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Coronary Flow Reserve to Assess Cardiovascular Inflammation (CIRT-CFR) (CIRT-CFR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02786134
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Ottawa Heart Institute Research Corporation
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marcelo F. Di Carli, MD, FACC, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Brief Summary:
Coronary flow reserve (CFR, calculated as the ratio of hyperemic over rest myocardial blood flow) is emerging as a powerful quantitative prognostic imaging marker of clinical cardiovascular risk. CFR provides a robust and reproducible clinical measure of the integrated hemodynamic effects of epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD), diffuse atherosclerosis, and microvascular dysfunction on myocardial tissue perfusion. Inflammation is a key mediator of this constellation of abnormalities, affecting the entire coronary vasculature, but no clinical trial to date has shown that directly reducing inflammation lowers cardiovascular event rates. As such, the recently launched Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial (CIRT) provides a unique opportunity for mechanistic investigation of the impact of anti-inflammatory therapy on changes in CFR as a reflection of coronary vascular dysfunction, which may precede clinical outcomes, particularly in patients at high-risk of events. The investigators are ideally positioned to examine the impact of inflammation on CFR, having extensive experience in both the quantitation of CFR using clinically-integrated dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) and the ability to assess its association with cardiovascular outcomes. The central hypothesis of this ancillary proposal, CIRT-CFR, is that reducing systemic inflammation using low-dose methotrexate (LDM) will, compared to placebo, quantitatively improve myocardial blood flow and coronary flow reserve as measured by PET over one year, in stable CAD patients with type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome enrolled in CIRT. In so doing, improvement in coronary vasoreactivity, endothelial function, and tissue perfusion may have beneficial effects on myocardial mechanics, left ventricular deformation and function and, ultimately, symptoms and prognosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Heart Disease Metabolic Syndrome Diabetes Mellitus Radiation: PET scan Radiation: Echocardiogram Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Randomization and double-blind study treatment period to either placebo or LDM (1:1) of willing and eligible patients will occur at the end of the open label run-in phase per the parent CIRT protocol, and will be stratified by time since the qualifying event (< 6 or ≥ 6 months from the date of MI or most recent angiogram), type of event (MI or multivessel CAD), presence of either type 2 DM or metabolic syndrome, and site, which will ensure balance in the proposed study. Patients willing to participate in CIRT will be asked to enroll into the sub-study and may sign the CIRT-CFR informed consent at any point between signing the parent CIRT informed consent and completing the parent CIRT randomization visit (Visit 4). After giving informed consent for the ancillary CIRT-CFR, patients will undergo the baseline PET scan along with echocardiography at any point between the parent CIRT post run-in visit (Visit 3) and up to 4 weeks after randomization (Visit 4).

Imaging will be performed at the 3 imaging centers (BWH, OHI, and UAB). To minimize participant and site burden, only a baseline and single follow-up imaging time point will be pursued. Imaging tests (PET and echo) will be scheduled on the same day for patient convenience if possible, and no more than one week apart. "Baseline" study visit imaging will follow the open label run-in period of the parent trial to enhance long-term compliance and eliminate risk of radiation exposure for any individuals with immediate intolerance to the LDM study protocol. The imaging tests proposed are non-invasive, routinely performed, and historically well tolerated by patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The CIRT-CFR study is a sub-study based off the main CIRT trial.
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Coronary Flow Reserve to Assess Cardiovascular Inflammation (CIRT-CFR)
Actual Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: low-dose methotrexate (LDM)
Patients willing to participate in CIRT will be asked to enroll into the sub-study and may sign the CIRT-CFR informed consent at any point between signing the parent CIRT informed consent and completing the parent CIRT randomization visit (Visit 4). After giving informed consent for the ancillary CIRT-CFR, patients will undergo the baseline rest/dipyridamole stress PET scan along with echocardiography. The final PET scan and echocardiogram will occur at approximately 12 months after randomization.
Radiation: PET scan
A cardiac PET scan will be performed at baseline (main CIRT trial randomization) and at 12-months.

Radiation: Echocardiogram
An echocardiogram will be performed at baseline (main CIRT trial randomization) and at 12-months.

Experimental: placebo
Patients willing to participate in CIRT will be asked to enroll into the sub-study and may sign the CIRT-CFR informed consent at any point between signing the parent CIRT informed consent and completing the parent CIRT randomization visit (Visit 4). After giving informed consent for the ancillary CIRT-CFR, patients will undergo the baseline rest/dypridamole stress PET scan along with echocardiography. The final PET scan and echocardiogram will occur at approximately 12 months after randomization.
Radiation: PET scan
A cardiac PET scan will be performed at baseline (main CIRT trial randomization) and at 12-months.

Radiation: Echocardiogram
An echocardiogram will be performed at baseline (main CIRT trial randomization) and at 12-months.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in global myocardial blood flow in response to dipyridamole [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Change (from baseline) in global coronary flow reserve (in mL/min/g) in response to dipyridamole as measured by PET imaging at baseline and at one year

  2. Change in total stress perfusion deficit [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Change (from baseline) in total stress perfusion deficit as measured by PET imaging at baseline and at one year

  3. LDM for 12 months will result in improved LV systolic function [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Change (from baseline) in left ventricular systolic function, reflected primarily in LV global longitudinal strain, at 1 year post baseline PET/randomization

  4. Changes in LV systolic and diastolic function after 12 months of LDM therapy [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Change (from baseline) in LV diastolic function reflected primarily in mitral annular early diastolic relaxation velocity (E') at 1 year post baseline PET/randomization



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥18 years at screening;
  2. Documented past history of MI OR past evidence of multivessel CAD by angiography, completed any planned coronary revascularization associated with a qualifying event at least 60 days prior to enrollment, and clinically stable for ≥60 days prior to enrollment; qualifying prior MI must be documented either by hospital records, evidence on current ECG of Q waves in 2 contiguous leads, and/or an imaging test demonstrating wall motion abnormality or scar; qualifying evidence of multivessel CAD by angiography must be documented by CAD in at least two major epicardial vessels defined either as the presence of a stent, a coronary artery bypass graft, or an angiographic lesion of 60% or greater (left main CAD that has been revascularized with a stent or bypass graft will qualify as multivessel disease, as will the presence of a 50% or greater isolated left main stenosis);
  3. History of type 2 DM or metabolic syndrome (meeting 2004 AHA/NHLBI definition*) at time of study enrollment; *includes any 3 of the following 5 diagnostic criteria: waist circumference ≥ 102 cm in men or 88 cm in women; triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dl or on drug treatment for elevated triglycerides; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)< 40 mg/dL in men or < 50 mg/dL in women or on drug treatment for reduced HDL-C; systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mm Hg or on drug treatment for hypertension; and elevated fasting glucose ≥ 100 mg/dL or on drug treatment for elevated glucose.
  4. Willingness to participate as evidenced by signing the CIRT and CIRT-CFR informed consent.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Prior history of chronic infectious disease, tuberculosis, or severe fungal disease; chronic hepatitis B or C infection; renal insufficiency; interstitial pneumonitis, bronchiectasis, or pulmonary fibrosis; known chronic pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, or ascites; chronic liver disease; myeloproliferative disorders in the past 5 years; non-basal cell malignancy or treated lymphoproliferative disease within the past 5 years; known HIV positive; life expectancy of <3 years;
  2. Chronic inflammatory condition such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease
  3. White blood cell count <3,500/ul, hematocrit < 32 percent, or platelet count < 75,000/ul
  4. Liver transaminase levels (AST or ALT) >upper limit of normal (ULN) or albumin < the lower limit of normal (LLN);
  5. Creatinine clearance < 40 ml/min as estimated with the Cockroft-Gault equation;
  6. History of alcohol abuse or unwillingness to limit alcohol consumption to less than 4 drinks per week
  7. Women of child bearing potential, even if they are currently using contraception, and women intending to breastfeed.
  8. Men who plan to father children during the study period or who are unwilling to use effective forms of contraception.
  9. Requirement for use of drugs that alter folate metabolism (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazol) or reduce tubular excretion (probenecid) or known allergies to antibiotics making avoidance of trimethoprim impossible;
  10. Current indication for methotrexate therapy;
  11. Chronic use of oral steroid therapy or other immunosuppressive or biologic response modifiers (see Exclusionary Medication List in Manual of Operations). Eligible study participants will be encouraged to have up to date pneumococcal and influenza vaccinations as recommended based on their age and underlying medical conditions.
  12. Chest X-ray evidence in the past 12 months of interstitial pneumonitis, bronchiectasis, or pulmonary fibrosis. For participants who do not have a chest X-ray in the prior 12 months, a chest X-ray will be obtained at baseline as part of the study protocol.
  13. New York Heart Association Class IV congestive heart failure.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02786134


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Ottawa Heart Institute Research Corporation
University of Alabama at Birmingham
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Responsible Party: Marcelo F. Di Carli, MD, FACC, Chief of Nuclear Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02786134    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013P002186
First Posted: May 30, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Metabolic Syndrome
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Cardiovascular Diseases
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases