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A Study of Apatinib for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients After First-line Treatment Failure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02772029
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2016 by Sheng Guan, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sheng Guan, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University

Brief Summary:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the lethal human cancers worldwide and its incidence matches mortality, reflecting the poor prognosis of this disease. The surgical resection rate of HCC is low, and the prognosis is poor. Although transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the main treatment for HCC patients who are not candidates for surgical resection, it is not considered a curative procedure. For HCC, poor TACE efficacy or TACE failure may be related to tumor angiogenesis of the residual disease. Among the many regulatory factors in tumor angiogenesis, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play vital roles in this process.

Sorafenib is the first systemic treatment drug, which has been approved by the FDA for advanced HCC. In order to find an new VEGFR-inhibitor with better effect and lower toxicity, Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd. developed Apatinib, a high-performance VEGFR-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Apatinib plays anti angiogenic effect in the treatment of malignant tumor mainly through inhibition of VEGFR-2, in vivo and in vitro experiments showed good tumor growth inhibitory activity on glioma, this study aims to further verify the efficacy and safety of Apatinib for first-line treatment failure hepatocellular carcinoma patients, the primary endpoint is time to progression(TTP).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug: Apatinib Mesylate Tablets Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Apatinib for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients After First-line Treatment Failure
Study Start Date : May 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Apatinib Mesylate Tablets
Apatinib (Apatinib Mesylate Tablets) 750 mg is administered orally daily, until disease progression or intolerable toxicity.
Drug: Apatinib Mesylate Tablets
Apatinib 750 mg is administered orally daily, until disease progression or untolerable toxicity.
Other Name: Apatinib

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. time to progression [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a histologic or cytologic diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma, imaging diagnosis should be compatible with chinese standard for diagnosis and treatment of primary liver cancer (Edition 2011)
  • Have progressed after systematic chemotherapy/target therapy, or cannot tolerated with first-line treatment, and have at least one measurable lesion. according to RECIST 1.1, the long diameter of measurable lesion should be more or equal than 10mm, or the short diameter of a enlarged lymph node should be more or equal than 15mm, the maximum diameter of a viable tumor should be no more than 15cm
  • The previous chemotherapy and the present trial registration must be at least 2 weeks apart. And they must have recovered from any toxicity of a previous chemotherapy
  • Patients with Child Pugh Class A & B disease are eligible for the study
  • Patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B or C are eligible for the study
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score (PS): 0-2
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • Hepatitis B virus DNA<2000 IU/ml
  • Adequate organ function meeting the following:

    • Bone marrow: absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5×109/L (1500/mm3); platelet ≥ 75×109/L; hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
    • Liver: Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 ×ULN, AST and ALT ≤ 5 ×ULN, ALB ≥ 29 g/L
    • Kidney: Cr ≤1.5 ×upper limit of normal
  • Within 7 days prior to the start of therapy, women of child-bearing potential must undergo a pregnancy test, which must be negative; men of child-bearing potential: contraceptive measures must be adopted during treatment and within 8 weeks afterward
  • Subjects who understand and voluntarily signed a written informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed with cholangiocellular carcinoma, mixed cell carcinoma and fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma
  • History of other malignancy within 5 years except for non-melanoma skin cancer, cervix in situ carcinoma
  • Prepared for liver transplantation
  • Patients with contraindications (active bleeding, ulcers, intestinal perforation, intestinal obstruction, within 30 days after major surgery, uncontrolled high blood pressure medication, III-IV level cardiac insufficiency, severe liver and kidney dysfunction)
  • A previous history of Interstitial pulmonary disease, drug-induced interstitial disease, radiation pneumonitis requiring hormonal therapy or active interstitial lung disease with any clinical evidence
  • Use of CYP3A4 inhibitor within 7 days or CYP3A4 inducer within 12 days prior to enrollment
  • Patients with central nervous system metastases or brain metastasis
  • Previous definite diagnosis of neuropsychiatric disturbances, including epilepsy or dementia
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Patients with bone metastasis received palliative radiation within 4 weeks prior to enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02772029

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Contact: mingxing li +8613733161622

Sponsors and Collaborators
The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
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Principal Investigator: sheng guan The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
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Responsible Party: Sheng Guan, Director of department of interventional neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University Identifier: NCT02772029    
Other Study ID Numbers: 41580193-4
First Posted: May 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action