Point-of-care Ultrasound for Clean-Catch Urine Collection in Young Children
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02751671|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 26, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2017
The investigators recently evaluated a new bladder stimulation technique to obtain clean-catch urine in infants aged less than six months. In this study, the reported success rate was of 52%. Measuring the transversal bladder diameter prior to the procedure with emergency point-of-care ultrasound (ePOCUS) could likely increase success rates for this technique as it has been described for bladder scans prior to performing urethral catheterization.
The aim of this study is to evaluate if using emergency point-of-care ultrasound to measure bladder volume improves clean-catch urine collection success in patients less than 6 months of age when compared to children undergoing this technique without a prior ultrasound.
This will be a randomized controlled trial performed in a tertiary paediatric emergency department. Participants will include all infants younger than 6 months of age who need a urinary culture and/or analysis requested by the attending physician. The intervention will consist of the use of emergency point-of-care ultrasound by a trained research assistant. The primary outcome will be the rate of success of the procedure. Secondary objectives will be to evaluate time to collect urine samples and to determine which transversal bladder diameter correlates with more than a 90% success rate for the procedure. Independent variables will be sex and age. In both groups, trained research nurses will collect clean-catch urine samples using bladder stimulation techniques. The success rate of the CCU procedure in both groups will be calculated. The time required to collect urine samples will be analysed. In group 1, the investigators will determine the transversal bladder diameter corresponding to a success rate for the procedure of > 80%. It is estimated that, in the worse-case scenario, the evaluation of 200 participants will provide a 95% confidence interval smaller than 10% for proportions. In addition, 20 participants with a successful CCU sample would allow to evaluate 2 risk factors using univariate and multivariate analysis.
This study will demonstrate that use of emergency point-of-care ultrasound increases success rates of stimulated clean-catch manoeuvres and may avoid invasive urethral catheterizations in young children.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Urinalysis Children||Procedure: POCUS Procedure: Standard||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||201 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Are Stimulated Clean-Catch Urine Collection Techniques More Successful When Combined With Prior Emergency Point-of-care Ultrasound in Paediatric Patients?|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2017|
Experimental: POCUS before clean catch sampling
The intervention of interest will be the use of emergency point-of-care ultrasound performed by a research assistant to evaluate bladder fullness before clean-catch stimulation manoeuvre. More specifically, following randomisation, children in the experimental group will have ePOCUS to measure the transversal bladder diameter. If the transversal bladder diameter is > 2 cm, the CCU procedure will be started without a prior feeding period. If the diameter is < 2 cm, the CCU will be postponed for a 20 minute feeding period and a new ePOCUS will be done. After the second ePOCUS, the CCU will be done if the transversal bladder diameter reaches > 2cm. If not, the child will have another 20 minute feeding period and a third ePOCUS prior to proceeding to the CCU regardless the bladder diameter.
The use of Point-of-care ultrasound before urine sample procedure
Experimental: Standard clean catch sampling
Patients allocated to this arm will have a 20 minute feeding period either being breastfed or provided with formula intake appropriate to the infant's age and weight. If possible, the genital areas of the infant will be cleaned with warm water and soap and dried with sterile gauze prior to the feeding. The parents will let the diaper opened and will be will be ready to collect urine if the child voids during the feeding period. After the feeding, the stimulated clean-catch procedure will be performed without prior ultrasound
Urine sampling procedure without prior ultrasound
- Successful clean-catch manoeuver [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ]The rate of successful clean-catch urine sample collection. Success is defined by the collection of a sample of urine of at least 2 mL, obtained within 300 seconds of bladder stimulation manoeuvers or obtained while disinfecting prior to the manoeuvre.
- Delay for collection [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]Time to collect urine sample from randomisation to sample collection
- delay for procedure [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]Time to collect urine sample from beginning of stimulation to sample collection
- Nurse time [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]Time that nurses have to spend with the patients
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02751671
|Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T1C5|