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Tracking the Brain in Myotonic Dystrophies: a 5-year Longitudinal Follow-up Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02729597
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Forschungszentrum Juelich
Life and Brain Center Bonn
The Marigold Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cornelia Kornblum, University Hospital, Bonn

Brief Summary:
The natural history of brain affection in myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 is still unknown. The investigators designed a 5-year longitudinal neuropsychological and neuroimaging follow-up study to address this issue. Myotonic dystrophy type 1, myotonic dystrophy type 2 patients, and healthy controls were enrolled. All participants undergo clinical-neurological examinations, neuropsychological analyses according to a 13-item neuropsychological test battery, and 3T-brain MRI including voxel-based morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging at baseline and at follow-up using identical examination protocols.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Myotonic Dystrophy 1 Myotonic Dystrophy 2 Other: medical history Other: neurological clinical examination Other: neuropsychological testing Other: brain MRI

Detailed Description:
It is unknown whether brain affection in myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 is due to neurodevelopmental defects, neurodegeneration, or both. An exact definition of the nature and dynamic of brain affection is of urgent need for the identification of clinical trial outcome parameters and the design of therapy compounds. The investigators planned a 5-year longitudinal study to examine the natural history of functional and structural brain affection. Myotonic dystrophy type 1, myotonic dystrophy type 2 patients, and healthy controls were enrolled. All participants undergo clinical-neurological examinations, neuropsychological analyses according to a 13-item neuropsychological test battery, and 3T-brain MRI at baseline and at follow-up using identical examination protocols. The intended time span between baseline and follow-up examinations is 5 years minimum. To investigate gray and white matter affection, voxel-based morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging are performed, and data are statistically analyzed including (i) group comparisons between patients and controls at baseline and follow-up, and (ii) group comparisons using difference maps to focus on isolated disease-related effects over time.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 49 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Tracking the Brain in Myotonic Dystrophies: a 5-year Longitudinal Follow-up Study
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2015


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients

Patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (diagnosis confirmed by genetic testing) who meet all inclusion and exclusion criteria for patients.

To be assessed at baseline and follow-up:

medical history, neurological clinical examination, neuropsychological testing, brain MRI

Other: medical history
The complete medical history (including cardiovascular risk factors and medication) will be assessed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: neurological clinical examination
Neurological examination will be performed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: neuropsychological testing
Neuropsychological testing using a 13 item test battery will be performed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: brain MRI
Brain MRI ( 3.0 T) will be performed using the same hard- and software at baseline and follow-up.

Myotonic dystrophy type 2 patients

Patients with myotonic dystrophy type 2 (diagnosis confirmed by genetic testing) who meet all inclusion and exclusion criteria for patients.

To be assessed at baseline and follow-up:

medical history, neurological clinical examination, neuropsychological testing, brain MRI

Other: medical history
The complete medical history (including cardiovascular risk factors and medication) will be assessed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: neurological clinical examination
Neurological examination will be performed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: neuropsychological testing
Neuropsychological testing using a 13 item test battery will be performed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: brain MRI
Brain MRI ( 3.0 T) will be performed using the same hard- and software at baseline and follow-up.

Controls

Healthy control subjects who meet all inclusion and exclusion criteria for healthy controls.

To be assessed at baseline and follow-up:

medical history, neurological clinical examination, neuropsychological testing, brain MRI

Other: medical history
The complete medical history (including cardiovascular risk factors and medication) will be assessed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: neurological clinical examination
Neurological examination will be performed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: neuropsychological testing
Neuropsychological testing using a 13 item test battery will be performed at baseline and follow-up.

Other: brain MRI
Brain MRI ( 3.0 T) will be performed using the same hard- and software at baseline and follow-up.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in diffusivity indices as assessed by brain MRI with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) sequences [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
  2. Gray matter changes assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-voxel-based morphometry (VBM) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
  3. Quantification of white matter lesions using age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) rating scale [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. MIRS (Muscular impairment rating scale) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    Rating scale to assess disease severity in myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients

  2. Motor performance (Purdue Pegboard, bimanual) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    A bimanual task to assess fine motor function in patients and controls. Results are used as a covariate for neuropsychological tests

  3. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    To assess depressive symptoms

  4. Boston Naming Test [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    A test to evaluate semantic memory.

  5. Verbal memory recognition task, a subtest of a computerised neuropsychological screening test battery, named NeuroCogFX (Fliessbach et al., 2006). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    Word list learning: 3 repetitions of word list presentation, 12 words. Yes/No recognition test (items:distractors 1 : 2) (reaction intervall: 2 seconds).

    Data measurement: reaction time, number of correct hits


  6. Figural memory recognition task, a subtest of a computerised neuropsychological screening test battery, named NeuroCogFX (Fliessbach et al., 2006). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    Figural pattern learning: 12 different checkerboard patterns are presented, 3 repetitions of checkboard pattern presentation. Checkerboard consists of 3x3 fields, each pattern consists of 4 highlighted fields. Yes/No recognition test (items:distractors 1 : 2) (reaction interval: 2 seconds).

    Data measurement: reaction time, number of correct hits


  7. Focussed Attention. Focussed attention concerning processing speed is assessed with a symbol-counting task (subtest 1 of the "Cerebraler Insuffizienztest", c.I.T.S. (Lehrl, 1997)). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    Data measurement: time

  8. Psychomotoric Speed. Psychomotoric speed is assessed using the Trail-Making Test, TMT A (Reitan, 1958). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    The TMT-A test consists of 25 numbered circles randomly distributed over a sheet of paper. The study participant needs to draw lines to connect the numbers in ascending order.

    Data measurement: time


  9. Reaction time, a subtest of a computerised neuropsychological screening test battery, named NeuroCogFX (Fliessbach et al., 2006). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    Data measurement: time

  10. Selective attention (Choice reaction time), a subtest of a computerised neuropsychological screening test battery, named NeuroCogFX (Fliessbach et al., 2006). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    Data measurement: time

  11. Interference. Interference is analysed using two tasks. [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
    1. Response inhibition subtest of the "Cerebraler Insuffizienztest" (c.I.T.I; Lehrl and Fischer, 1997).
    2. Inverted choice reaction with reversed conditions of a choice reaction task, a subtest of a computerised neuropsychological screening test battery, named NeuroCogFX (Fliessbach et al., 2006).

    Data measurement: reaction time


  12. Attention shift. Attentional shift is analysed using the the Trail-Making Test, TMT B (Reitan, 1958). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    The TMT B test consists of 25 circles randomly distributed over a sheet of paper. These circles include both numbers and letters. The study participant needs to draw lines to connect the numbers and letters in an ascending order, but alternating between numbers and letters.

    Data measurement: time


  13. Visual-spatial / visual-constructive abilities. Visual-spatial / visual-constructive abilities are investigated using the Block design Test (part of "Hamburg-Wechsler Intelligenztest für Erwachsene"—Revision (HAWIE-R); Tewes, 1991). [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    The block design test consists of 9 blocks and 9 pictures. The study participant needs to look at the picture and reconstruct each picture by arranging all 9 blocks.

    Data measurement: time


  14. Phonematic fluency. Phonemic verbal word fluency is assessed using the oral word-fluency test, subtest 6 of the "Leistungsprüfsystem"; Horn, 1983. [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    In a given time (one minute) the study participant needs to list as many words that begin with a certain letter.

    Data measurement: number of correct words


  15. Semantic fluency. Semantic word fluency is assessed using a test by Strauss et al.,2006. [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]

    A certain category is provided and in a given time (one minute) the study participant needs to list as many items belonging to that category.

    Data measurement: number of correct items


  16. Daytime Sleepiness Scale (DSS) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
  17. Krupp's Fatigue Severity Scale (KFSS) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
  18. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
  19. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]
  20. Ullanlinna-Narcolepsy Scale (UNS) [ Time Frame: First analysis at baseline and after 5 years at follow-up ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients with genetically proven myotonic dystrophy type 1 and myotonic dystrophy type 2 and healthy controls
Criteria

Inclusion criteria for healthy controls:

  • written informed consent
  • normal neurological examination without any acute or former neurological or severe psychiatric disease, no medical history of traumatic brain injury

Inclusion criteria for patients:

  • written informed consent
  • diagnosis confirmed by genetic testing
  • no other neurological or severe psychiatric disease, no medical history of traumatic brain injury

Exclusion criteria for healthy controls and patients:

  • use of psychoactive substances including alcohol (except nicotine), formerly or currently; treatment with modafinil
  • severe psychiatric disorders, serious physical illnesses, particularly cardiovascular diseases, formerly or currently
  • non-removable ferromagnetic metallic implants, sensors, stimulators, prostheses, pacemaker, large tattoos
  • claustrophobia
  • age under 18 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02729597


Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Bonn
Forschungszentrum Juelich
Life and Brain Center Bonn
The Marigold Foundation
Investigators
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Study Chair: Cornelia Kornblum, Prof. Dr. Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
Study Chair: Bernd Weber, Prof. Dr. Life and Brain Center, Department of NeuroCognition-Imaging, Bonn, Germany

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Responsible Party: Cornelia Kornblum, Prof. Dr., University Hospital, Bonn
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02729597     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DM-1-2
First Posted: April 6, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2016
Last Verified: April 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Cornelia Kornblum, University Hospital, Bonn:
neuromuscular disorders
MRI
white matter
brain
myotonic dystrophy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myotonic Dystrophy
Muscular Dystrophies
Myotonic Disorders
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn