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Study of HDV Insulin Versus Insulin in Type 1 Diabetes Subjects (ISLE-1) (ISLE-1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02794155
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 8, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Integrium
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Diasome Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This will be a Phase 2b, multicenter, randomized, double blind, titration clinical study, evaluating the efficacy and safety in the HDV Insulin Lispro Group versus Insulin Lispro Group in patients with type 1 diabetes over a 26 week treatment period. The patients will be randomized using a centrally allocated randomization scheme to 1 of the 2 treatment arms in an overall 2:1 scheme (HDV Insulin Lispro: Insulin Lispro). Both arms will receive the randomized treatment in combination with glargine or detemir. Goal to demonstrate that the efficacy of HDV insulin lispro administered in combination with a basal insulin (HDV Insulin Lispro group) is non-inferior to insulin lispro in combination with a basal insulin (Insulin Lispro group), in effects on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with type 1 diabetes. If non-inferiority is demonstrated, confirm that HDV insulin lispro in combination with a basal insulin (HDV Insulin Lispro group) is superior to insulin lispro in combination with a basal insulin (Insulin Lispro group), in effects on HbA1c in patients with type 1 diabetes (≥ 0.4% decrease in HbA1c).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Drug: HDV Insulin Lispro Drug: Insulin LISPRO Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This will be a Phase 2b, multicenter, randomized, double blind, titration clinical study, evaluating the efficacy and safety in the HDV Insulin Lispro Group versus Insulin Lispro Group in patients with type 1 diabetes over a 26 week treatment period. The patients will be randomized using a centrally allocated randomization scheme to 1 of the 2 treatment arms in an overall 2:1 scheme (HDV Insulin Lispro: Insulin Lispro). Both arms will receive the randomized treatment in combination with glargine or detemir.

SCREENING (Visit 1, Week -4 to -1) Patients will arrive for Screening following an 8 hour fast. During Screening, patients will sign the informed consent form, be reviewed for inclusion/exclusion, and provide medical history, concomitant medications, and demographics. They will have a brief physical exam and provide vital signs. Safety hematology/chemistry/urinalysis (with liver enzymes) will include infectious serology, and serum pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. An ECG will be performed and patients will provide samples for HbA1c determination.

Patients taking lispro/glargine or lispro/detemir at the time of Screening and who meet all eligibility criteria will proceed to Visit 2 (Week -1).

TREATMENT PERIOD Visit 1a (Week -2) will be required only if a patient must convert to lispro prior to Visit 3 (Week 0, randomization). Patients taking non-lispro/glargine or non-lispro/detemir or using an insulin pump will be converted to lispro/glargine or lispro/detemir (respectively) using equivalent insulin units, then proceed to Visit 2 (Week -1) after 1 week on the new regimen. At Visit 2 (Week -1), patients will receive the CGM and be trained on its use. Patients will also have their first Mixed Meal Tolerance Test (MMTT) during Visit 2 (Week -1) accompanied by monitoring of blood ketones pre- and post-ingestion. CGM and MMTT will be repeated at Visits 9 (Week 12) and 14 (Week 25). A diary, glucose meter, and supplies will also be provided at Visit 2 (Week -1). Patients will be instructed on how to perform self-monitored blood glucose measurements (SMBG). During Visit 3 (Week 0), eligible patients will be randomized by IWRS to either treatment arm (Test Group or Control Group) and baseline data will be collected. All visits will include progress reviews and safety procedures. Safety hematology/chemistry/ urinalysis at Visits 2 (Week -1), 10 (Week 13), 14 (Week 25) and 16 (Week 27) will include liver enzymes. At Visits 6 (Week 5) and 12 (Week 19), liver enzymes will be the only chemistry safety tests performed. The only chemistry safety tests performed at Visits 2 (Week -1), 9 (Week 12), and 14 (Week 25) will be blood ketones; these will be measured at baseline and 3 hours after the MMTT. HbA1c will be measured at Visits 3 (Week 0), 4 (Week 1), 7 (Week 7), 10 (Week 13), 12 (Week 19), and 15 (Week 26). Fasting blood glucose will be measured at Visits 3 (Week 0), 10 (Week 13), and 15 (Week 26). An in-clinic urine pregnancy test will be performed at all visits for women of childbearing potential. MRI will be performed at Visits 3 (Week 0) and 14 (Week 25) for approximately 20% of patients in each treatment arm. MRI may also be performed on a case-by-case basis in the event of abnormal liver enzyme results. Patients will receive weekly telephone calls from the PI or a designee to discuss insulin dosing and titration.

FOLLOW-UP Visit 16 (Week 27) is a safety follow-up visit which will include a physical exam. Safety hematology/chemistry/ urinalysis (including liver enzymes) will include a urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential.

Concomitant medications, vital signs, and adverse events will be recorded throughout the entire study period.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 157 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2b, Multicenter, Randomized, Double Blind, Titration Trial for Efficacy and Safety of HDV Insulin Lispro in Combination With a Basal Insulin Versus Insulin Lispro in Combination With a Basal Insulin in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes
Study Start Date : June 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 28, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 15, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Test Group
HDV Insulin Lispro subcutaneous, pre-prandial dosing, 26 week treatment period
Drug: HDV Insulin Lispro
HDV Insulin Lispro: ~1% of the Insulin Lispro is bound to HDV (Hepatocyte Directed Vesicle)
Other Name: HDV Humalog

Active Comparator: Control Group
Insulin Lispro subcutaneous, Pre-prandial dosing, 26 week treatment period
Drug: Insulin LISPRO
Insulin Lispro: no bound insulin
Other Name: Humalog




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in HbA1c [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Change in HbA1c from Week 0 to Week 13, from Week 0 to Week 26, and from Week 13 to Week 26


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in fasting blood glucose glucose levels [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Difference in fasting blood glucose levels Mean Mixed Tolerance Test AUC,

  2. Hypoglycemia occurrences by category: Severe, Documented Symptomatic, and Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Comparison of frequency and severity of hypoglycemia

  3. Number of Patients with Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    • To demonstrate the safety of HDV insulin lispro over 26 weeks of administration.

  4. Change in total insulin usage [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    • Comparison of basal and bolus insulin doses as a mean of 3 days of use at Week 0 and at 13 and 26 weeks, and comparison of total bolus insulin dosing at end of run-in phase to the end of the 13 week treatment period, and from the 13 week treatment period to the 26 week treatment period.

  5. Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Comparison of change in body weight (in Kilograms) from baseline through week 26.

  6. Mean Mixed Meal Tolerance Test [ Time Frame: 13 and 26 weeks ]
    Comparison of mean mixed meal tolerance test (MMTT) (AUC0-120) from Week 0 (baseline) to Week 13, from Week 0 (baseline) to Week 26, and from Week 13 to Week 26



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Men and women ≥ 18 yrs. of age
  2. Clinical diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes mellitus for at least 12 months
  3. Body Mass Index (BMI) ≤ 35 Kg/m2
  4. Basal insulin includes insulin Glargine or insulin Detemir
  5. Patient should be using bolus insulin defined as 2 to 4 doses of regular human insulin or rapid-acting analog at meals
  6. HbA1c ≥ 7.0% and ≤ 10.5%
  7. Fasting C-peptide ≤ 0.5 pmol/mL
  8. Willingness to adhere to protocol and perform all required tests
  9. Willing and able to review and sign the Informed Consent Form.
  10. If child bearing age, must use acceptable form of birth control (ligation, 2 forms of birth control)
  11. Willing to wear CGM devices and complete diaries.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Total daily insulin dose ≥ 1.5 IU/kg/day.
  2. History of recent blood transfusions (within previous 3 months), hemoglobinopathies, or any other conditions that effect HbA1c measurements
  3. Evidence of serious complications of diabetes (eg, Symptomatic autonomic neuropathy)
  4. Patients who are selected to but are unwilling or unable to participate in the MRI evaluation subset. (These patients may still participate in the non-MRI subset).
  5. Significant cardiovascular dysfunction or history within 12 months of Screening, eg, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV), or clinically significant arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, cardiac surgery; history of valvular heart disease including mild or greater aortic insufficiency, or moderate or greater mitral insufficiency; recurrent syncope, transient ischemic attacks, or cerebrovascular accident
  6. Impaired liver function with elevated enzymes > 50% above the normal range at Screening. Patients with elevated liver enzymes may have the test repeated only at Visit 2 on a case-by-case basis at the request of the PI.
  7. Creatinine level > 2 mg/dL for men, and > 1.8 mg/dL for women at Screening.
  8. Patient on low carbohydrate diet, such as Atkins Diet
  9. History of Adrenal supplementation within 3 years of Screening.
  10. History of unawareness or SEVERE recurrent hypoglycemia, defined as a patient who is unaware of symptoms of hypoglycemia, or due to autonomic dysfunction, has no inherent warnings of hypoglycemia, and therefore requires outside assistance to rectify any episodes of hypoglycemia
  11. Patients treated with systemic corticosteroids (Sporadic use of inhaled, intraarticular, and topical corticosteroids is not considered systemic).
  12. Patients with triglyceride levels ≥500 mg/dL at Screening.
  13. Patients with a history of cancer within the past 5 years, excluding basal or squamous cell carcinoma localized to the skin.
  14. Epilepsy or other physical or medical conditions which could result in non-compliance with the study.
  15. Participation in a clinical trial or use of an investigational drug within 30 days prior to admission to this study
  16. Unwilling to discontinue use of an insulin pump for the duration of the study.
  17. Women who are pregnant, nursing, or planning to become pregnant during the course of the study.
  18. Patients on NPH as their basal insulin.
  19. Positive history of hepatitis A (within 12 months of Screening), or a positive history of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV at Screening.
  20. History of drug addiction and/or alcohol abuse within 12 months of Screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02794155


Locations
Show Show 21 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Diasome Pharmaceuticals
Integrium
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David Klonoff, MD Mills-Peninsula Health Services
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Diasome Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02794155    
Other Study ID Numbers: DP 01-2015-01
First Posted: June 8, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 31, 2018
Last Verified: January 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin Lispro
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs