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 14, 2019





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Prevalence of ZIKV, DENV and CHIKV infection (RNA-positives) among travel-deferred adult blood donors in the study population. [ Time Frame: Time 0; among RNA-positives: weeks 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,16,20,24 ]
  2. Prevalence of ZIKV infection (RNApositives) among adult blood donors with a history of potential sexual exposure to ZIKV infection, in the study population. [ Time Frame: Time 0; among RNA-positives: weeks 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,16,20,24 ]
  3. 24-week Natural History of ZIKV, DENV and CHIKV (RNA-positives). [ Time Frame: weeks 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,16,20,24 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Adults who traveled within the past month to places with local transmission of ZIKV, DENV and/or CHIKV who would otherwise be eligible to donate blood;
  • Volunteer adult blood donors or potential blood donors who are deferred from blood donation because they tested positive for Zika virus.
  • Volunteer adult blood and platelet donors (blood donors) who present to the NIH Clinical Center Department of Transfusion Medicine (DTM) and the Fishers Lane Donor Center are eligible for study enrollment if they:

    1. Are deferred because of travel to an area with active ZIKV transmission within the past 4 weeks; or
    2. Are deferred because of sexual contact during the past 4 weeks with a sexual partner who traveled to an area with active ZIKV transmission in the 3 months prior to that instance of sexual contact; or
    3. Are deferred because of travel to a malaria-endemic area; and returned from the area in the past month; or
    4. Have donated blood or platelets AND within 2 weeks of donation they called the NIH DTM or Fishers Lane Donor Centers to report any signs or symptoms of infection, AND they traveled to an area with active transmission of ZIKV, DENV or CHIKV within the past 4 weeks (from symptom onset); OR had sexual contact within the past 4 weeks (from symptom onset) with a sexual partner who traveled to an area with active ZIKV transmission in the 3 months prior to that instance of sexual contact.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Potential donors who do not meet the inclusion criteria are excluded. Potential donors under 18 years of age, paid or research blood donors and pregnant women are excluded from enrollment. Children are not eligible to donate blood without parental consent and the frequency of number of follow-up visits places an undue burden on school age children. Paid or research blood donors are not representative of the normal blood donor population. Pregnant women are not eligible to donate blood.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02794181


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Robert D Allison, M.D. National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Publications:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02794181    
Other Study ID Numbers: 160124
16-CC-0124
First Posted: June 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2019
Last Verified: March 14, 2019
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Transfusion-Transmitted Infections
Dengue Virus
Chikungunya Virus
Natural History
Blood Transfusion
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Infection
Communicable Diseases
Virus Diseases
Dengue
Chikungunya Fever
Zika Virus Infection
Arbovirus Infections
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
Alphavirus Infections
Togaviridae Infections