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Telemedicine to Manage Chronic Neck Pain at Home

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02736851
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bernardo Gialanella, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri

Brief Summary:

The aim of the study is to investigate if a home-based structured physician-directed, nurse-managed telemedicine program can increase adherence to a home exercise program and decrease neck pain and disability.

The study is carried out in 100 consecutive patients with chronic non-specific neck pain.

All patients referred to a rehabilitation Institute for an out-.patient visit complete a stretching exercise program and are instructed and encouraged to perform exercises regularly once at home. At the end of the rehabilitation, the patients are randomized into two groups of 50 patients each. Patients of the first Group are allocated to a home-based telemedicine (HBT), while those of the second group receive only the recommendation to continue exercising at home (Control group). The HBT intervention consists of fortnightly scheduled phone calls to patients over the 6-month course of the study. A nurse-tutor encourages the patient to perform regularly physical activity and prescribes exercises.

Adherence to home exercises is evaluated 15 days and 6 months after the end of the outpatient rehabilitation, while pain intensity and neck disability are assessed and compared in the two groups at entry and 6 months after the end of the outpatient rehabilitation .

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adherence Other: Home-based telemedicine group Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 94 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Home-Based Telemedicine Management of Patients Affected by Chronic Neck Pain
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control group
Usual care
Active Comparator: Home-based telemedicine group
Nurse-tutor support at home for 6 months
Other: Home-based telemedicine group

All patients referring to the rehabilitation service as out-patients underwent in-hospital a specific exercise program for the neck. Patients are instructed individually by a physical therapist to perform several types of exercises and, from the first rehabilitation session, are encouraged to exercise regularly at home. Written and illustrated material reporting home exercises is provided to all patients.

At the end of out-rehabilitation program, according to a randomization list, patients are randomized in 2 groups and those included in a Home-Based Telemedicine (HBT) program are followed up by a nurse tutor at home for a 6-month period.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Adherence as assessed by number of exercise sessions/week [ Time Frame: Change between 15 days and 6 months after the end of the outpatient rehabilitation ]
    Number of exercise sessions/week

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Pain [ Time Frame: Change between entry and 6 months after the end of the outpatient rehabilitation ]
    Evaluation by a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)

  2. Change in Disability [ Time Frame: Change between entry and 6 months after the end of the outpatient rehabilitation ]
    Evaluation by the Neck Disability Index

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • chronic non-specific neck pain duration more than 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pain duration less than 6 months
  • willingness to sign the informed consent form (unable to read or write)
  • cognitive deficit (e.g. Alzheimer disease or senile dementia)
  • patient unable to attend all sessions of exercises
  • inflammatory rheumatic diseases
  • history of fracture or operations around the neck region
  • neurological diseases that may lead to neck pain, infections or tumours
  • pregnancy
  • rehabilitation sessions for neck pain since less than 12 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02736851

Sponsors and Collaborators
Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri
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Study Director: Simonetta Scalvini, MD Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Bernardo Gialanella, Coordinator, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri Identifier: NCT02736851    
Other Study ID Numbers: Delibera 6863,CTS 7 April 2009
First Posted: April 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The research was supported by a grant from Lombardy Region. A final report was provided to Lombardy Region.
Keywords provided by Bernardo Gialanella, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri:
stretching exercises
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neck Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms