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Impact of Tecfidera on Gut Microbiota

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736279
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Biogen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Simnad, EvergreenHealth

Brief Summary:

Objectives: Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) therapy may cause a measureable change in bacterial species of the gut. The primary objectives of this study are:

  1. Determine whether a measureable change in bacterial species representation follows the institution of DMF.
  2. Determine whether a specific pattern of change in the microbiota phylotype with DMF therapy correlates to onset and severity of gastrointestinal disturbances (heartburn, nausea, flatulence, and diarrhea).
  3. Determine whether any instability of microbiota phylotype representation persists following the institution of DMF or whether stabilization relates to resolution of gastrointestinal disturbances.
  4. Determine whether there is a correlation between a pre-existing functional bowel disorder and development or severity of gastrointestinal disturbances and of peripheral eosinophilia.

Design: Double-blinded, prospective, single-center pilot study.

Patient Population: Individuals 18 years or older, with a confirmed diagnosis of a relapsing form of multiple sclerosis.

Treatment Groups: This study will be an open-label prospective study design with respect to MS immunomodulatory therapy choice. Study group will be defined as subjects with a relapsing form of multiple sclerosis, as defined by the McDonald criteria, choosing to begin DMF therapy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Dimethyl fumarate

Detailed Description:

This will be an open-label prospective study design with respect to MS immunomodulatory therapy choice. Study group will be defined as subjects with a relapsing form of multiple sclerosis as defined by the McDonald criteria choosing to begin dimethyl fumarate (DMF) therapy. Blinding of the principal investigator and study subject to microbiota analysis results will be maintained until the planned end of study. Subjects who receive at least one dose of DMF and subsequently discontinue therapy will be invited to complete the study on alternative immunomodulatory therapy or no therapy. Data from subjects who have received at least one dose of DMF and who withdraw early from the study will be included in analysis as last visit carried forward. A goal has been set to enroll 25 subjects for this study.

Gut microbiota will be characterized using a commercial service, Second Genome, utilizing bacterial DNA extraction from stool samples and 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplification, followed by high-throughput sequencing. Taxonomic profiling on the Illumina MiSeq system is cycled to generate paired 250-bp reads in Second Genome's protocols. These longer read lengths provide high-quality full length-reads of the gene to ensure the most accurate classification available through sequencing technologies. Next generation sequencing has emerged as a powerful tool for investigating microbial communities in large sample sets.

Serial stool samples will be collected from each subject, and sent to Second Genome for analysis. The first stool sample will be collected prior to the initial dose of DMF, with subsequent collections at defined time points over the course of the study. A more intensive analysis will focus on the first 12 weeks of treatment, a time during which development and resolution of gastrointestinal side effects typically take place on therapy. Treatment-emergent flushing severity will be recorded during this time using a 5-point Likert scale flushing severity survey. Gastrointestinal (G.I.) symptoms will be assessed using the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale (GSRS) questionnaire, a validated, self-administered questionnaire that includes 15 questions, which assess severity of G.I. symptoms using a 7-point Likert scale in five domains: indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain and reflux. The severity of symptoms reported in the GSRS increases with increasing score. Other variables which potentially may alter the gastrointestinal microbiota and secondarily DMF tolerance will be assessed, including the identification of subjects predisposed to functional bowel disorders via use of the Rome III functional bowel survey, a validated clinical tool to identify at-risk individuals, diet composition, antibiotic exposure, steroid treatments for neurological relapses, use of prebiotic , probiotic, or vitamin D supplements, and H2 blocker or proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, as gut pH changes impact the gut flora composition.Additional data on mood change over 24 weeks of DMF therapy, using the Hamilton Anxiety Measurement (HAM) Rating Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) Depression Scale, will be collected and correlated to DMF-emergent G.I. disturbances, and to changes in bacterial and archaeal species in the gut flora.


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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Measuring the Impact of Tecfidera on the Gut Microbiota: Does a Change in the Gut Flora Correlate With Gastrointestinal Disturbances Following Therapy Initiation?
Study Start Date : May 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine



Intervention Details:
  • Drug: Dimethyl fumarate
    Observation of impact of dimethyl fumarate treatment initiation on mood and gut microbiome over the first 6 months of therapy
    Other Name: Tecfidera


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measure change in the diversity and relative abundance of bacterial and archaeal species in the gut microbiota following the start of DMF therapy. [ Time Frame: Weeks 0 (baseline), 4,8,12,and 24 ]
    16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing for taxanomic classification of both known and unknown bacteria. This method quantifies the relative abundance of bacterial and archaeal species at each time point of sampling, and changes in the composition of species at specified time points from baseline (weeks 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 following DMF treatment initiation.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measure change in anxiety level within the first 6 months following the start of dimethyl fumarate therapy. [ Time Frame: Weeks 0 (baseline), 12, and 24 ]
    Prospective analyses of anxiety severity comparing the aggregate score from the Hamilton Anxiety Measurement (HAM) at baseline visit prior to the start of DMF therapy to the aggregate score obtained at weeks 0 (baseline prior to therapy), 12 and 24.

  2. Measure change in depression level within the first 6 months following the start of dimethyl fumarate therapy. [ Time Frame: Weeks 0 (baseline), 12, and 24 ]
    Prospective analyses of depression severity comparing the aggregate score from the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) Depression Scale survey at baseline visit (week 0) prior to the start of DMF therapy to the aggregate score obtained at weeks 12 and 24 from start of therapy.

  3. Define pre-existing functional bowel disturbance as a predictor of GI symptoms development and severity following the start of dimethyl fumarate treatment. [ Time Frame: Weeks 0 (baseline); 1-12 and 24 ]
    Baseline functional GI disturbances will be quantified by the Rome III functional bowel survey prior to initiating dimethyl fumarate therapy (week 0). Following treatment initiation, developing gastrointestinal symptoms and their severity will be measured by the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale at selected time points (weekly for the first 12 weeks, and at week 24) within the first 6 months of DMF treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects will be recruited from a single center located in Seattle, Washington. Eligibility will be determined following a clinical decision to begin dimethyl fumarate therapy for a relapsing form of multiple sclerosis. Study population will reflect the local community composition, which is predominantly Caucasian.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of a relapsing form of multiple sclerosis by McDonald criteria.
  • Age 18 years or older.
  • Able to provide informed consent.
  • Treatment naïve to DMF, Fumaderm or other fumarate containing compound.
  • Neurologically stable within 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • Stable gross diet composition type (Western, vegetarian with dairy, vegan, gluten-limited, Paleo) within 12 weeks of screening visit.
  • Able to complete study specific questionnaires and demographic information via HIPAA compliant secure internet based portal.
  • No oral antibiotics within 4 weeks of screening.
  • Able to abide by safety surveillance monitoring and management as part of standard of care.
  • Able and willing to comply with the protocol requirements for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with immunosuppressive therapies (other than steroids) within 12 months of screening, experimental or FDA approved cell trafficking modulators, experimental immune cell vaccines, or stem cell therapy.
  • G.I. diagnostic or therapeutic procedure within 24 weeks of screening visit, or at any time during participation in the study.
  • Steroid therapy (oral or intravenous) within 4 weeks of screening visit.
  • Chronic use of a proton pump inhibitor therapy (daily use for greater than 4 weeks) within 3 months of screening.
  • Chronic use (i.e. daily use for greater than 4 weeks) of laxatives other than Colace within 6 months of screening.
  • Intravenous antimicrobial therapy within 24 weeks of screening.
  • Oral antimicrobial therapy within 4 weeks of screening.
  • Dental procedure within 4 weeks of screening visit.
  • Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) within 12 months of screening.
  • History of Crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, biliary cirrhosis, celiac disease, chronic pancreatitis, gastric lap-band procedure, gastric or colon cancer, bowel resection, colitis within past 6 months.
  • Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, planning pregnancy, or potentially fertile and not willing to abide by effective contraception while being treated with DMF.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02736279


Contacts
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Contact: Shalom E Kilcup 425-899-5369 SEKilcup@evergreenhealth.com
Contact: Carey L Gonzales 425-899-5374 CLGonzales@evergreenhealth.com

Locations
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United States, Washington
EvergreenHealth MS Center Recruiting
Kirkland, Washington, United States, 98034
Contact: Shalom E Kilcup    425-899-5369    SEKilcup@evergreenhealth.com   
Principal Investigator: Virginia I Simnad, MD, M.Sc         
Sub-Investigator: Theodore R Brown, MD, MPH         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Simnad
Biogen
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Virginia I Simnad, MD EvergreenHealth

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Responsible Party: Virginia Simnad, MD, M.Sc, EvergreenHealth
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736279     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VIS2014
First Posted: April 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 4, 2016
Last Verified: November 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: After completion of all data analysis and submission of an abstract or article to a peer reviewed journal or professional meeting, each study subject may receive a copy of the aggregate data on their gut microbiome analyses from the study coordinator
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Dimethyl Fumarate
Dermatologic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs