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Daylight-PDT With MAL for AK and Photodamaged Skin

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736760
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 11, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Professor Dr. Sigrid Karrer, University Hospital Regensburg

Brief Summary:

This study is a multicenter study investigating the clinical efficacy of repetitive daylight-PDT with MAL (Methylaminolevulinate) compared to cryosurgery in regard to prophylaxis and treatment of AKs (actinic keratoses) in the face. Patients will be randomly allocated to treatment groups. 5 PDT (photodynamic therapy) treatment sessions (visits 1-5) will be performed within 18 months. In the control group, cryosurgery will be performed at visit 1, and in case of non-cleared or newly occurred AKs at visits 2-5.

In the PDT group the patients will apply a chemical sunscreen (SPF 50+) to the whole face and other light-exposed, unprotected areas of the skin. After at least 15 minutes a lesion preparation of AKs (removal of crusts) will be performed and MAL will be applied in a thin layer to the whole face. Within 30 min after MAL application patients expose themselves to daylight for 2 hours. In the control group, cryosurgery will be performed using liquid nitrogen spray in each AK lesion; this will be done at visit 1 and, if necessary, also at visits 2-5. At visits 2-6, the efficacy of the treatment will be evaluated by the observer by documenting all existing and newly appearing AKs in the face.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Actinic Keratoses Photodamaged Skin Drug: Daylight photodynamic therapy using Methylaminolevulinate (MAL) Procedure: Cryosurgery Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This study is a multicenter study investigating the clinical efficacy of repetitive daylight-PDT with MAL compared to cryosurgery in regard to prophylaxis and treatment of AKs in the face. Patients will be randomly allocated to treatment groups. 5 PDT treatment sessions (visits 1-5) will be performed within 18 months. In the control group, cryosurgery will be performed at visit 1, and in case of non-cleared or newly occurred AKs at visits 2-5.

Before application of the photosensitizer, an organic sunscreen (Actinica® lotion, LSF 50+) without mineral filters will be applied In the entire face.

After an absorption time of approximately 15 minutes and before applying MAL (Metvix®), the surface of the AK lesions will be prepared gently with a curette or a scalpel to remove scales and crusts and roughen the surface of the AK-lesions. This is to facilitate penetration of the cream and light to the AK lesions.

After lesion preparation, MAL (Metvix®) will be uniformly applied on the whole face in a thin layer.

Within 30 min after MAL application the patients go outside and expose themselves for 2 hours to daylight. Daylight-PDT can be performed from March until October, during non-rainy weather with an outdoor temperature of at least 10° Celsius. Daylight exposure must start at least 3 hours before sunset.

At the end of the exposure, residual photosensitizer is washed off and the patients spend the rest of the day indoors.

Cryosurgery of AK lesions will be investigated as standard reference therapy. Single freeze-thaw cryosurgery is performed using an open spraying procedure with liquid nitrogen with nozzle size C. After formation of an ice-ball of the required size, freeze time starts. Freeze time should lie between 5 s and 10 s.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 58 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter, Two-armed, Study Comparing Daylight Photodynamic Therapy Using MAL With Cryosurgery for the Treatment and Prophylaxis of Actinic Keratoses in Photodamaged Skin of the Face
Study Start Date : March 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Daylight photodynamic therapy (PDT)

One intervention in the daylight photodynamic therapy arm:

Daylight photodynamic therapy using Methylaminolevulinate (MAL) will be performed five times within 18 months (visits 1-5). In the PDT group the patients will apply a chemical sunscreen (SPF 50+) to the whole face and other light-exposed, unprotected areas of the skin. After at least 15 minutes a lesion preparation of AKs (removal of crusts) will be performed and methylaminolevulinate (MAL) will be applied in a thin layer to the whole face. Within 30 min after MAL application patients expose themselves to daylight for 2 hours.

Drug: Daylight photodynamic therapy using Methylaminolevulinate (MAL)

In the Daylight photodynamic therapy arm the patients will apply a sunscreen to the whole face which is followed by lesion preparation of AKs. Following this, MAL will be applied in a thin layer to the whole face. Within 30 min after MAL application patients expose themselves to daylight for 2 hours.

5 photodynamic therapy treatment sessions (visits 1-5) will be performed within 18 months.

Other Name: Daylight-PDT

Active Comparator: Cryosurgery
In the control group, cryosurgery will be performed at visit 1, and in case of non-cleared or newly occurred AKs at visits 2-5. In the control group, cryosurgery will be performed using liquid nitrogen spray in each AK lesion; this will be done at visit 1 and, if necessary, also at visits 2-5. At visits 2-6, the efficacy of the treatment will be evaluated by the observer by documenting all existing and newly appearing AKs in the face.
Procedure: Cryosurgery
In the control group, cryosurgery as standard reference therapy will be performed at visit 1, and in case of non-cleared or newly occurred AKs at visits 2-5. Cryosurgery of AK lesions will be investigated as standard reference therapy. Single freeze-thaw cryosurgery is performed using an open spraying procedure with liquid nitrogen with nozzle size C. After formation of an ice-ball of the required size, freeze time starts. Freeze time should lie between 5 s and 10 s.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The cumulative number of observed AKs at time points 2 to 6 (3 months after the first treatment to 24 months after the first treatment). [ Time Frame: 24 months after the first treatment ]

    Newly occured AK lesions are counted at visit 2, visit 3, visit 4, visit 5 and visit 6.

    The number of newly occured AK lesions during the study are added up, therefore we included the term "cumulative".



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete clearance of AKs on lesion basis [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed three months after the first and the second treatment and 6 months after the third, fourth and fifth treatment. ]

    completely cleared AK lesions

    The first treatment ist performed at day 0 The second treatment is performed 3 months after the first treatment. The third treatment is performed 3 months after the second treatment. The fourth treatment is performed 6 months after the third treatment. The fifth treatment is performed 6 months after the fourth treatment.


  2. Complete clearance of AKs on patient basis [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed three months after the first and the second treatment and 6 months after the third, fourth and fifth treatment. ]

    completely cleared AK lesions on patient basis

    The first treatment ist performed at day 0 The second treatment is performed 3 months after the first treatment. The third treatment is performed 3 months after the second treatment. The fourth treatment is performed 6 months after the third treatment. The fifth treatment is performed 6 months after the fourth treatment.


  3. Photodamage parameters (fine lines, mottled pigmentation, tactile roughness, teleangiectasias, sallowness and global score for photoaging) will be evaluated on a 5-point scale according to Dover et al. [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed at day 0 (= the first treatment), three months after the first and the second treatment and 6 months after the third, fourth and fifth treatment. ]

    Photodamage parameters will be evaluated on a 5-point scale according to Dover et al. at all visits during the study

    The first treatment ist performed at day 0 (visit 1) The second treatment is performed 3 months after the first treatment (visit 2) The third treatment is performed 3 months after the second treatment (visit 3) The fourth treatment is performed 6 months after the third treatment (visit 4) The fifth treatment is performed 6 months after the fourth treatment (visit 5) The last visit is performed 6 months after the fifth treatment (visit 6)


  4. Visual pain score [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed at day 0 (= the first treatment), three months after the first and the second treatment and 6 months after the third, fourth and fifth treatment ]

    For evaluation of tolerability of daylight-PDT and cryosurgery, a pain score (VAS) will be assessed and documented.

    The first treatment ist performed at day 0 (visit 1) The second treatment is performed 3 months after the first treatment (visit 2) The third treatment is performed 3 months after the second treatment (visit 3) The fourth treatment is performed 6 months after the third treatment (visit 4) The fifth treatment is performed 6 months after the fourth treatment (visit 5) The last visit is performed 6 months after the fifth treatment (visit 6)


  5. Adverse events [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed at day 0 (= the first treatment), three months after the first and the second treatment and 6 months after the third, fourth and fifth treatment ]

    All adverse events and serious adverse events will be adequately documented.

    The first treatment ist performed at day 0 (visit 1) The second treatment is performed 3 months after the first treatment (visit 2) The third treatment is performed 3 months after the second treatment (visit 3) The fourth treatment is performed 6 months after the third treatment (visit 4) The fifth treatment is performed 6 months after the fourth treatment (visit 5) The last visit is performed 6 months after the fifth treatment (visit 6)


  6. Patient satisfaction with cosmetic results [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed three months after day 0 and the second treatment and 6 months after the third, fourth and fifth treatment ]

    For evaluation of satisfaction with cosmetic results, patients and investigators fill in a standardized rating scale

    The first treatment ist performed at day 0 (visit 1) The second treatment is performed 3 months after the first treatment (visit 2) The third treatment is performed 3 months after the second treatment (visit 3) The fourth treatment is performed 6 months after the third treatment (visit 4) The fifth treatment is performed 6 months after the fourth treatment (visit 5) The last visit is performed 6 months after the fifth treatment (visit 6)


  7. Skin-related quality of life [ Time Frame: This outcome measure is assessed at day 0 and 24 months after day 0 ]
    For evaluation of skin-related quality of life, study participants fill in the Dermatology Life Quality Index, a 10-item questionnaire for routine clinical use. Patients are asked about the impact of their AK and photodamaged skin and its treatment on their lives. Patients' quality of life is expressed in a single score ranging from 0 (no impact) to 30 (severe impact).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent has been signed prior to or at Screening Visit
  • Male and female patients with Fitzpatrick skin type I-IV
  • Age > 40 years
  • Negative pregnancy test in women of childbearing age
  • Women in child-bearing age using highly efficient contraceptive methods (<1% failure rate per year)
  • Clinical diagnosis of actinic keratosis (AK)
  • A minimum of five non-hyperkeratotic, non-pigmented AK lesions in the face.
  • Glogau Photodamage Classification Type II (moderate) - IV (severe)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of porphyria
  • Hyperkeratotic or pigmented AK in the face
  • Malignant skin tumors in the face or on the capillitium, requiring treatment
  • Patients with clinically relevant suppression of the immune system (e.g. drug induced, infection) or organ transplant patients
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Planned aesthetic treatments in the face in the next 24 months (filler, peeling, botulinumtoxin, skin resurfacing)
  • Known intolerance or allergy to MAL or to any other ingredient of Metvix® 160mg/g cream
  • Known intolerance to Actinica® lotion
  • Photosensitivity
  • Suspected lack of compliance (e.g. due to dementia)
  • Simultaneous participation in another clinical study or participation in another clinical study in the 30 days directly preceding inclusion
  • Concomitant UV-phototherapy
  • Skin diseases that might interfere with response evaluation of study treatment
  • Skin sun sensitivity type V or VI according to Fitzpatrick
  • PDT in the face during 6 months preceding study treatment
  • Non-permitted medication:
  • Topical treatment in the face during 4 weeks preceding study treatment with diclofenac, hydrochinone, peeling, 5-FU, ingenolmebutate, retinoids, podophyllin, azelaic acid, imiquimod or other agents, that could interfere with the evaluation of the efficacy of the study treatment, according to the investigator.
  • Systemic treatment with retinoids
  • Conditions that might interfere with the ability to understand the study and thus give written informed consent
  • Rejuvenating treatments of the face during 3 months preceding study treatment, including filler, botulinumtoxin and IPL

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02736760


Locations
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Germany
University hospital Regensburg
Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany, 93053
University Hospital Düsseldorf.
Düsseldorf, Germany, 40225
Hautzentrum Köln
Köln, Germany, 50966
Klinikum Vest GmbH Knappschaftskrankenhaus
Recklinghausen, Germany, 45657
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Regensburg

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Professor Dr. Sigrid Karrer, Professor, University Hospital Regensburg
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736760     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Daylight_01
First Posted: April 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 11, 2016
Last Verified: November 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Keratosis, Actinic
Keratosis
Skin Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Methyl 5-aminolevulinate
Aminolevulinic Acid
Photosensitizing Agents
Dermatologic Agents