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Study of Romiplostim(AMG531) in Subjects With Aplastic Anemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02773290
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd.

Brief Summary:

The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of romiplostim administered once weekly to Aplastic Anemia (AA) patients with thrombocytopenia refractory to or ineligible for immunosuppressive therapy in Japan and Korea.

Safety and pharmacokinetics of romiplostim after repeated administration will also be assessed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Aplastic Anemia Biological: Romiplostim Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 46 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2/3 Study of Romiplostim(AMG531) in Subjects With Aplastic Anemia Refractory to or Ineligible for Immunosuppressive Therapy
Study Start Date : May 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Romiplostim

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Romiplostim
Weekly Subcutaneous (SC) administration
Biological: Romiplostim
Weekly SC administration

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects achieving a hematological response (any of the platelet response, erythroid response, and neutrophil response) at Week 27 [ Time Frame: At 27 weeks after dosing ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects with a hematological response at the end-of- treatment examination [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks after dosing ]
  2. Time from the first romiplostim administration to hematological response [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks after dosing ]
  3. In subjects receiving platelet transfusion as a pretreatment within 8 weeks prior to the first romiplostim administration; proportion of subjects with transfusion independence or decreased platelet transfusion requirement [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks after dosing ]
  4. Proportion of subjects achieving platelet response, erythroid response, or neutrophil response at each of Week 27 and end of treatment. [ Time Frame: At 27 weeks and 52 weeks after dosing ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of Aplastic Anemia (AA) confirmed by peripheral blood and bone-marrow examinations, etc.
  • Refractory to at least one course of immunosuppressive therapy including horse or rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin (ATG); or ineligible for ATG treatment and refractory to cyclosporin (CyA)
  • Thrombocytopenia defined as a platelet count of ≤ 30 × 10^9/L
  • Preserving main organ function as a result of screening as follows;

    • Total bilirubin: < 1.5 times the upper limit of the laboratory normal range
    • Alanine aminotransferase: < 3.0 times the upper limit of the laboratory normal range
    • Aspartate aminotransferase: < 3.0 times the upper limit of the laboratory normal range
    • Creatinine value: ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • An Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 to 2 at screening
  • ≥ 20 years of age at the time of obtaining informed consent
  • Patients who have provided written informed consent of their free will to participate in this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent active infection not adequately responding to appropriate therapy
  • Bone marrow reticulin grade of ≥ 2 based on the grading scale for reticulin indicated in Bone Marrow Pathology (2nd edition)
  • Proportion of blasts in bone marrow > 2%
  • Previous or concurrent active malignancies, other than localized tumors diagnosed more than one year previously and treated surgically with curative intent (basal cell carcinoma; or surgically resected in situ carcinoma of the cervix with an apparent success of ≥ 12 months prior to enrollment; as well as other cancers which have not been treated and remained disease-free for at least 5 years before enrollment are eligible)
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease (class III or IV of the New York Heart Association classification; unstable angina pectoris; myocardial infarction within 6 months before enrollment; cardiac disease accompanied by angioplasty or stenting within 6 months before enrollment; or clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias) or uncontrollable hypertension
  • Arterial or venous thrombosis within one year before enrollment
  • Positive for anti-human immunodeficiency virus antibodies, hepatitis B surface antigen, or hepatitis C virus-RNA at screening
  • Thrombocytopenia due to any other cause (e.g., myelodysplastic syndrome, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, or liver cirrhosis)
  • Patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
  • Concurrent occurrence of hemolytic predominant paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (Hemolytic predominant is defined as lactate dehydrogenase > 1.5 times the upper limit of the laboratory normal range)
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • Receiving other investigational products within 16 weeks before romiplostim treatment initiation
  • Receiving any agent to treat AA, including the following agents before romiplostim treatment initiation;

    • ATG treatment within 6 months before romiplostim treatment initiation
    • CyA or anabolic steroid treatment within 6 weeks before romiplostim treatment initiation:

However, the patients who are treated with a CyA or anabolic steroid for at least 6 months before romiplostim treatment initiation may be enrolled if their blood cell count are stable at screening, and their dosage and administration will be kept for 6 weeks before romiplostim treatment initiation and during romiplostim dosing period.

  • A history of polyethylene glycol-conjugated recombinant human megakaryocyte growth and development factor, recombinant human thrombopoietin (TPO), romiplostim, or other TPO-receptor agonists
  • Having a plan to undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation within 1 year
  • Having hypersensitivity to any recombinant protein E. coli derivative protein
  • Lactating or pregnant women or women of child-bearing potential who have no intention of using oral contraceptives or birth control
  • Having abnormalities by the cytogenetic test in bone marrow cells
  • Patients who are considered to be ineligible for the study by the investigator or subinvestigator for reasons other than above

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02773290

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Kanazawa, Japan
Tokyo, Japan
Korea, Republic of
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd.
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Responsible Party: Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd. Identifier: NCT02773290    
Other Study ID Numbers: 531-002
First Posted: May 16, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd.:
Aplastic Anemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Aplastic
Hematologic Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases